Artspoke: A Guide to Modern Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, 1848-1944 by Robert AtkinsArtspoke: A Guide to Modern Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, 1848-1944 by Robert Atkins

Artspoke: A Guide to Modern Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, 1848-1944

byRobert Atkins

Paperback | April 1, 1993

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An invaluable guide through the intricacies of the first century of modern art,ArtSpokefeatures the same lucid prose, thought-provoking ideas, user-friendly organization, and striking design as its predecessor,ArtSpeak: A Guide to Contemporary Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords.
Chronicling international art from Realism through Surrealism,ArtSpokeexplains such popular but often misunderstood movements and organizations as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, the Salon, the Fauves, the Harlem Renaissance, and so on—as well as events ranging from the 1913 Armory Show to Brazil's little-known Semana de Arte Moderna. Concise explanations of potentially perplexing techniques, media, and philosophies of art making-including automatism, calotype, found object, Pictorialism, and Readymade-provide information essential to understanding how artists of this era worked and why the results look the way they do. Entries on concepts that were crucial to the development of modern art—such as androgyny, dandyism, femme fatale, spiritualism, and many others—distinguish this lively guide from any other art dictionary on the market.
Also unique to this volume is the ArtChart, a handy one-page chronological diagram of the groups discussed in the book. In addition, there is a scene-setting timeline of world history and art history from 1848 to 1944, overflowing with invaluable information and illustrated with twenty-four color reproductions.
Students, specialists, and casual art lovers will all findArtSpokean essential addition to their reference shelves and a welcome companion on visits to museums and galleries.
Robert Atkinsis an art critic, curator, and professor of art history. A regular columnist for the Village Voice, he is the recipient of awards for criticism from the National Endowment for the Arts and Manufacturers Hanover Bank. He lectures frequently about cultural politics and has curated exhibitions for the New Museum of Contempora...
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Title:Artspoke: A Guide to Modern Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, 1848-1944Format:PaperbackDimensions:224 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.72 inPublished:April 1, 1993Publisher:Abbeville Publishing Group

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1558593888

ISBN - 13:9781558593886

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Read from the Book

Introduction: A Users ManualWhen I visited museums as a child, I tuned out the art historical conversations that buzzed around me. Terms like Secession and Japonisme, Merz and Scuola Metafisica delighted me for their music and poetry but otherwise meant very little. Not until later did I realize the difficulty of communicating my thoughts and feelings about art without command of its language.Modern art--like every professional discipline--requires a specialized vocabulary for all but the most rudimentary communication. Even the term modern needs deciphering: in the context of this book it refers to the modern or modernist period, encompassing the mid-nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century. It is this century-long span that ArtSpoke surveys, identifying and defining the terminology essential for understanding modern art.Although the terms modern and contemporary can both be used to describe a newly made artwork, contemporary is most accurately used to describe art produced since World War II. That art is the subject of ArtSpokes companion volume, ArtSpeak: A Guide to Contemporary Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords. ArtSpoke begins with 1848, the year when revolution swept Europe and catalyzed profound social changes that contributed to the development of modern art. A few of the earlier movements, such as Romanticism, that proved crucial to the emergence of modern art are also included here.The terms discussed in this volume comprise art movements (such as Constructivism and Fauvism); art forms (found object, kinetic sculpture); critical terminology (formalism, psychoanalysis); and a smattering of key events and institutions (Armory Show, Bauhaus). It also includes influential social phenomena, such as spiritualism and anarchy, that were central to the formulation of modern art. Each term is explained in a concise essay, and the essays are arranged in alphabetical order. The entries that deal with groups and movements are divided into the journalistic categories of Who, When, Where, and What.Who is a list of the principal artists involved. Those whose names are capitalized are the pioneers or virtuosos of that approach. The nationality of the artist appears in parentheses after the name. In cases of artists who have lived and worked in more than one country, the nation with which they are most associated is the one cited. Thus, the Spanish-born Pablo Picasso is identified as French. Certain artists appear in several entries. The Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky, for instance, is listed under abstraction, Abstraction-Création, Bauhaus, Der Blaue Reiter, Die Brücke, and spiritualism.When signifies the moment of greatest vitality for a particular attitude toward, or method of, art making. The entry for Impressionism, for example, gives the dates 1870-1890, but some Impressionist artists carried on with the style well into the twentieth century.Where identifies the cities, countries, or continents in which a movement was centered. It does not mean that artists involved in that movement did not live or work in other places.What defines the origins, nature, and implications of the group or movement. Cross-references to other entries are capitalized.What is the best way to use this volume? That depends on who you are. ArtSpoke has been designed for different kinds of readers. The expert can use it to find specific facts--say the name of the critic who coined the term Neo-Impressionism or the location of the first international exposition. The student, collector, or casual art buff will find it useful to read the book from beginning to end, then return to it as needed, guidebook fashion. A timeline and an artchart put the material in chronological perspective; cross references and an extensive index ensure easy access to the information. The purpose of all these elements is to offer a new understanding of modern art--and a new pleasure in it.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents from: Artspoke
Artchart

Timeline and Color Plates

Introduction: A Users Guide

Abstract/Abstraction

Abstraction-Création

Academic Art

Aestheticism (see--Art For Arts Sake)

Allegory

American Abstract Artists (see--Abstraction-Création)

American Renaissance

American Scene Painting

Americanisme

Analytic Cubism (see--Cubism)

Anarchism

Androgyny

Armory Show

Art Deco

Art For Arts Sake

Art Nouveau

Arts and Crafts Movement

Artists Books (see--Book Art)

Ash Can School (see--The Eight)

Asociacion de Arte Constructivo (see--Abstraction-Création)

Assemblage

Automatic Art (see--Surrealism)

Automatism (see--Surrealism)

Avant-Garde (see--Modern/Modernism)

Barbizon School

Bauhaus

Biennial Exhibitions (see--Salon)

Biomorphism (see--Abstract/Abstraction)

Blaue Reiter (see--Der Blaue Reiter)

Blauen Vier (see--Der Blaue Reiter)

Bloomsbury Group

Blue Four (see--Der Blaue Reiter)

Blue Rider (see--Der Blaue Reiter)

Book Art

Bridge (see--Die Brücke)

Brücke (see--Die Brücke)

Calotype

Camden Town Group (see--Vorticism)

Cercle et Carre (see--Abstraction-Création)

Cloisonism (see--Symbolism)

Collage

Concrete Art

Constructivism

Content

Cubism

Cubo-Futurism

Dada

Daguerreotype

Dandyism

Decadents (see--Art For Arts Sake)

Decalcomania (see--Surrealism)

Degenerate Art (see--Nazi Art)

De Stijl

Der Blaue Reiter

Deutscher Werkbund (see--Bauhaus, Film und Foto)

Die Brücke

Divisionism (see--Neo-Impressionism)

Documentary Photography

Dynamism (see--Futurism)

Ecole de Paris (see--School of Paris)

The Eight

Elementarism (see--De Stijl)

Empathy (see--Abstract/Abstraction)

Euston Road Group (see--Realism)

Exhibition 1 (see--Abstraction-Création)

Exquisite Corpse (see--Surrealism)

Expressionism

Fascist Art

Fauvism

Federal Art Project

Femme Fatale

Figurative

Film und Foto

Fin de Siecle (see--Symbolism)

Folk Art (see--Naive Art)

Formal/Formalism

Found Object

Fourth Dimension (see--Spiritualism)

Frottage (see--Surrealism)

F/64 (see--Group F/64)

Futurism

Genre Painting (see--Academic Art)

German Expressionism (see--Der Blaue Reiter, Die Brücke)

Gesamtkunstwerk

Glasgow School

Group F/64

Group of Seven

Harlem Renaissance

Heidelberg School (see--9 x 5)

History Painting (see--Academic Art)

Hudson River School (see--Luminism)

Iconography

Idealism (see--Naturalism

Illustration (see--Book Art)

Impressionism

International Expositions

Intimisme

Ism

Itinerants (see--The Wanderers)

Japonisme

Jugendstil (see--Art Nouveau)

Kinetic Sculpture

LArt Pour LArt (see--Art For Arts Sake)

Linked Ring (see--Pictorialism)

Lithography

Livres dArtistes (see--Book Art)

Luminism

Macchiaioli

Magic Realism (see--Surrealism)

Manifesto

Marxism

Merz

Metaphysical School (see--Scuola Metafisica)

Mexican Murals

Mir Iskusstva (see--World of Art)

Mobile (see--Kinetic Sculpture)

Modern/Modernism

Nabis

Naive Art

Naturalism

Naturlyrismus

Nazarenes (see--Pre-Raphaelitism)

Nazi Art

Negritude (see--Harlem Renaissance)

Neoclassicism

Neo-Impressionism

Neo-Plasticism (see--De Stijl)

Neo-Primitivism

Neo-Romanticism

Neue Sachlichkeit

New Objectivity (see--Neue Sachlichkeit)

The New Sculpture

9 x 5

Nonobjective Art (see--Abstract/Abstraction)

Novecento Italiano (see--Fascist Art)

Novembergruppe (see--Bauhaus)

Official War Art

Omega Workshops (see--Bloomsbury Group)

Optical Realism (see--Impressionism)

Orientalism

Orphism

Osma

Papiers Colles (see--Collage)

Peintres Maudits (see--School of Paris)

Photogram

Photojournalism

Photomontage (see--Collage)

Photo-Secession (see--Pictorialism)

Pictorialism

Pittura Metafisica (see--Scuola Metafisica)

Pointillism (see--Neo-Impressionism)

Pont-Aven School (see--Nabis)

Popular Culture

Post-Impressionism

Precisionism

Pre-Raphaelitism

Primitivism

Productivism (see--Constructivism)

Proun

Psychoanalysis

Purism

Puteaux Group

Quietism (see--Tonalism)

Rayograph (see--Photogram)

Rayonism

Readymade (see--Found Object)

Realism

Regionalism (see--American Scene Painting)

Revivalism (see--Academic Art)

Romanticism

Rosicrucianism (see--Spiritualism)

Russian Avant-Garde (see--Constructivism, Cubo-Futurism, Neo-Primitivism, Rayonism, Suprematism)

Salon

Salon des Independants

Salon des Refuses

Schadograph (see--Photogram)

School of Paris

Scuola Metafisica

Secession

Section dOr (see--Puteaux Group)

Semana de Arte Moderna

Significant Form (see--Formalism)

Simultaneity (see--Space-Time Continuum)

Skupina Vytvarych Umelcu (see--Osma)

Social Realism

Societe Anonyme

Sonderbund Exhibition (see--Armory Show)

Space-Time Continuum

Spiritualism

Straight Photography

Style

Suprematism

Surrealism

Swedenborgianism (see--Spiritualism)

Symbolism

Synchromism

Synesthesia (see--Abstract/Abstraction)

Synthetic Cubism (see--Cubism)

Synthetism (see--Symbolism)

Theater Design (see--Gesamtkunstwerk)

Theosophy (see--Spiritualism)

Tonalism

Transcendental Painting Group (see--Spiritualism)

Travelers (see--The Wanderers)

291

Viennese School (see--Iconography)

Les Vingt

Vkhutemas (see--Bauhaus)

Vorticism

The Wanderers

Wiener Werkstätte (see--Arts and Crafts Movement)

World of Art

Worlds Fairs (see--International Expositions)

WPA (see--Federal Art Project)

Zaum (see--Spiritualism)

Acknowledgments

Index