Binary Rare Earth Oxides by G. AdachiBinary Rare Earth Oxides by G. Adachi

Binary Rare Earth Oxides

EditorG. Adachi, Nobuhito Imanaka, Z.C. Kang

Paperback | October 19, 2010

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Binary Rare Earth Oxides is the first book in the field of rare earth oxides that provides coverage from the basic science through to recent advances. This book introduces the unique characteristics of the binary rare earth oxides with their chemistry, physics and applications. It provides a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of rare earth oxides, essential for scientists and engineers involved with rare earths, oxides, inorganic materials, ceramics, and structures. The binary rare earth oxides bring us a variety of interesting characteristics. Understanding their fundamental mechanisms builds a bridge between solid-state chemistry and materials science.The book begins with a brief introduction to binary rare earth oxides, their physical and chemical stabilities, polymorphism, crystal structures and phase transformation and the association with current applications. The book goes on to present the band structure of the oxides using several quantum chemical calculations, which belong to a newly developed area in the binary rare earth oxides. Central to this chapter are the characterizations of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, as well as details of single crystal growth and particle preparation methods that have progressed in recent years. Later chapters concentrate on thermo-chemical properties and trace determination techniques. The final chapter contains a variety of useful applications in various fields such as phosphors, glass abrasives, automotive catalysts, fuel cells, solid electrolytes, sunscreens, iron steels, and biological materials.This book is an invaluable resource for materials scientists and solid-state physicists and chemists with an interest in rare earth oxides, as well as advanced students and graduates who require an approach to familiarize them with this field. This book provides guidance through a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of binary rare earth oxides.
Title:Binary Rare Earth OxidesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:270 pages, 9.45 × 6.3 × 0.01 inPublished:October 19, 2010Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048166829

ISBN - 13:9789048166824

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction; G. Adachi and Z. Kang1.1. Why Are Rare Earth Oxides So Important?1.2. A Variety of Rare Earth Oxides1.3. Simplicity and Complexity of Rare Earth Oxides 2. Chemical Reactivity of Binary Rare Earth Oxides; S. Bernal, G. Blanco, J. M. Gatica, J.A. Pérez Omil, J. M. Pintado, and H. Vidal2.1. Introduction2.2. Chemical Reactivity of the Rare Earth Sesquioxides2.2.1. Preliminary Considerations about the Ln2O3-H2O-CO2 System2.2.2. The Chemistry of the Ln2O3-CO2-H2O Systems2.2.3. Other Studies on the Chemical Reactivity of the Rare Earth Sesquioxides2.3. Chemical Reactivity of the Higher Rare Earth Oxides2.3.1. Redox Chemistry of the Higher Rare Earth Oxides2.3.2. Temperature Programmed Oxygen Evolution Studies2.3.3. Temperature Programmed Reduction Studies2.3.4. Reduction by CO of the Higher Rare Earth Oxides 2.3.5. Re-oxidation of Pre-reduced Higher Rare Earth Oxides2.3.6. Modification of the Redox Behavior of the Higher Rare Earth Oxides2.3.7. Other Studies on the Reactivity of the Higher Rare Earth Oxides3. Structural Features of Rare Earth Oxides; E. Schweda and Z. Kang 3.1. Introduction 3.2. The Dioxides3.2.1. The Fluorite Structure3.2.2. The Structure of Intermediate Ce-, Pr-, and Tb-Oxides3.2.3. The Structure of Intermediate Rare Earth Oxides3.2.4. Interpretation and Simulation of defect Separations in the Rare Earth Oxides3.2.5. Phase Transformation3.3. The Sesquioxides3.3.1. Structure of Sesquioxides3.3.2. Polymorphism3.4. The Lower Oxides (Monoxides LnO and Eu3O4)3.5. High Resolution Electron Microscopy (HREM)3.5.1. Electron Diffraction Data of the Oxygen Deficient, Fluorite-related Homologous Series of the Binary, Rare Earth Oxides3.5.2. Composition Domain and Hysteresis Loop3.5.3. Surface Structure of the Rare Earth Higher Oxides3.5.4. Defect and Chemical Reactivity of the Rare Earth Higher Oxides3.5.5. Phase Transition from Tb48O88 (ß(3)) to Tb24O44 (ß(2))4. Chemical Bonds and Calculation Approach to Rare Earth Oxides; Y. Makino and S. Uchida4.1. Introduction4.2. Electronic Structure of Sesquioxides 4.3. Electronic Structure of Fluorite Oxides5. Physical and Chemical Properties of Rare Earth Oxides; N. Imanaka5.1. Electrical Properties 5.2. Magnetic Properties 5.3. Spectroscopic Properties 5.4. Atomic Transport Properties 6. Particles and Single Crystals of Rare Earth Oxides; N. Imanaka and T. Masui6.1. Particles6.1.1. Breakdown and Buildup Method6.1.2. Gas Condensation6.1.3. Chemical Vapor Deposition6.1.4. Precipitation Method6.1.5. Hydrothermal and Solvothermal Methods6.1.6. Sol-gel Method6.1.7. Emulsion and Microemulsion Method6.1.8. Ultrasound and Microwave Irradiation Method6.1.9. Spray Pyrolysis6.1.10. Electrochemical Method6.1.11. Mechanochemical Method6.1.12. Flux Method and Alkalide Reduction Method6.2. Single Crystals6.2.1. Conventional Crystal Growth from Melt6.2.2. Hydrothermal Crystallization Growth6.2.3. Recent Advance in Single Crystal Growth of Rare Earth Oxides7. Thermochemistry of Rare Earth Oxides; L.R. Morss and R.J.M. Konings7.1. Introduction and Scope7.2. Historical7.3. Thermochemical Techniques7.3.1. Combustion Calorimetry7.3.2. Solution Calorimetry7.3.3. Low-temperature Adiabatic Calorimetry7.3.4. High-temperature Drop Calorimetry7.3.5. Mass Spectrometry7.4. Solid Rare Earth Sesquioxides7.4.1. Enthalpies of Formation7.4.2. Standard Entropies and Heat Capacities7.5. Other Solid Binary Rare Earth Oxides7.5.1. Solid Rare Earth Monoxides7.5.2. Solid Rare Earth Dioxides7.5.3. Nonstoichiometric Solid Rare Earth Oxides7.6. Gaseous Rare Earth Oxides7.7. Conclusions 8. Trace and Ultratrace Determination of Lanthanides in Material and Environmental Samples; T. Prasada Rao8-1. Introduction8-2. Analytical Techniques8.2.1. Molecular Absorption Spectrometry (MAS)8.2.2. Higher Order Derivative MAS (HDMAS)8.2.3. Molecular Fluorescence Spectrometry (MFS)8.2.4. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS)8.2.5. X- ray Fluorescence (XRF)8.2.6. Luminescence Spectrometry (LS)8.2.7. Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA)8.2.8. Atomic Emission Spectrometry (AES)8.2.9. Mass Spectrometric Techniques (MS)8.2.10. Ion Chromatography (IC)8.2.11. Coupled Techniques8-3. Conclusions9. Applications; J.-P. Cuif, E. Rohart, P. Macaudiere, C. Bauregard, E. Suda, B. Pacaud, N. Imanaka, T. Masui, and S. Tamura9-1. Phosphors9.1.1. A Wide Range of Applications, Thanks to a Great Variety of Emissions9.1.2. New Demands and Recent Developments in Applications: A Step Forward for Phosphors9-2. Catalysts9.2.1. Three Way Catalysis (TWC) and NOx Trap Catalyst9.2.2. A New Catalytic Solution for Diesel Engine Exhausts Cleaning9-3. Glass Industry9.3.1. Glass Composition9.3.2. Glass Polishing9-4. Fuel Cells9.4.1. Introduction to Fuel Cells9.4.2. Principle of SOFCs9.4.3. Use and Role of Rare Earths in SOFCs Materials9.4.4. Requirements and New Solutions of Materials for SOFCs9-5. Solid Electrolytes9.5.1 Yttria Stabilized Zirconia9.5.2. Solid Electrolytes Based on Ceria 9-6. Sunscreen Cosmetics9.6.1. CeO2 for Sunscreens9.6.2. Modification of CeO29.6.3. New Materials for Sunscreens9-7. Additive for Iron and Steel Industry9.7.1. Deoxigenation 9.7.2. Surface Modification9-8. Biological Application9.8.1. Radiotherapy for Cancer9.8.2. Basic Studies on Markers for Brain Tumor and DigestibilityEstimation10. Concluding Remarks; G. Adachi, N. Imanaka, and Z. Kang

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"The science and technology of rare earth oxides is a diverse and content-rich field . . The authors of this volume attempt to provide a useful compilation of the structure, reactivity, and technologically useful properties of binary combinations of these elements. A number of topics are discussed in requisite detail and with clarity. . The real gems of this book, however, are the succinct chapters . . Overall, this is a useful book not only to those working in the area of rare earth oxides . ." (Jeffery L. Coffer, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127 (21), 2005)