Autism and Talent by Francesca HappeAutism and Talent by Francesca Happe

Autism and Talent

EditorFrancesca Happe, Uta Frith

Hardcover | April 11, 2010

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Autism spectrum conditions affect as many as one in a hundred people. One of the most startling aspects of this social-communication disorder is the high rate of special, or savant, skills. Around 10% of people with autism are thought to have a striking skill in music, art, calculation, ormemory. So why might people with severe social-communication impairments be predisposed to develop perfect pitch, photographic-like memory, or lightening calculation? This book explores the puzzle of talent and its close association with autism. Expert contributors from many areas of both science and the arts describe the latest research - using brain scanning, experimental tasks, twin studies, and case histories of extraordinary savants. It considers many of thepuzzling questions the relationship between autism and talent raises: Do similar genetic effects predispose for talent and for autism? What is the role of obsessive practice? Could we all become savants? What is special in the brains of people with savant skills? Is detail-focus at the root oftalent in ASD and non-ASD individuals? How can talents best be fostered in children and adults with social and communication difficulties? With contributions from some of the leading authorities in the world, the book tries to unravel the mystery of savant skills in autism, as well as reflecting on the very different way that people with autism (with or without talent) see and understand the world. It will be of great interest to abroad readership across the sciences, arts, and humanities
Francesca Happe is Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre at the Institute of Psychiatry (King's College London). She studied Experimental Psychology at Oxford, and did her PhD on autism at UCL. Her research interests centre on autism and Asperger Syndrome. She has conducted...
Title:Autism and TalentFormat:HardcoverDimensions:248 pagesPublished:April 11, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199560145

ISBN - 13:9780199560141


Table of Contents

1. Francesca Happe and Uta Frith: Introduction: The beautiful otherness of the autistic mind2. Darold A. Treffert: The savant syndrome: an extraordinary condition.3. Patricia Howlin, Susan Goode, Jane Hutton, Michael Rutter: Savant skills in autism: psychometric approaches and parental reports4. Francesca Happe, Pedro Vital: What aspects of autism predispose to talent?5. Simon Baron-Cohen, Emma Ashwin, Chris Ashwin, Teresa Tavassoli, Bhismadev Chakrabarti: Talent in autism: hyper-systemizing, hyper-attentin to detail, and sensory hypersensitivity6. Laurent Mottron, Michelle Dawson, Isabelle Soulieres: Enhanced perception in savant syndrome: patterns, structure, and creativity7. Kate Plaisted Grant, Greg Davis: Perception and appreception in autism: rejecting the inverse assumption8. Allan Snyder: Explaining and inducing savant skills: privileged access to lower level, less processed information9. Katherine Woollett, Eleanor A. Maguire, and Hugo J. Spiers: Talent in the taxi: a model system for exploring expertise10. Richard Cowan and Chris Frith: Do calendrical savants use calculation to answer date questions? A functional magnetic resonance imaging study11. Gregory L. Wallace, Francesca Happe, and Jay N. Giedd: A case study of a multiply talented savant with an autism spectrum disorder12. Manuel Casonova and Juan Trippe: Radical Cytoarchitecture and patterns of cortical connectivity in autism13. Temple Grandin: How does visual thinking work in the mind of a person with autism? A personal account14. Pamel Heaton: Assessing musical skills in autistic children who are not savants15. Jennifer E. Drake and Ellen Winner: Precocious realists: perceptual and cognitive characteristics associated with drawing talent in non-autistic children16. Roger Cardinal: Outsider Art and the Autistic Creator17. Ian Hacking: Autistic Autobiography18. Douwe Draaisma: Stereotypes of Autism