Our ability to selectively attend to our surroundings - taking notice of the things that matter, and ignoring those that don't - is crucial if we are to efficiently negotiate the world around us. However, a number of factors influence just how and why we might pay attention to one thing, butnot another. An important and often neglected factor is time. For example, the temporal proximity between the appearance of two events might make us assume they are causally related in some way. We also know that the temporal space between the appearance of two related stimuli can be important ifboth are to be recognised. Then there are issues regarding our own perception of time passing - and how this can itself be influenced by what we attend to. In comparison to the vast and long-standing literature on spatial aspects of attention, temporal aspects of attention have been relativelyneglected.Attention and Time is the first book in years to explore this fascinating topic. It presents thirty chapters from internationally recognised experts in the field, carefully organised into three stand-alone, yet extensively cross-referenced, themed sections. Each section focuses on distinct ways inwhich attention and time influence one another. These sections, each encompassing a range of methodologies from classical cognitive psychology to single-cell neurophysiology, provide functionally unifying frameworks to help guide the reader through the many various experimental and theoreticalapproaches adopted. Section 1 considers variations of attention across time, and explores how attentional allocation is limited by very short or very long intervals of time. Section 2 describes several types of temporal illusion, illustrating how attention can modulate the perception of the passage of time itself. "Awatched pot never boils", and conversely, "time flies when you're having fun" nicely capture the experimental observation that the degree of attention allocated to stimulus timing contributes to its subjective duration. Finally, Section 3 examines how attention can be directed in time, topredictable or expected moments in time, so as to optimise behaviour. Bringing conceptually discrete, yet functionally related, fields of temporal attention research together within a single volume, this book provides a comprehensive overview that will be of value to the interested novice in cognitive neuroscience, whilst also inspiring experts in the field to make,perhaps previously overlooked, links with their own field of research.