Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Paperback | March 22, 2007

byMike Oaksford, Nick Chater

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Are people rational? This question was central to Greek thought and has been at the heart of psychology and philosophy for millennia. This book provides a radical and controversial reappraisal of conventional wisdom in the psychology of reasoning, proposing that the Western conception of themind as a logical system is flawed at the very outset. It argues that cognition should be understood in terms of probability theory, the calculus of uncertain reasoning, rather than in terms of logic, the calculus of certain reasoning.

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Are people rational? This question was central to Greek thought and has been at the heart of psychology and philosophy for millennia. This book provides a radical and controversial reappraisal of conventional wisdom in the psychology of reasoning, proposing that the Western conception of themind as a logical system is flawed at the ve...

Mike Oaksford is Professor of Psychology and Head of School at Birkbeck College London. He was a research fellow at the Centre for Cognitive Science, University of Edinburgh, he was then lecturer at the University of Wales, Bangor, and senior lecturer at the University of Warwick, before moving to Cardiff University in 1996 as Profess...

other books by Mike Oaksford

Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.79 inPublished:March 22, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198524498

ISBN - 13:9780198524496

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Table of Contents

1. Logic and the Western conception of mind2. Rationality and rational analysis3. Reasoning in the the real world: how much deduction is there?4. The probabilistic turn5. Does the exception prove the rule? How people reason with conditionals6. Being economical with the evidence: collecting data and testing hypotheses7. An uncertain quantity: how people reason with syllogisms8. The rational analysis of mind: a dialogue

Editorial Reviews

"This publication is therefore highly recommended to any cognitive psychologists, and particularly to masters or doctoral students doing research in this field."--The Psychologist