Attention and Time

Hardcover | May 1, 2010

EditorAnna C. Nobre, Jennifer T. Coull

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Our ability to selectively attend to our surroundings - taking notice of the things that matter, and ignoring those that don't - is crucial if we are to efficiently negotiate the world around us. However, a number of factors influence just how and why we might pay attention to one thing, butnot another. An important and often neglected factor is time. For example, the temporal proximity between the appearance of two events might make us assume they are causally related in some way. We also know that the temporal space between the appearance of two related stimuli can be important ifboth are to be recognised. Then there are issues regarding our own perception of time passing - and how this can itself be influenced by what we attend to. In comparison to the vast and long-standing literature on spatial aspects of attention, temporal aspects of attention have been relativelyneglected.Attention and Time is the first book in years to explore this fascinating topic. It presents thirty chapters from internationally recognised experts in the field, carefully organised into three stand-alone, yet extensively cross-referenced, themed sections. Each section focuses on distinct ways inwhich attention and time influence one another. These sections, each encompassing a range of methodologies from classical cognitive psychology to single-cell neurophysiology, provide functionally unifying frameworks to help guide the reader through the many various experimental and theoreticalapproaches adopted. Section 1 considers variations of attention across time, and explores how attentional allocation is limited by very short or very long intervals of time. Section 2 describes several types of temporal illusion, illustrating how attention can modulate the perception of the passage of time itself. "Awatched pot never boils", and conversely, "time flies when you're having fun" nicely capture the experimental observation that the degree of attention allocated to stimulus timing contributes to its subjective duration. Finally, Section 3 examines how attention can be directed in time, topredictable or expected moments in time, so as to optimise behaviour. Bringing conceptually discrete, yet functionally related, fields of temporal attention research together within a single volume, this book provides a comprehensive overview that will be of value to the interested novice in cognitive neuroscience, whilst also inspiring experts in the field to make,perhaps previously overlooked, links with their own field of research.

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Our ability to selectively attend to our surroundings - taking notice of the things that matter, and ignoring those that don't - is crucial if we are to efficiently negotiate the world around us. However, a number of factors influence just how and why we might pay attention to one thing, butnot another. An important and often neglected...

Anna Christina De Ozorio Nobre is a neuroscientist working in the United Kingdom. She is Tutorial Fellow in Experimental Psychology at New College, Oxford and Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Oxford, where she heads the Brain and Cognition Laboratory in the Department of Experimental Psychology. In collaboratio...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:472 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.01 inPublished:May 1, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199563454

ISBN - 13:9780199563456

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Table of Contents

Section 1: Attention is Limited in Time1. Amelia R. Hunt, Wieske van Zoest, Alan Kingstone: Attending to emerging representations: the importance of task context and time of response2. Juan Lupianez: Inhibition of return3. Kimron L. Shapiro and Jane E. Raymond: The Attentional blink: temporal constraints on consciousness4. Christian N. L. Olivers: The attentional boost and the attentional blink5. Mariano Sigman: A stream of thought: temporal organization of mental operations6. Ian H. Robertson and Redmond O'Connell: Vigilant attention7. Charles Spence: Prior entry: attention and temporal perceptionSection 2: Time perception is modulated by attention, perception and action8. Scott W. Brown: Timing, resources, and interference: attentional modulation of time perception9. Eric Ruthruff and Harold Pashler: Mental timing and the central attentional bottleneck10. Peter Ulric Tse: Attention underlies subjective temporal expansion11. David M. Eagleman: Duration illusions and predictability12. Kielan Yarrow: Temporal dilation: the chronostasis illusion and spatial attention13. Concetta Morrone and David Burr: Space-time in the brain14. Alan Johnston: Modulation of time perception by visual adaptation15. Marc J. Buehner: Temporal bindingSection 3: Directing Attention in Time Enhances Perception and ActionSection 3a: Temporal Predictions Inherent in the Temporal Structure of Events16. Annika Wagener and Joachim Hoffmann: Behavioural adaptation to redundant frequency distributions in time17. Bettina Rolke and Rolf Ulrich: On the locus of temporal preparation: enhancement of pre-motor processes?18. Boris Burle, Christophe Tandonnet and Thierry Hasbroucq: Excitatory and inhibitory motor mechanisms of temporal preparation19. Bjorg Elisabeth Kilavik and Alexa Riehle: Timing structures neuronal activity during preparation for action20. Christopher D. Fiorillo: The neural basis of temporal prediction and the role of dopamine21. Sander A. Los: Foreperiod and Sequential Effects: theory and data22. Antonino Vallesi: Neuroanatomical substrates of foreperiod effects23. Mari Riess Jones: Attending to sound patterns and the role of entrainment24. Peter Praamstra: Electrophysiological markers of foreperiod effects25. Ricarda I. Schubotz: Neural bases of rhythm predictionSection 3b: Temporal Predictions Guided by Endogenous Cues26. Angel Correa: Enhancing behavioural performance by visual temporal orienting27. Anna Christina Nobre: How can temporal expectations bias perception and action?28. Kathrin Lange and Brigitte Roder: Temporal orienting in audition, touch, and across modalities29. Britt Anderson and David L. Sheinberg: Neurophysiology of temporal orienting in ventral visual stream30. Viviane Pouthas and Micha Pfeuty: Temporal prediction during duration perception31. Jennifer Coull: Neural substrates of temporal attentional orienting