Behavioral Neuroscience for the Human Services: Foundations in Emotion, Mental Health, Addiction…

Paperback | January 15, 2014

byHarriette C. Johnson

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Are biology and psychology inseparable? For many decades, this notion was not seriously entertained by purveyors of psychological wisdom. Now, fast-growing new technologies for studying the brain have discredited the dichotomous biology-psychology divide, demonstrating that the foundations ofpsychology are based in neurobiological structures and functions, both inborn (temperament) and sometimes modified through interacting with environments.This book for social workers illustrates how social, psychological, and biological factors interact to shape a client's unique experience. While the field - and its longstanding texts - has for decades recognized the psychosocial elements that can help or hinder health and well being, it has beenslow to integrate biological advances into its knowledge base. "Synapse and System" revolutionizes the way students learn to understand, assess, and treat their clients. Emphasizing the deep interconnectedness of genes and the physical and social context in which disorders take shape, this bookintroduces the fundamentals of neurochemistry and the biological roots of addiction, mental illness, trauma, attachment, and violence. In addition, it provides neuroscience fundamentals, incorporates new advances in neuroscience critical for practice, such as analysis and illustration of two examples of complex neural circuits, for pleasure and for trauma, and introduces many rich multidisciplinary research findings across practiceareas.The result is a masterful treatment of social work's hallmark person-in-environment perspective that gives students a deep appreciation for the complex interactions among biological and social forces that can shape the development of, and response to, mental illness and social problems.

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Are biology and psychology inseparable? For many decades, this notion was not seriously entertained by purveyors of psychological wisdom. Now, fast-growing new technologies for studying the brain have discredited the dichotomous biology-psychology divide, demonstrating that the foundations ofpsychology are based in neurobiological stru...

Harriette C. Johnson, PhD, is Professor of Casework and Chair of the Human Behavior in the Social Environment sequence at the University of Connecticut School of Social Work.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:496 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:January 15, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199794154

ISBN - 13:9780199794157

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Table of Contents

PART IOur Professions Come of AgeNeuroscience Knowledge and Tools for Biopsychosocial Practice1. Why should I care about brain science? I'm a "People" person2. Neuroscience knowledge: How Is It Faring at the Beginning of the Second Decade of the Millennium?3. Normality, Professional Culture, and Psychiatric Disorders: Diagnosing Jared4. Breaking through: Is it nature or nurture? Domains of biological influence on psychological functions5. Why do we know so much more now than a few years ago?..........6. What can we make of Jenny's rages? Biology-environment disputesamong mental health social work specialists7. The biopsychosocial perspective:Theoretical frameworks, unifying themes8. The biopsychosocial perspective: Genetics, epigenetics, and complex adaptive systems9. Assessment and intervention planning with individuals and families: Three tools for combining multisystem and evidence-based analysis10. Complementary roles of quantitative and narrative approaches: How we used them together to learn about parent/professional relationshipsPART IIFundamentals of Neuroscience: Brain Works11. Brain Structures: Larger (Visible to the Human Eye)12. Structures: Microscopic (Neurons, Synapses, and Other Amazing Contributors to Brain Works)13. The Brain's Natural Chemicals: Precursors, Messengers, and Enzymes14. Neurotransmission: How the Brain Sends and Receives Messages15. Neurotransmitters: Synthesis through Release in Four Steps16. Outcomes: The Fifth Step in Neurotransmission17. Some Classes of Drugs and Other Substances: Actors in the Brain18. Using Neuroscience Information to Empower (excerpt from process recording)PART IIIHidden CircuitsNeural Networks Today, Connectomes on the Horizon19. Human Neural Systems Working For You Day and Night20. Pleasures: Your Favorites, My Favorites, and How Brain Ingenuity Puts Them on the Map21. Eating: The Pleasures that Keep on Pleasing22. Eating and Obesity: Has Pleasure Vanquished Homeostasis?23. Trauma and Stress: Neural Networks24. Jason: Multiple Traumas, Social Work InterventionsPART IVSubstance Abuse and AddictionDefinitions, Contributing Factors, and Interventions25. Addiction: Definitions, Risk and Protective Factors26. Brain Structures and Systems Involved in Substance Abuse and Addiction27. How Do We Become Addicted? Brain Changes and Psychological Changes28. Cultures of Therapy and the Recovery Boondoggle29. Some Street Drugs-How They Can Get You Hooked30. How Do Psychosocial Interventions Work in the Context of a Changed Brain?31. Treat Drugs with Drugs? Is That Craziness?32. Assessing Pat: (A) Food Struggles and Mental Challenges. A Young Woman and Her Family Respond to Co-occurring ConditionsPART VChild and Adult DevelopmentRecent Research on Critical Developmental Topics33. Genes, Temperament, and Resilience34. Affiliation, Bonding, and Attachment35. Stress and Vulnerability36. Critical Periods in Child Development37. Tyrone: ADHD, Genes, Environmental Stressors, and Family Coping38. Consciousness: An Evolutionary PerspectivePART VIMental Health and Mental IllnessMedical Conventions, : Recent Research, from Assessment to Intervention Planning39. Approaching the Era of the DSM-5: Sea Change in Practice Ideologies?40. What Is Borderline Personality Disorder?41. What can today's neuroscience tell us about mental conditions? Borderline personality disorder (BPD) as a case in point42. Neuroscience with Social Science Can Give Us Insights about Pat43. Borderline Characteristics:Medications44. Borderline Characteristics: Non-Pharmacological Interventions45. Assessing Pat (B), MEBA items 8-13 (continued from Part IV, MEBA items 1-7):Thoughts of death, borderline dimensions, and obsessive-compulsive traits in a person with eating challengesPART VIIMultiple Routes to Quality of Life: Recent Research on Supportsfor Living46. Authenticity in therapeutic alternatives: How can I tell the best natural treatments from snake oil?47. Traditional, alternative, and integrative medicine, plus None-of-the above: How they can elevate our emotions, cognitions, and behaviors48. None-of-the-Above: Exercise as a major example149. Alternatives to conventional treatments: David's mother draws on new knowledge to find better help for David