Baetica Felix: People and Prosperity in Southern Spain from Caesar to Septimius Severus

Paperback | August 1, 2009

byEvan W. Haley

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Baetica, the present-day region of Andalusia in southern Spain, was the wealthiest province of the Roman Empire. Its society was dynamic and marked by upward social and economic mobility, as the imperial peace allowed the emergence of a substantial middle social and economic stratum. Indeed, so mutually beneficial was the imposition of Roman rule on the local population of Baetica that it demands a new understanding of the relationship between Imperial Rome and its provinces.

Baetica Felix builds a new model of Roman-provincial relations through a socio-economic history of the province from Julius Caesar to the end of the second century A.D. Describing and analyzing the impact of Roman rule on a core province, Evan Haley addresses two broad questions: what effect did Roman rule have on patterns of settlement and production in Baetica, and how did it contribute to wealth generation and social mobility? His findings conclusively demonstrate that meeting the multiple demands of the Roman state created a substantial freeborn and ex-slave "middle stratum" of the population that outnumbered both the super-rich elite and the destitute poor.

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Baetica, the present-day region of Andalusia in southern Spain, was the wealthiest province of the Roman Empire. Its society was dynamic and marked by upward social and economic mobility, as the imperial peace allowed the emergence of a substantial middle social and economic stratum. Indeed, so mutually beneficial was the imposition of...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:297 pages, 9.04 × 6.01 × 0.7 inPublished:August 1, 2009Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292722265

ISBN - 13:9780292722262

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments Abbreviations Glossary of Technical TermsIntroductionOne. Rural Settlement and Production in Baetica, c. 50 B.C.-27 B.C.Two. Baetica Pacata Three. The Julio-Claudian ExperienceFour. The Flavian Impact: The Evidence SurveyedFive. The Flavian Impact: An Analysis Six. Wealthy BaeticiSeven. The Nature of Economic Growth in Roman Imperial Baetica: A Theoretical PerspectiveEight. ConclusionsNotesBibliography Index

Editorial Reviews

By carefully identifying a ‘mid-spectrum’ population and then showing clearly how numerous and important they were in the Roman world, Haley makes an extremely sound, well argued, and well documented case for revising our basic concept of the organization of the free Roman social world. . . . His scholarship is absolutely first rate. - Robert C. Knapp, Professor of Classics, University of California, Berkeley