Bee Pollination in Agricultural Eco-systems

Hardcover | September 15, 2008

byRosalind James, Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

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For many agricultural crops, bees play a vital role as pollinators, and this book discusses the interplay among bees, agriculture and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as pollinators, managed bumble bees and solitary bees are also critical for the successful pollinationof certain crops, while wild bees provide a free service. As bees liberally pass pollen from one plant to the next, they also impact the broader ecosystem, and not always to the benefit of humankind. Bees can enhance the unintentional spread of genes from genetically engineered plants, and mayincrease the spread of invasive weeds. Conversely, genetically engineered plants can impact pollinators, and invasive weeds can supply new sources of food for these insects. Bees' flower-visiting activities also can be exploited to help spread biological control agents that control crop pests, andthey are important for native plant reproduction. Managing bees for pollination is complex and factors that must take into consideration are treated here including bee natural history, physiology, pathology, and behavior. Furthermore, transporting bees from native ranges to new areas for pollinationservices can be controversial, and needs to be done only after assuring that it will not disrupt various ecosystems. Even though bees are small, unobtrusive creatures, they play large roles in the ecosystem. The connection between bees and humankind also is symbolic of a broader interconnectionbetween humans and the natural world.

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For many agricultural crops, bees play a vital role as pollinators, and this book discusses the interplay among bees, agriculture and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as pollinators, managed bumble bees and solitary bees are also critical for the successful pollinationof certain crops, while wild bees provide a ...

Dr. Rosalind James is Research Leader of the Pollinating-Insect Biology, Management, and Systematics Research Unit in Logan, UT. The mission of the laboratory, also known as the Bee Biology and Systematics Lab, is to develop bees as sustainable pollinators of agricultural crops, focusing on domesticating new bee species, that is, bees...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 9.3 × 6 × 0.7 inPublished:September 15, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195316959

ISBN - 13:9780195316957

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Chris O'TooleSection I: Bees As Pollinators and More in Agricultural Ecosystems1. Theresa L. Pitts-Singer and Rosalind R. James: Introduction: Bees in Nature and on the Farm2. Claire Kremen: Crop Pollination Services from Wild Bees3. Jose M. Guerra-Sanz: Crop Pollination in Greenhouses4. James H. Cane: Pollinating-Bees Crucial to Farming Wildflower Seed for U.S. Habitat Restoration5. Peter G. Kevan, Jean-Pierre Kapongo, Mohammad Al-mazra'awi, and Les Shipp: Honey Bees, Bumble Bees, and Biocontrol: New Alliances Between Old FriendsSection 2: Managing Solitary Bees6. Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra, William P. Kemp: Ecophysiology of the Life Cycle in Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators7. Theresa L. Pitts-Singer: Past and Present Management of Alfalfa Bees8. Rosalind R. James: The Problem of Disease When Domesticating BeesSection: 3: Environmental Risks Associated with Bees9. Carlos H. Vergara: Environmental Impact of Exotic Bees Introduced for Crop Pollination10. Karen Goodell: Invasive Exotic Plant-Bee Interactions11. James E. Cresswell: Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically-Modified (GM) Crops12. Lora A. Morandin: Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination13. Rosalind James and Theresa Pitts-Singer: The Future of Agricultural Pollination