Architecture For The Poor: An Experiment in Rural Egypt

Paperback | December 15, 2000

byHassan Fathy

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Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy's plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Using mud bricks, the native technique that Fathy learned in Nubia, and such traditional Egyptian architectural designs as enclosed courtyards and vaulted roofing, Fathy worked with the villagers to tailor his designs to their needs. He taught them how to work with the bricks, supervised the erection of the buildings, and encouraged the revival of such ancient crafts as claustra (lattice designs in the mudwork) to adorn the buildings.

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Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy's plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Using mud bricks, the native technique that Fathy learned in Nubia, and such traditional Egyptian architectural designs as enclosed courtya...

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Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy's plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Using mud bricks, the native technique that Fathy learned in Nubia, and such traditional Egyptian architectural designs as enclosed courtya...

Hassan Fathy, an Egyptian architect, has taught on the Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo and served as head of its architectural section. He has received numerous awards including the 1970 French Literary Prize for this book, which originally appeared in a French edition.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:366 pages, 9 × 5.38 × 1 inPublished:December 15, 2000Publisher:University Of Chicago Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0226239160

ISBN - 13:9780226239163

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Table of Contents

Foreword by William R. Polk
Preface
1. PRELUDE: DREAM AND REALITY
Paradise Lost: The Countryside
Mud Brick: Sole Hope for Rural Reconstruction
Mud for Roofing, Bahtim: Trial and Error
Nubia: Survival of an Ancient Technique of Vaulting
The Nubian Masons at Work: First Successes
Ezbet el Basry: Iblis in Ambush
A Tomb Robbery Begets a Pilot Housing Project
Birth of New Gourna: The Site
2. CHORALE: MAN, SOCIETY, AND TECHNOLOGY
Architectural Character
The Process of Decision Making
Tradition's Role
Saving Individuality in the Village
Traditional Village Crafts Restored
The Use of Mud Brick an Economic Necessity
Reestablishment of the "Trinity": Owner, Architect, and Craftsman
Vernacular Architecture of Old Gourna
Change with Constancy
Climate and Architecture
Orientation of Houses Determined Partly by Sun, Partly by Wind
The Malkaf, or Wind Catch
Society and Architecture
Kinship Structure and Local Custom
Socioeconomic Considerations
Rural Crafts in Gourna
The Plan of New Gourna
Public Service Buildings and Amenities
The Peasant House
Combating Bilharzia
Gourna, A Pilot Project
The Cooperative System
In-Service Training
Gourna Not an End in Itself
A Stillborn Experiment, Mit-el-Nasara
National Program for Rural Reconstruction
3. FUGUE: ARCHITECT, PEASANT, AND BUREAUCRAT
First Season: 1945-46
Second Season: 1946-47
Third Season: 1947-48
4. FINALE: GOURNA DORMANT
An Architect in Search of a Patron
Slander Continues
Gourna Revisited
Gourna in Nabaroh
Appendix I: Cost Analysis of Labor and Rates of the Execution of Works
Cost Analysis of Materials and Labor Used in Gourna Village
Cost of Stone
Sand
Construction
Appendix II: In-Service Training
Appendix III: Organization of Work
Appendix IV: Foundations
Appendix V: Brick Making
Extract from Colonel Debes's Experiments
Extract from Dr. Mustapha Yehya's Experiments
Appendix VI: Cost Analysis at the Moment when the Project Was Handed Over to the Ministry of Social Affairs
Glossary
Illustrations