Basic Writings of Mo Tzu, Hsün Tzu, and Han Fei Tzu

Hardcover | January 22, 1967

Translated byBurton Watson

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Mo Tzu, Hsün Tzu, and Han Fei Tzu were three of the most important philosophers in ancient China. This collection of their basic writings points to three very different positions within in the spectrum of Chinese thought and reveals the diversity of of the Chinese intellectual tradition.

Presenting the principle doctrines of Mo Tzu (470­391 B.C.) and his followers, early rivals of the Confucian school, this section includes writings on music, fatalism, Confucians, and "universal love"-the cornerstone of Mo-ist philosophy-Hsün Tzu (born ca. 312 B.C.) provided the dominant philosophical system of his day. Although basically Confucian, he differed with Mencius by asserting that the original nature of man is evil, and also expounded on such subjects as good government, military affairs, Heaven, and music.

Representative of the Fachia, or Legalist, school of philosophy, the writings of Han Fei Tzu (280?­233 B.C.) confront the issues of preserving and strengthening the state through strict laws of punishment and reward. His lessons remain timely as scholars continue to examine the nature and use of power.

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Mo Tzu, Hsün Tzu, and Han Fei Tzu were three of the most important philosophers in ancient China. This collection of their basic writings points to three very different positions within in the spectrum of Chinese thought and reveals the diversity of of the Chinese intellectual tradition.Presenting the principle doctrines of Mo Tzu (47...

Burton Watson is one of the world's best-known translators from the Chinese and Japanese. His translations include The Lotus Sutra, The Vimalakirti Sutra, Ryokan: Zen Monk-Poet of Japan, Saigyo: Poems of a Mountain Home, and The Columbia Book of Chinese Poetry: From Early Times to the Thirteenth Century, all published by Columbia.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:480 pages, 5.6 × 8.3 × 0.98 inPublished:January 22, 1967Publisher:Columbia University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231025157

ISBN - 13:9780231025157

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Table of Contents

IntroductionHonoring the WorthyIdentifying with One's SuperiorUniversal LoveAgainst Offensive WarfareModeration in ExpenditureModeration in FuneralsThe Will of HeavenExplaining GhostsAgainst MusicAgainst FatalismAgainst ConfuciansIndex