Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications

Hardcover | May 15, 2001

byNam Pyo Suh

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Design education, research, and practice have recently seen considerable evolution as university programs, researchers, journals, and conferences systematize design as a discipline and science. Nam P. Suh's book Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications contributes to this systematic andscientific base and presents a fresh perspective on design, establishing a rational framework for the discipline. The book follows Suh's successful publication, The Principles of Design (OUP 1990), although the two books are substantially different in both content and approach. The first threechapters of Axiomatic Design cover the fundamental principles of axiomatic design. The following chapters offer a complete treatment of the design of systems, software, materials and materials processing, manufacturing systems, and product design. Suh shows how a scientific and systematic approachto design improves efficiency, productivity, savings, reliability, and quality for industries that currently rely on ad hoc design systems; Axiomatic Design contains the principles and practical knowledge necessary to achieve these improvements. Perfect for senior and graduate design and mechanicalengineering students as well as professional engineers, this unique text offers the tools necessary to design with ease and elegance and serves as a stepping-stone in the ever-evolving intellectual science of design. Features * Applies the principles of axiomatic design to a variety of real-life situations including mechanism design, software engineering, and basic business processes * Includes numerous integrated case studies using axiomatic design to solve real-life design challenges * Draws material from consulting cases with industrial firms throughout the world * Requires no prerequisite reading (The Principles of Design can be read for clarification)

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Design education, research, and practice have recently seen considerable evolution as university programs, researchers, journals, and conferences systematize design as a discipline and science. Nam P. Suh's book Axiomatic Design: Advances and Applications contributes to this systematic andscientific base and presents a fresh perspectiv...

Nam Pyo Suh is at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Format:HardcoverPublished:May 15, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195134664

ISBN - 13:9780195134667

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsOn the MIT-Pappalardo Series of Mechanical Engineering BooksOn the CIRP Design Book Series1. Introduction to Axiomatic Design1.1. Introduction1.2. Current State of Design Practice1.3. Who Are the Designers? How Do We Design? What Is Design?1.4. What Is the Ultimate Goal of Axiomatic Design?1.5. Role of Axioms in Development of Science and Technology: A Historical Perspective1.6. Axiomatic Approach versus Algorithmic Approach1.7. Axiomatic Design Framework1.7.1. The Concept of Domains1.7.2. Definitions1.7.3. Mapping from Customer Needs to Functional Requirements1.7.4. The First Axiom: The Independence Axiom1.7.5. Ideal Design, Redundant Design, and Coupled Designs: A Matter of Relative Numbers of DPs and FRs1.7.6. Examples Involving Decoupling of Coupled Designs1.7.7. Decomposition, Zigzagging, and Hierarchy1.7.8. Requirements for Concurrent Engineering1.7.9. The Second Axiom: The Information Axiom1.7.10. Reduction of the Information Content: Robust Design1.7.10.1. Elimination of Bias1.7.10.2. Reduction of Variance1.7.11. Reduction of the Information Content through Integration of DPs1.7.12. Designing with Incomplete Information1.8. Common Mistakes Made by Designers1.9. Comparison of Axiomatic Design with Other Methodologies1.10. SummaryReferencesAppendix 1A Corollaries and TheoremsHomework2. One-FR Design, the Information Axiom, and Robust Design2.1. Introduction2.2. Introduction to One-FR Design2.2.1. One-FR Design versus Multi-FR Design2.2.2. Minimization of the Information Content2.3. Design Issues for the One-FR Design2.4. One-FR Design and Information Content2.4.1. One-FR Design with No Constraints2.4.1.1. Robustness through Lower Stiffness2.4.1.2. Stiffness and Response Rate2.4.1.3. Robust Design by Making the System "Immune" to Variation2.4.2. One-FR Design with Constraints2.4.3 Nonlinear One-FR Design with Constraints. 2.5. Elimination of Bias and Reduction of Variance2.6. Robust Design2.6.1. Determination of Tolerances for Robust Design2.6.2. Effect of Noise on FRs in Design and Manufacturing2.6.3. Robustness and the Rate of Response in Nonlinear Design2.7. Design Process2.8. SummaryReferencesAppendix 2A Stress in a Thick Wall TubeAppendix 2B Discrete Random Variables: Expected Values, Variance, and Standard DeviationAppendix 2C Continuous Random Variables: Expected Value, Variance, Standard Deviation, and Multivariate Random VariablesHomework3. Multi-FR Design3.1. Introduction3.2. Brief Review of Axiomatic Theory for Multi-FR Designs3.3. The Independence Axiom and the Information Axiom: Their Implications for a Multi-FR Design Task3.4. On Ideal Multi-FR Design3.5. Uncoupled and Decoupled Multi-FR Designs3.5.1. Propagation of Tolerances in Uncoupled, Decoupled, and Coupled Designs and Its Implications for Design Robustness3.5.2. Examples of Mulit-FR Design3.6. Information Content, Complexity, and Noise of Multi-FR Design3.6.1. The Relationship between Complexity and Information Content3.6.2. Determination of Information Content of Uncoupled, Decoupled, and Coupled Designs3.6.3. Accommodating Noise in the Design Process3.7. Integration of DPs to Minimize the Information Content3.8. Nonlinear Multi-FR Design3.9. Design of Dispatching Rules and Schedules: Avoiding Traffic Congestion3.9.1. Dispatching Rules and the Independence Axiom3.9.2. Scheduling3.10. Axiomatic Design Basis for Robust Design3.10.1. One-FR Design3.10.2. Multi-FR Design3.10.3. Information Content of Multi-FR Design3.11. SummaryReferencesAppendix 3A. Independence of the Two Design AxiomsAppendix 3B. Corollaries and Theorems Related to Information and ComplexityAppendix 3C. Probability of Success of Decoupled and Uncoupled Designs When There Is No BiasAppendix 3D. Why Coupling in Design Should Be AvoidedHomework4. Design of Systems4.1. Introduction4.2. Issues Related to System Design4.3. Classification of Systems4.4. Axiomatic Design Theory for Fixed Systems4.5. Design and Operation of Large Systems4.5.1. Introduction to Large-System Issues4.5.2. What Is a Large System?4.5.3. Definition of a Large Flexible System4.5.4. Axiomatic Design of a Large Flexible System4.5.5. Systems Synthesis through Physical Integration of DPs4.5.6. On Designing the Best Large Flexible System4.5.7. Theorems Related to the Design of Large Systems4.6. Representation of the System Architecture of Fixed Systems4.6.1. Hierarchies in Design Domains through Decomposition of FRs, DPs, and PVs: A Representation of the System Architecture4.6.2. Design Matrix and Module-Junction Diagrams: Another Means of System Representation4.6.3. Flow Diagram: A Representation of System Architecture4.6.4. System Control Command4.7. Mathematical Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of Systems4.8. Application of the Flow Diagram of the System Architecture4.9. On Human-Machine Interface4.10. SummaryReferencesHomework5. Axiomatic Design of Software5.1. Introduction5.2. Axiomatic Design Theory for Software Design5.2.1. Review of the Axiomatic Design Process for Software5.2.3. Application of the Flow Diagram5.3. Software Design Process5.4. Axiomatic Design of Object-Oriented Software Systems5.4.1. Object-Oriented Techniques5.4.2. Modified OOT for Compatibility with Axiomatic Design5.4.3. Basics of Axiomatic Design of Object-Oriented Software Systems5.5. Axiomatic Design of Object-Oriented Software System for Designers: Acclaro Software5.5.1. Introduction5.5.2. Axiomatic Design of Acclaro Software5.5.3. Axiomatic Design on the FR1141 Branch5.5.4. Object-Oriented Model: Bottom-Up Approach5.5.5. Coding with the System Architecture5.6. Design of Rapid-Prototyping Software for Real-Time Control of Hardware/Software System5.7. An Ideal Software System5.8. Other Issues Related to Software Design5.8.1. Reusability5.8.2. Extensionality5.8.3. Knowledge and Information Requirements in Software Design5.9. Implications of the Information Axiom in Software Design5.9.1. Qualitative Implementation of the Information Axiom5.9.2. Quantitative Measure of the Information Content5.10. SummaryReferencesHomework6. Axiomatic Design of Manufacturing Systems6.1. Introduction6.2. Basic Requirements of a Manufacturing System6.3. Elements of Manufacturing Systems6.4. Axiomatic Design of Fixed Manufacturing Systems for Identical Parts6.4.1. Highest Level Design of a Fixed Manufacturing System6.4.2. Analytical Solutions for Queues in Decouplers6.5. Axiomatic Design of a Flexible Manufacturing System for Different Types of Parts6.6. Mathematical Modeling and Optimization of Design6.7. Representation of Manufacturing System Architecture6.8. SummaryReferencesHomework7. Axiomatic Design of Materials and Materials-Processing Techniques7.1. Introduction7.2. Mixalloys7.2.1. History of Mixalloys7.2.2. Design of Dispersion-Strengthened Metals: Mapping from the Functional Domain to the Physical Domain7.2.3. Design of the Process: Mapping from the Physical Domain to the Process Domain7.2.4. Further Development of the Process7.2.4.1. Rapid Solidification7.2.4.2. Metering the Flow Rate of Two Streams7.2.4.3. Final Processing7.2.5. Mixalloy Equipment7.2.6. Properties of Mixalloys: Dispersion-Strengthened Copper7.3. Microcellular Plastics7.3.1. Introduction to Microcellular Plastics7.3.2. Design of a Batch Process7.3.3. Design of Continuous Process7.3.3.1. Brief Introduction to the Physics of the Process7.3.3.2. Design of a Continuous Process7.3.4. Performance of Microcellular Plastics7.3.5. Other Advantages of the MuCell Process7.4. Layered Manufacturing Processes for Rapid Prototyping7.4.1. Design of Layered Manufacturing Processes7.4.2. Information Content of Layered Manufacturing Processes7.5. SummaryReferencesHomework8. Product Development8.1 Introduction. 8.1.1. Important Questions to Ask before Developing a New Product8.1.2. Basic Requirements of Product Manufacture8.1.3. How Should Companies Avoid Making Mistakes during Product Development?8.1.4. What Have Universitites Done in This Area?8.1.5. Customization of Products to Satisfy Individual Customers8.1.6. Total Quality Management (TQM)8.2. Mapping from the Customer Domain to the Functional Domain8.2.1. For Existing Products8.2.2. For New Innovative Products8.3. Mapping from FRs to DPs8.3.1. Decomposition of FS2 and DP28.4. Application of the Information Axiom8.4.1. General Criteria8.4.2. Error Budgeting8.5. Case Study: Depth Charge8.5.1. Case Study Background8.5.2. Effectively Searching for Potential Design Solutions8.5.3. Design of the Depth Charge Initiator8.5.3.1. Problem Definition8.5.3.2. Highest Level of FRs and DPs8.5.3.3. Decomposing the Initiatior (FR1) Design of Subsystems8.5.3.5. Final Comments on the Case Study8.6. Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (CMP) Machine8.6.1. Design of the Mechanical System8.6.1.1. Design through Decomposition8.6.1.2. Master Design Matrix (Full Design Matrix) Overall System Design8.6.2. Axiomatic Development of CMP a Machine Control System8.6.2.1. System Level8.6.2.2. Application Level8.6.2.3. Sequence Level8.6.2.4. System Integration8.7. Concurrent Engineering: Mapping from FR to DP to PV8.8. Product Service8.9. System Architecture8.10. SummaryReferencesHomework9. A Theory of Complexity: The Design Axioms, Information, Complexity, and Periodicity9.1. Introduction9.2. Complexity, Uncertainty, Information, and Periodicity9.2.1. Preliminary Remarks9.2.2. Definition of Complexity9.2.3. Time-Independent Complexities: Real Complexity, Imaginary Complexity, and Absolute Complexity9.2.3.1. Real Complexity9.2.3.2. Imaginary Complexity9.2.3.3. Absolute Complexity9.2.4. Time-Dependent Complexity: Combinatorial Complexity and Periodic Complexity. 9.3. Reduction of Uncertainty: Conversion of a Design with Time-Dependent Combinatorial Complexity to a Design with Time-Dependent Periodic Complexity9.4. Distinction between Time-Independent and Time-Dependent Complexities9.5. Other Implications of the Design Axioms and Periodic Complexity: A Speculation9.5.1. Nature9.5.2. Biological Systems and Living Beings9.5.3. Artificial Systems9.6. Complexity of Natural Phenomena9.7. SummaryReferenceHomeworkIndex

Editorial Reviews

"Axiomatic design has the potential to impact every part of design, extending well beyond engineering. This is one of the most important and powerful concepts to come out of engineering in the last 100 years." --Christopher Brown, Worcester Polytechnic Institute