Becoming Confederates: Paths to a New National Loyalty by Gary GallagherBecoming Confederates: Paths to a New National Loyalty by Gary Gallagher

Becoming Confederates: Paths to a New National Loyalty

byGary Gallagher

Paperback | May 1, 2013

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In Becoming Confederates, Gary W. Gallagher explores loyalty in the era of the Civil War, focusing on Robert E. Lee, Stephen Dodson Ramseur, and Jubal A. Early-three prominent officers in the Army of Northern Virginia who became ardent Confederate nationalists. Loyalty was tested and proved in many ways leading up to and during the war. Looking at levels of allegiance to their native state, to the slaveholding South, to the United States, and to the Confederacy, Gallagher shows how these men represent responses to the mid-nineteenth-century crisis.

Lee traditionally has been presented as a reluctant convert to the Confederacy whose most powerful identification was with his home state of Virginia-an interpretation at odds with his far more complex range of loyalties. Ramseur, the youngest of the three, eagerly embraced a Confederate identity, highlighting generational differences in the equation of loyalty. Early combined elements of Lee's and Ramseur's reactions-a Unionist who grudgingly accepted Virginia's departure from the United States but later came to personify defiant Confederate nationalism.

The paths of these men toward Confederate loyalty help delineate important contours of American history. Gallagher shows that Americans juggled multiple, often conflicting, loyalties and that white southern identity was preoccupied with racial control transcending politics and class. Indeed, understanding these men's perspectives makes it difficult to argue that the Confederacy should not be deemed a nation. Perhaps most important, their experiences help us understand why Confederates waged a prodigiously bloody war and the manner in which they dealt with defeat.

GARY W. GALLAGHER is the John L. Nau III Professor in the History of the American Civil War at the University of Virginia. He is the author of many books on the Civil War, including most recently The Union War and Causes Won, Lost, and Forgotten: How Hollywood and Popular Art Shape What We Know about the Civil War.
Title:Becoming Confederates: Paths to a New National LoyaltyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:152 pages, 8.5 × 5.52 × 0.4 inPublished:May 1, 2013Publisher:University of Georgia PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0820345407

ISBN - 13:9780820345406

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

Chapter One
Conduct Must Conform to the New Order of Things: R. E. Lee and the Question of Loyalty 8

Chapter Two
He Died as Became a Confederate Soldier: Stephen Dodson Ramseur's Easy Embrace of the Confederacy 35

Chapter Three
Consistent Conservative: Jubal A. Early's Patriotic Submission 57

Chapter Four
For His Country and His Duty: Confederate National Sentiment beyond Appomattox 83

Notes 93
Index 109

Editorial Reviews

Gallagher has made another important contribution to the field by blending the crisp analysis and historiographical mastery that we’ve come to expect from him. Ably researched, forcefully argued, lacking any pretense or jargon, Becoming Confederates is an eminently teachable book that will soon find a place on many undergraduate syllabi – including my own. - Brian Matthew Jordan - Florida Historical Quarterly