Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior Analytics by David BronsteinAristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior Analytics by David Bronstein

Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior Analytics

byDavid Bronstein

Hardcover | April 24, 2016

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"All teaching and all intellectual learning come to be from pre-existing knowledge." So begins Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, one of the most important, and difficult, works in the history of western philosophy. David Bronstein sheds new light on this challenging text by arguing that it iscoherently structured around two themes of enduring philosophical interest: knowledge and learning. The Posterior Analytics, on Bronstein's reading, is a sustained examination of scientific knowledge: what it is and how it is acquired. Aristotle first discusses two principal forms of scientific knowledge (episteme and nous). He then provides a compelling account, in reverse order, of the types oflearning one needs to undertake in order to acquire them. The Posterior Analytics thus emerges as an elegantly organized work in which Aristotle describes the mind's ascent from sense-perception of particulars to scientific knowledge of first principles. Bronstein also highlights Plato's influence on Aristotle's text. For each type of learning Aristotle discusses, Bronstein uncovers an instance of Meno's Paradox (a puzzle from Plato's Meno according to which inquiry and learning are impossible) and a solution to it. In addition, he argues, againstcurrent orthodoxy, that Aristotle is committed to the Socratic Picture of inquiry, according to which one should seek what a thing's essence is before seeking its demonstrable attributes and their causes.Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning will be of interest to students and scholars of ancient philosophy, epistemology, or philosophy of science.
David Bronstein is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Georgetown University. He was educated in Canada and previously taught at Boston University and the University of Oxford. He is the author of several articles on Aristotle's epistemology and philosophy of science.
Title:Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior AnalyticsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.81 inPublished:April 24, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019872490X

ISBN - 13:9780198724902

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Table of Contents

IntroductionGeneral Introduction1. Meno's Paradox and the Prior Knowledge RequirementPart I: Learning by Demonstration2. Learning by Demonstration3. Belonging 'In Itself' and Aristotle's Theory of Demonstration4. Scientific Knowledge and DemonstrationPart II: Learning by Definition5. Learning by Definition: Introduction6. Inquiry in APo 2.17. Inquiry in APo 2.28. The Socratic Picture of the Order of Inquiry9. Cause, Essence, and Definition10. Discovering Causally Complex Essences: APo 2.811. Subject-Kinds and their Existence12. Discovering Causally Simple Essences: APo 2.13Part III: Learning by Induction13. The Origin and Aim of APo 2.19ConclusionBibliographyIndex