Avian Urban Ecology: Behavioural and Physiological Adaptations

Paperback | December 14, 2013

EditorDiego Gil, Henrik Brumm

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As natural habitat continues to be lost and the world steadily becomes more urbanized, biologists are increasingly studying the effect this has on wildlife. Birds are particularly good model systems since their life history, behaviour, and physiology are especially influenced by directlymeasurable environmental factors such as light and sound pollution. It is therefore relatively easy to compare urban individuals and populations with their rural counterparts. This accessible text focuses on the behavioural and physiological mechanisms which facilitate adaptation and on theevolutionary process that ensues. It discusses topics such as acoustics, reproductive cues, disease, and artificial feeding, and includes a series of case studies illustrating cutting edge research on these areas. Avian Urban Ecology is suitable for professional avian biologists and ornithologists as well as graduate students of avian ecology, evolution, and conservation. It will also be of relevance and use to a more general audience of urban ecologists and conservation biologists.

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As natural habitat continues to be lost and the world steadily becomes more urbanized, biologists are increasingly studying the effect this has on wildlife. Birds are particularly good model systems since their life history, behaviour, and physiology are especially influenced by directlymeasurable environmental factors such as light an...

Diego Gil is a senior scientist at the Spanish Research Council (CSIC), and he is based at the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales in Madrid. His main interests are the study of bird song and the transmission of hormones in avian eggs. He combines an evolutionary ecology perspective with the study of the proximal physiological mechan...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.46 inPublished:December 14, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199661588

ISBN - 13:9780199661589

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart 1: The Urban Environment1. The challenges of urban living2. The impact of artificial light on avian ecology3. Wild bird feeding (probably) affects avian urban ecologyPart 2: Behaviour and Physiology4. Attention, habituation, and antipredator behaviour: implications for urban birds5. Behavioral and ecological predictors of urbanization6. Acoustic communication in the urban environment: patterns, mechanisms, and potential consequences of avian song adjustments7. The impact of anthropogenic noise on avian communication and fitness8. Reproductive adaptations of urban birds: environmental cues and mechanisms9. The impacts of urbanization on avian disease transmission and emergencePart 3: Evolutionary Processes10. Understanding the mechanisms of phenotypic responses following colonization of urban areas: From plastic to genetic adaptation11. Landscape genetics of urban bird populations12. Reconciling innovation and adaptation during recurrent colonization of urban environments: molecular, genetic, and developmental basesPart 4: Case Studies13. Acoustic, morphological and genetic adaptations to urban habitats in the silvereye (Zosterops lateralis)14. Human-induced changes in the dynamics of species coexistence: an example with two sister species15. The application of signal transmission modelling in conservation biology: on the possible impact of a projected motorway on avian communication16. The importance of wooded urban green areas for breeding birds: a case study from Northern Finland