Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America by Alvin B. TilleryBetween Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America by Alvin B. Tillery

Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

byAlvin B. Tillery

Paperback | February 3, 2011

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In Between Homeland and Motherland, Alvin B. Tillery Jr. considers the history of political engagement with Africa on the part of African Americans, beginning with the birth of Paul Cuffe's back-to-Africa movement in the Federal Period to the Congressional Black Caucus's struggle to reach consensus on the African Growth and Opportunity Act of 2000. In contrast to the prevailing view that pan-Africanism has been the dominant ideology guiding black leaders in formulating foreign policy positions toward Africa, Tillery highlights the importance of domestic politics and factors within the African American community.

Employing an innovative multimethod approach that combines archival research, statistical modeling, and interviews, Tillery argues that among African American elites—activists, intellectuals, and politicians—factors internal to the community played a large role in shaping their approach to African issues, and that shaping U.S. policy toward Africa was often secondary to winning political battles in the domestic arena. At the same time, Africa and its interests were important to America's black elite, and Tillery's analysis reveals that many black leaders have strong attachments to the "motherland."

Spanning two centuries of African American engagement with Africa, this book shows how black leaders continuously balanced national, transnational, and community impulses, whether distancing themselves from Marcus Garvey's back-to-Africa movement, supporting the anticolonialism movements of the 1950s, or opposing South African apartheid in the 1980s.

Alvin B. Tillery Jr. is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University–New Brunswick, The State University of New Jersey.
Title:Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in AmericaFormat:PaperbackDimensions:216 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.27 inPublished:February 3, 2011Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801477344

ISBN - 13:9780801477348

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Table of Contents


1. "Not One Was Willing To Go!": The Paradoxes of "Liberia's Offerings"
2. "His Failure Will Be Theirs": Why the Black Elite Resisted Garveyism and Embraced Ethiopia
3. Protecting "Fertile Fields": The NAACP and Africa during the Cold War
4. "The Time for Freedom Has Come": Black Leadership in the Age of Decolonization
5. "We Are a Power Bloc": The Congressional Black Caucus and Africa



Editorial Reviews

"Written with historical depth and theoretical sensibility, this important book accounts for the uneven and complex relationships that have linked black political and policy elites in the United States to concerns about Africa in foreign affairs. It deploys a strategic prism to powerfully illuminate how domestic considerations about leadership, organizations, and constituents shaped decisions by these leaders about Liberia, Garveyism, the Cold War, decolonization, and South Africa from the early nineteenth century to the present day."—Ira Katznelson, Ruggles Professor of Political Science and History, Columbia University, author of When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America