Armed With Expertise: The Militarization Of American Social Research During The Cold War by Joy RohdeArmed With Expertise: The Militarization Of American Social Research During The Cold War by Joy Rohde

Armed With Expertise: The Militarization Of American Social Research During The Cold War

byJoy Rohde

Hardcover | August 1, 2013

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During the height of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Pentagon launched a controversial counterinsurgency program called the Human Terrain System. The program embedded social scientists within military units to provide commanders with information about the cultures and grievances of local populations. Yet the controversy it inspired was not new. Decades earlier, similar national security concerns brought the Department of Defense and American social scientists together in the search for intellectual weapons that could combat the spread of communism during the Cold War. In Armed with Expertise, Joy Rohde traces the optimistic rise, anguished fall, and surprising rebirth of Cold War–era military-sponsored social research.

Seeking expert knowledge that would enable the United States to contain communism, the Pentagon turned to social scientists. Beginning in the 1950s, political scientists, social psychologists, and anthropologists optimistically applied their expertise to military problems, convinced that their work would enhance democracy around the world. As Rohde shows, by the late 1960s, a growing number of scholars and activists condemned Pentagon-funded social scientists as handmaidens of a technocratic warfare state and sought to eliminate military-sponsored research from American intellectual life. But the Pentagon’s social research projects had remarkable institutional momentum and intellectual flexibility. Instead of severing their ties to the military, the Pentagon’s experts relocated to a burgeoning network of private consulting agencies and for-profit research offices. Now shielded from public scrutiny, they continued to influence national security affairs. They also diversified their portfolios to include the study of domestic problems, including urban violence and racial conflict. In examining the controversies over Cold War social science, Rohde reveals the persistent militarization of American political and intellectual life, a phenomenon that continues to raise grave questions about the relationship between expert knowledge and American democracy.

Joy Rohde is Assistant Professor of Public Policy at the University of Michigan.
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Title:Armed With Expertise: The Militarization Of American Social Research During The Cold WarFormat:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.81 inPublished:August 1, 2013Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801449677

ISBN - 13:9780801449673

Reviews

Table of Contents

Introduction: Hearts, Minds, and Militarization

1. Creating the Gray Area: Scholars, Soldiers, and National Security

2. A Democracy of Experts: Knowledge and Politics in the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex

3. Deeper Shades of Gray: Ambition and Deception in Project Camelot

4. From Democratic Experts to "Automatic Cold Warriors": Dismantling the Gray Area in the Vietnam Era

5. Fade to Black: The Enduring Warfare State

Epilogue: Militarization without End?

Notes
Bibliography
Index

Editorial Reviews

"This accomplished and important book shows how the social sciences became enmeshed in a militarized system which has persisted, even grown, in recent years even as it moved off campus, making it less visible and therefore less controversial. Joy Rohde offers especially striking and disturbing material on the blowback of social science collaboration with the armed forces, as individuals and institutions moved beyond addressing threats abroad into assessing domestic disorder and attempting to control it." - Michael Sherry, Richard W. Leopold Professor of HistoryNorthwestern University, author of In the Shadow of War: The United States since the 1930s