At the Border of Empires: The Tohono O'odham, Gender, and Assimilation, 1880-1934 by Andrae M. MarakAt the Border of Empires: The Tohono O'odham, Gender, and Assimilation, 1880-1934 by Andrae M. Marak

At the Border of Empires: The Tohono O'odham, Gender, and Assimilation, 1880-1934

byAndrae M. Marak, Laura Tuennerman

Hardcover | March 14, 2013

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The story of the Tohono O’odham peoples offers an important account of assimilation. Bifurcated by a border demarcating Mexico and the United States that was imposed on them after the Gadsden Purchase in 1853, the Tohono O’odham lived at the edge of two empires. Although they were often invisible to the majority cultures of the region, they attracted the attention of reformers and government officials in the United States, who were determined to “assimilate” native peoples into “American society.” By focusing on gender norms and ideals in the assimilation of the Tohono O’odham, At the Border of Empires provides a lens for looking at both Native American history and broader societal ideas about femininity, masculinity, and empire around the turn of the twentieth century.

Beginning in the 1880s, the US government implemented programs to eliminate “vice” among the Tohono O’odham and to encourage the morals of the majority culture as the basis of a process of “Americanization.” During the next fifty years, tribal norms interacted with—sometimes conflicting with and sometimes reinforcing—those of the larger society in ways that significantly shaped both government policy and tribal experience. This book examines the mediation between cultures, the officials who sometimes developed policies based on personal beliefs and gender biases, and the native people whose lives were impacted as a result. These issues are brought into useful relief by comparing the experiences of the Tohono O’odham on two sides of a border that was, from a native perspective, totally arbitrary.
Andrae M. Marak is a chair of humanities and social sciences and a professor of history and political science at Governors State University. He is the co-editor (with Elaine Carey) of Smugglers, Brothels, and Twine: Historical Perspectives on Contraband and Vice in North America's Borderlands. Laura Tuennerman is Chair of the Departmen...
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Title:At the Border of Empires: The Tohono O'odham, Gender, and Assimilation, 1880-1934Format:HardcoverDimensions:232 pages, 9.3 × 6.2 × 0.83 inPublished:March 14, 2013Publisher:UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA PRESSLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0816521158

ISBN - 13:9780816521159

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Reviews

Editorial Reviews

"At the Border of Empires forms an important part of the growing body of scholarship on Native American assimilation during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries."—Journal of American History

“What sets this book apart from other scholarship on gender and assimilation is that the authors examine the experiences of the Tohono O’odham on both sides of the border.”—Gender and History