Associates: Four Capitalists Who Created California by Richard RaynerAssociates: Four Capitalists Who Created California by Richard Rayner

Associates: Four Capitalists Who Created California

byRichard Rayner

Paperback | January 13, 2009

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One hundred forty years ago, four shopkeepers in Sacramento, California, rose to become the force behind the American transcontinental railroad, achieving along the way wealth beyond measure. To build influence and maintain power, they lied, bribed, and, when necessary, arranged for obstacles, both human and legal, to disappear. Their names were Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins, and they were known as "The Big Four" or "The Associates." Their drive for money—nothing more, nothing less—was epic. Their legacy is a university, public gardens, museums, mansions, banks, and libraries—and to a large degree, California itself. A captivating chronicle of a crucial period in American urban expansion, The Associates is a true-to-life tale of ruthless ambition, staggering greed, and the making of a nation.
Richard Rayner is the author of two works of nonfiction and five novels. His work appears in The New Yorker and other publications. He lives in Los Angeles, California.
Title:Associates: Four Capitalists Who Created CaliforniaFormat:PaperbackDimensions:224 pages, 8 × 5.4 × 0.5 inPublished:January 13, 2009Publisher:WW NortonLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0393333612

ISBN - 13:9780393333619

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Rated 3 out of 5 by from unlike LA Without A Map Richard Raymer wrote one of the best books on El Lay ever (LA Without A Map) but in this one he lacks maybe the background in the subject matter to give a clearer and concise picture to the whole. It was hard keeping the characters straight.
Date published: 2016-12-24

Editorial Reviews

An astute and literate history…an artful account. — BusinessWeek