Biochemical Adaptation: Response to Environmental Challenges from Life's Origins to the Anthropocene by George N. SomeroBiochemical Adaptation: Response to Environmental Challenges from Life's Origins to the Anthropocene by George N. Somero

Biochemical Adaptation: Response to Environmental Challenges from Life's Origins to the Anthropocene

byGeorge N. Somero, Brent L. Lockwood, Lars Tomanek

Hardcover | February 15, 2017

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The abiotic characteristics of the environment - including temperature, oxygen availability, salinity, and hydrostatic pressure - present challenges to all biochemical structures and processes. This volume first examines the nature of these perturbations to biochemical systems and thenelucidates the major adaptive strategies that enable organisms from all Domains of Life - Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya - to conserve common types of biochemical structures and processes across a wide range of environments. In addition to these conservative adaptations that foster a biochemicalunity among diverse species, other adaptations can be viewed as innovative changes that enable organisms to exploit new features of the environment that may themselves be the result of biological activities.The opening chapter outlines the basic principles of biochemical adaptations and raises the questions that serve as the focal points for the detailed analysis found in the next three chapters, which are devoted to the study of relationships involving oxygen, temperature, and water-solute effects. Inthese three chapters, the effects of the variable in question on fundamental biochemical processes and structures are examined. This analysis forms a basis for the subsequent analysis of how adaptive changes modify biochemical systems to establish environmental optima and tolerance limits. Thisanalysis includes examples from all Domains of Life to emphasize the commonality of the fundamental strategies of biochemical adaptation.The final chapter examines the challenges organisms face from the rapid environmental changes that are occurring in the Anthropocene. The effects of co-occurring changes in multiple stressors are examined to provide a realistic and integrative analysis of effects of global change. The underlyinggenetic capacities of different types of organisms to adapt to rapid environmental change are discussed to provide a basis for predicting the relative success different species - including our own - face in a rapidly changing world.RESOURCESFor the InstructorInstructor's Resource Library This resource includes all figures (line-art illustrations and photographs) and tables from the textbook, provided as JPEGs. All have been formatted and optimized for excellent projection quality. Also included are ready-to-use PowerPoint slides of all figures and tables.
George N. Somero is David and Lucile Packard Emeritus Professor of Marine Sciences at the Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University. After receiving a Bachelor's Degree in Biology from Carleton College, he completed his Ph.D. in Biological Sciences at Stanford (with Dr. Arthur Giese), and postdoctoral studies with Dr. Peter Hochach...
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Title:Biochemical Adaptation: Response to Environmental Challenges from Life's Origins to the AnthropoceneFormat:HardcoverDimensions:10.31 × 8.11 × 1.18 inPublished:February 15, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:160535564X

ISBN - 13:9781605355641

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