Attention and Associative Learning: From Brain to Behaviour

Hardcover | September 4, 2010

EditorChris Mitchell, Mike Le Pelley

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Attention and learning are two of the most important topics in contemporary cognitive psychology and behavioural neuroscience. Of even more interest is how the two interact. Meaningful stimuli and their meaningful effects are invariably embedded in a complex background of meaninglessinformation. Yet, in order to learn about meaningful relationships between events, an organism needs to be able to extract the relevant from the irrelevant. The ability to direct attention selectively to some stimuli and away from others is one fundamental mechanism by which this filtering ofinformation can occur. But what controls this selective attention? Why are certain stimuli selected and others rejected? What are the neural mechanisms underlying this ability? Are they the same in humans as in other animals? And what are the consequences of damage to this attentional system? Theseare the questions that this book aims to answer.The idea of an interaction between attention and learning has experienced a huge surge of interest in recent years. Advances in behavioural neuroscience have made it possible to investigate the neural basis of attention mechanisms; advances in connectionist modelling techniques have allowed us toimplement and test more complex computational models of the operation of these mechanisms; and recent studies have implicated impairments in the ability to deploy selective attention appropriately in disorders such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's Disease.This book brings together leading international learning and attention researchers to provide both a comprehensive and wide-ranging overview of the current state of knowledge of this area as well as new perspectives and directions for the future. There are coherent themes that run throughout thebook, but there are also, inevitably, fundamental disagreements between contributors on the role of attention in learning. Together, the views expressed in this book paint a picture of a vibrant and exciting area of psychological research, and will be essential reading for researchers of learningand attention.

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Attention and learning are two of the most important topics in contemporary cognitive psychology and behavioural neuroscience. Of even more interest is how the two interact. Meaningful stimuli and their meaningful effects are invariably embedded in a complex background of meaninglessinformation. Yet, in order to learn about meaningful...

Dr Mitchell studied for his BSc and PhD in psychology, and also conducted 3 years of post-doctoral research, at University College London (1987-1997). His PhD examined conditioning effects in cancer chemotherapy using a rat model, and was supervised by Prof Cecelia Heyes. His post-doc, also with Prof Heyes, concerned an investigation...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:424 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:September 4, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199550530

ISBN - 13:9780199550531

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Table of Contents

1. Chris J. Mitchell and Mike E. Le Pelley: An introduction to attention and learning2. John M Pearce and Nicholas J. Mackintosh: Two theories of attention: A review and a possible integration3. Lee Hogarth, Anthony Dickinson and Theodora Duka: Selective attention to conditioned stimuli in human discrimination learning: Untangling the effects of outcome prediction, valence, arousal and uncertainty4. Geoffrey Hall and Gabriel Rodriguez: Attentional learning5. Nathan M. Holmes and Justin A. Harris: Latent inhibition6. I.P.L. McLaren , A.J. Wills and S. Graham: Attention and perceptual learning7. Robert C. Honey, James Close and E. Lin: Acquired distinctiveness and equivalence: A synthesis8. M. E. Le Pelley: Attention and human associative learning9. Philip Quinlan: On the use of the term 'attention'10. Chris J. Mitchell: Attention and memory in human learning11. JohnK.Kruschke and Stephen E. Denton: Backward blocking of relevance-indicating cues:Evidence for locally eayesian learning12. Peter C. Holland and Jean-Marie Maddux: Brain systems of attention in associative learning13. David N. George, Anais M. Duffaud and Simon Killcross: Neural correlates of attentional set14. Adam Hampshire and Adrian M. Owen: Clinical studies of attention and learning