Aristotle's Science Of Matter And Motion by Christopher ByrneAristotle's Science Of Matter And Motion by Christopher Byrne

Aristotle's Science Of Matter And Motion

byChristopher Byrne

Hardcover | July 11, 2018

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Although Aristotle's contribution to biology has long been recognized, there are many philosophers and historians of science who still hold that he was the great delayer of natural science, calling him the man who held up the Scientific Revolution by two thousand years. They argue that Aristotle never considered the nature of matter as such or the changes that perceptible objects undergo simply as physical objects; he only thought about the many different, specific natures found in perceptible objects.

Aristotle's Science of Matter and Motion focuses on refuting this misconception, arguing that Aristotle actually offered a systematic account of matter, motion, and the basic causal powers found in all physical objects. Author Christopher Byrne sheds lights on Aristotle's account of matter, revealing how Aristotle maintained that all perceptible objects are ultimately made from physical matter of one kind or another, accounting for their basic common features. For Aristotle, then, matter matters a great deal.

Christopher Byrne is an associate professor in the Department of Philosophy at St. Francis Xavier University.
Title:Aristotle's Science Of Matter And MotionFormat:HardcoverProduct dimensions:208 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.6 inShipping dimensions:9 × 6 × 0.6 inPublished:July 11, 2018Publisher:University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing DivisionLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1487503962

ISBN - 13:9781487503963


Table of Contents

Introduction: The Case against an Aristotelian Physics

1 Motion and Change in Perceptible Objects
1.1 The Common Attributes of Perceptible Objects
1.1.1 Perceptible Objects and Physical Contact
1.1.2 Perceptible Objects and Motion
1.1.3 Perceptible Objects and Change
1.2 Motion and Natural Motion
1.2.1 Motion and the Definition of Change
1.2.2 Motion and Place
1.2.3 Motion and Inertial Motion

2 E fficient Causality in Perceptible Objects
2.1 General Principles of Efficient Causality
2.1.1 Efficient Causality Belongs to Physical Agents
2.1.2 Causation by Internal Parts
2.1.3 Transmission Model of Causal Agency
2.1.4 Causation by Commensurate Powers
2.2 Mechanics and the Laws of Nature
2.2.1 No Action at a Distance
2.2.2 Proportion of Change to Physical Contact
2.2.3 Spatial Dissipation of Causal Influence
2.2.4 Combination of Causal Powers
2.2.5 Necessity of Prior Motion
2.2.6 P roportion between Cause and Effect
2.2.7 Like Produces Like
2.2.8 Universal Application and Experiments

3 The Material Causes of Perceptible Objects
3.1 The Definition of a Material Cause
3.2 Perceptible Matter and the Division of the Sciences
3.3 The Physical Requirements for Motion and Change
3.3.1 The Substratum of Physical Interaction
3.3.2 The Substratum of Locomotion
3.3.3 The Substratum of Generation and Destruction

4 The Material Elements and Prime Matter
4.1 The Common Substratum of the Material Elements
4.2 The Generation of the Material Elements

5 Simple Physical Necessity in the Material Elements
5.1 Simple versus Hypothetical Necessity
5.2 Simple Teleological Necessity in the Elements
5.3 Simple Non-Teleological Necessity in the Elements

6 Simple Physical Necessity in Objects Made out of the Elements
6.1 Simple Teleological Necessity in Perceptible Objects
6.2 Simple Non-Teleological Necessity in Perceptible Objects
6.3 Generation of Homogeneous Mixtures

7 The Dual Nature of Perceptible Objects
7.1 The Dual Nature of Physical Artefacts
7.2 The Many Natures of Natural Substances
7.3 The Difference between Natural Substances and Physical Artefacts
7.4 The Unity of Natural Substances

8 Matter and the Soul
8.1 The Soul as the Actuality of the Body
8.2 The Soul and Efficient Causality

9 The Role of Teleological Explanation
9.1 The Limits of Teleological Explanation
9.2 The Compatibility of Natural Teleology with Non-Teleological Necessity
9.3 The Dependence of Natural Teleology on Non-Teleological Necessity

10 C onclusion: The Independence of the Material Cause
10.1 The Material Cause and the Substratum of Generation
10.2 The Material Cause and Potentiality
10.3 The Material Cause and Definition
10.4 The Material Cause and Change

Works Cited
Index of Texts from Aristotle

Editorial Reviews

"Christopher Byrne presents compelling reasons to recognize that, for Aristotle, matter matters. Byrne successfully argues that Aristotle can only explain certain features of perceptible objects by appealing to their physical properties − or, to be more precise, their material natures. With this, Byrne contributes an important reason to reject the long-standing tradition of interpreting Aristotle’s works in a manner that would leave no room for such explanations." - Byron Stoyles, Department of Philosophy, Trent University