Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors by Maria Teresa GiardiBio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors by Maria Teresa Giardi

Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors

EditorMaria Teresa Giardi, Giuseppina Rea, Bruno Berra

Hardcover | December 16, 2010

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"Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals" can be said to have been born of the NUTRA-SNACKS project within the Sixth Framework Programme Priority on Food Quality and Safety. One objective of NUTRA -SNACK S was to improve the nutritional and eating properties of ready-to-eat products and semi-prepared foodstuffs through better monitoring of the quality and safety of raw materials and the development of innovative processes along the production chain. Another main objective of the project was the production of ready-to-eat snacks with high nutraceutic activity. Seven research institutes and three companies in six European countries were involved in this effort. The co-operation resulted in the production of food having a high content of natural metabolites with the following beneficial health effects: anticancer, antilipidemic, anticholesterol, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antihypertensive, anti-inflamatory and antioxidant activities.
MARIA TERESA GIARDI, PhD, is a Research Manager at the National Council of Research (CNR) in Rome, Italy. Her background is in organic-industrial chemistry, and she has extensive experience in molecular biology; modification of photosystem II to increase its resistance to high temperature and sensitivity to radiation; signal transducti...
Title:Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by BiosensorsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:360 pagesPublished:December 16, 2010Publisher:Springer USLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:144197346X

ISBN - 13:9781441973467

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Table of Contents

1. The Nutra-Snacks Project: Basic Research and Biotechnological Programs on NutraceuticsGiuseppina Rea, Amina Antonacci, Maya Lambreva, Andrea Margonelli, Cecilia Ambrosi and Maria Teresa GiardiAbstractRationale of the Nutra-Snacks ProjectTechnological Innovations Conclusion2. Overview of Diet-Gene Interactions and the Example of XanthophyllsBarbara Demmig-Adams and William W. Adams, IIIAbstractIntroduction: Overview of Diet-Gene Interaction in Human Disease A Case Study: Xanthophylls and Their Synergism with Other Dietary Factors in Human Health-Protection against Eye Disease and Other Chronic DiseasesDietary Sources of Zeaxanthin and Lutein and Their Potential Enhancement3. Therapeutic Potential of Dietary Polyphenols against Brain Ageing and NeurodegenerativeDisordersGiovanni Scapagnini, Calogero Caruso and Vittorio CalabreseAbstractIntroductionCurcuminCaffeic Acid Phenethyl EsterEthyl FerulateEpigallocatechin-3-GallateConclusion4. Plant Phenolics in the Prevention and Treatment of CancerKlaus W.J. Wahle, Iain Brown, Dino Rotondo, and Steven D. HeysAbstractEpidemiology of Plant Foods and Disease IncidenceAnticancer Phytochemicals in Foods, Beverages and SpicesClassification and Occurrence of Plant Phenolic CompoundsCellular Mechanisms Modified by Plant Phenolics That Can Reduce Carcinogenesis and Tumour ProgressionConclusion5. Endogenous Antioxidants and Radical ScavengersAngela Maria Rizzo, Patrizia Berselli, Stefania Zava, Gigliola Montorfano, Manuela Negroni, Paola Corsetto and Bruno BerraAbstractIntroductionEndogenous Antioxidant MoleculesReactive Oxygen Species: Always Bad?Conclusion6. A Nutritional Strategy for Reducing Disease and Obesity RisksTeresa Lavecchia, Paolo Petroni, Giuseppe Rodio and Riccardo PinaAbstractIntroductionThe Zone Diet Nutrition Strategy: General OutlineConclusion7. Dietary Phytochemicals and Human HealthJustyna Krzyzanowska, Anna Czubacka and Wieslaw OleszekAbstractIntroductionCarotenoidsPhenolic CompoundsPhytoestrogensPolyunsatured Fatty AcidsConjugated Linoleic AcidsTocopherols and TocotrienolsLimoneneAllicin and Diallyl DisulfideGlucosinolatesCapsacinoidsConclusion8. Bioactive Compounds from Northern PlantsAnja HohtolaAbstractIntroductionHow External Factors Influence the Biosynthesis of Secondary MetabolitesResearch and ExploitationExamples of Northern Plants Containing Bioactive CompoundsConclusion9. Nutraceutical Use of Garlic Sulfur-Containing CompoundsEleftherios Touloupakis and Demetrios F. GhanotakisAbstractIntroductionGarlic Chemical CompoundsGarlic Biological ActivitiesAlliin and AllicinGarlic AlliinaseGarlic SupplementsLayered Double HydroxidesAlginatesConclusion10. Genetic Engineering to Enhance Crop-Based Phytonutrients (Nutraceuticals) to Alleviate Diet-Related DiseasesAutar K. Mattoo, Vijaya Shukla, Tahira Fatima, Avtar K. Handa and Surender K. YachhaAbstractIntroductionDiet and Human DiseasesPhytonutrients and Antiproliferative ActivityGenetic Engineering to Improve Nutrient (Nutraceutical) Content in ProduceProteins and Amino AcidsCarotenoidsFolatesVitamin C (Ascorbate)PolyphenolicsTocopherolsIron Conclusion11. Perspective for the Use of Genetic Transformants in Order to Enhance the Synthesis of the Desired Metabolites: Engineering Chloroplasts of Microalgae for the Production of Bioactive CompoundsUdo Johanningmeier and Dirk FischerAbstractIntroductionMicroalgae as Transgenic BioreactorsGenetic Engineering of Plant and Microalgal ChloroplastsExpression of Recombinant Proteins in C. reinhardtii ChloroplastsApplication to Food TechnologyConclusion12. Biological Elicitors of Plant Secondary Metabolites: Mode of Action and Use in the Production of NutraceuticsSimone FerrariAbstractIntroductionBiological Elicitors of Defence Responses in PlantsPerception and Transduction of General ElicitorsEmerging Techniques to Improve Secondary Metabolites Production, Based on Elicitor Signalling PathwaysConclusion13. Hairy Root Cultures for Secondary Metabolites ProductionLaura Pistelli, Annalisa Giovannini, Barbara Ruffoni, Alessandra Bertoli and Luisa PistelliAbstractIntroductionHow Agrobacterium rhizogenes Genes Can Affect Plant Tissues Development?RolC Mechanism of ActionRolB Mechanism of ActionRolD Mechanism of ActionRolA and ORF13 Mechanism of ActionA. rhizogenes Transformed Medicinal Plants as Farm for Aromatic and Nutraceutical Metabolite ProductionConclusion14. Plant Tissue Culture-An Opportunity for the Production of NutraceuticalsMariella Lucchesini and Anna Mensuali-SodiAbstractIntroductionWhy to Cultivate In Vitro Plants for the Production of Secondary Metabolites?In Vitro Technologies for the Cultivation of Nutraceutical PlantsThe MicropropagationConclusion15. Plant Cell Cultures: Bioreactors for Industrial ProductionBarbara Ruffoni, Laura Pistelli, Alessandra Bertoli and Luisa PistelliAbstractIntroductionHistorical BackgroundThe Plant BioreactorsBioreactors and Hairy Root CultureScale-Up of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Secondary Metabolite ProductionConclusion16. Determination of the Antioxidants' Ability to Scavenge Free Radicals Using BiosensorsMontserrat Cortina-Puig, Beatriz Prieto-Simón, Mónica Campàs, Carole Calas-Blanchard and Jean-Louis MartyAbstractIntroductionMonitoring Superoxide Radical (O2.-)Monitoring Hydroxyl Radical (OH.)Monitoring Nitric Oxide Radical (NO.)Conclusion17. Biosensors for the Determination of Phenolic MetabolitesSimona Carmen Litescu, Sandra Eremia and Gabriel Lucian RaduAbstractIntroductionBiosensors Used in the Determination of PolyphenolsConclusion18. Methods for the Determination of Antioxidant Capacity in Food and Raw MaterialsSimona Carmen Litescu, Sandra Eremia and Gabriel Lucian RaduAbstractIntroductionModels Based on HAT MechanismsModels Based on SET MechanismsAssessment of Antioxidant Efficacy Using Significant Biological SubstratesConclusion19. Analytical Methods for the Extraction and Identification of Secondary Metabolite Production in 'In Vitro' Plant Cell CulturesAlessandra Bertoli, Barbara Ruffoni, Laura Pistelli and Luisa PistelliAbstractIntroductionSampling and StorageSample Preparation and ExtractionChromatographic Separation and Detection of PhytochemicalsConclusion20. Biosensors for Functional Food Safety and AnalysisTeresa Lavecchia, Arianna Tibuzzi and Maria Teresa GiardiAbstractIntroduction to Safety and Functionality Analysis in FoodClassical Methods for Food Analysis: Chemical and Microbiological MethodsBiosensor TechnologyPhotosynthetic Protein-Based BiosensorsFunctional FoodsExamples of Biosensors for Functional Food AnalysisThe Market for BiosensorsConclusion21. Biosensors for Secondary Metabolites, Two Case Studies: Ochratoxin A and MicrocystinMonica Campàs, Beatriz Prieto-Simón and Régis RouillonAbstractIntroductionA Mycotoxin: Ochratoxin AA Cyanotoxin: MicrocystinConclusion22. Biosensors as Analytical Tools in Food Fermentation IndustryLise Barthelmebs, Carole Calas-Blanchard, Georges Istamboulie, Jean-Louis Marty and Thierry NoguerAbstractIntroductionBiosensors, General AspectsMain Food Fermentation and Compounds of InterestPotential ApplicationsCommercial DevicesConclusion23. An Overview of the Functional Food Market: From Marketing Issues and Commercial Players to Future Demand from Life in SpaceFrancesca Vergari, Arianna Tibuzzi and Giovanni BasileAbstractMarketing of Functional FoodThe Nutraceutical and Functional Food MarketFunctional Food Market Segments in EuropeSuppliers of Functional FoodA Market Focus on CarotenoidsConclusion24. Legislation on Nutraceuticals and Food Supplements A Comparison between Regulations in USA and EURoberto Giunta, Giovanni Basile and Arianna TibuzziAbstractIntroductionRegulations on Dietary Supplements in USARegulation on Food Supplements in the European UnionConclusionIndex