Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Paperback | August 30, 2009

EditorShahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector

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How will biodiversity loss affect ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and human well-being?In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this timely and critical volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides ameta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses. It then describes the natural science foundations of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research including: quantifying functional diversity, the development of the field into a predictive science,the effects of stability and complexity, methods to quantify mechanisms by which diversity affects functioning, the importance of trophic structure, microbial ecology, and spatial dynamics. Finally, the book takes research on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning further than it has ever gone intothe human dimension, describing the most pressing environmental challenges that face humanity and the effects of diversity on: climate change mitigation, restoration of degraded habitats, managed ecosystems, pollination, disease, and biological invasions. However, what makes this volume truly unique are the chapters that consider the economic perspective. These include a synthesis of the economics of ecosystem services and biodiversity, and the options open to policy-makers to address the failure of markets to account for the loss of ecosystemservices; an examination of the challenges of valuing ecosystem services and, hence, to understanding the human consequences of decisions that neglect these services; and an examination of the ways in which economists are currently incorporating biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research intodecision models for the conservation and management of biodiversity. A final section describes new advances in ecoinformatics that will help transform this field into a globally predictive science, and summarizes the advancements and future directions of the field. The ultimate conclusion is thatbiodiversity is an essential element of any strategy for sustainable development.

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How will biodiversity loss affect ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and human well-being?In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this timely and critical volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book starts by su...

Shahid Naeem is Professor of Ecology and Chair in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology at Columbia University. Dr. Naeem pioneered experimental tests of the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem function (Naeem et al. 1994) and has been a leader in the field. He co-chaired the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment ...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.07 inPublished:August 30, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199547963

ISBN - 13:9780199547968

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Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroduction, Background, and Meta-analyses1. Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, Charles Perrings: Introduction: The Ecological and Social Implications of Changing Biodiversity: An overview of a decade of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research2. Bernhard Schmid, Patricia Balvanera, Bradley J. Cardinale, Jasmin Godbold, Andrea B. Pfisterer, David Raffaelli, Martin Solan, Diane S. Srivastava: Consequences of Species Loss for Ecosystem Functioning: Meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments3. Martin Solan, Jasmin A. Godbold, Amy Symstad, Dan F.B. Flynn, Daniel E. Bunker: Biodiversity-ecosystem Function Research and Biodiversity Futures: Early bird catches the worm or a day late and a dollar short?Natural Science Foundations4. Owen L Petchey, Eoin O'Gorman, Dan F.B. Flynn: A Functional Guide to Functional Diversity Measures5. J. Emmett Duffy, Diane S. Srivastava, Jennie McLaren, Mahesh Sankaran, Martin Solan, John Griffin, Mark Emmerson, Kate E. Jones: Forecasting Decline in Ecosystem Services Under Realistic Scenarios of Extinction6. John Griffin, Eoin O'Gorman, Mark Emmerson, Stuart Jenkins, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Michel Loreau, Amy Symstad: Biodiversity and the Stability of Ecosystem Functioning7. Andy Hector, Thomas Bell, John Connolly, John Finn, Jeremy Fox, Laura Kirwan, Michel Loreau, Jennie McLaren, Bernhard Schmid, Alexandra Weigelt: The Analysis of Biodiversity Experiments: From pattern toward mechanism8. Bradley J. Cardinale, J. Emmett Duffy, Diane S. Srivastava, Michel Loreau, Matthew Thomas, Mark Emmerson: Towards a Food-web Perspective on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning9. Thomas Bell, Mark O. Gessner, Robert I. Griffiths, Jennie McLaren, Peter J. Morin, Marcel van der Heijden, Wim van der Putten: Microbial Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning Under Controlled Conditions and in the Wild10. Andrew Gonzalez, Nicolas Mouquet, Michel Loreau: Biodiversity as Spatial Insurance: The effects of habitat fragmentation and dispersal on ecosystem functioningEcosystem Services and Human Wellbeing11. Sandra Diaz, David A. Wardle, Andy Hector: Incorporating Biodiversity in Climate Change Mitigation Initiatives12. Justin Wright, Amy Symstad, James M. Bullock, Katharina Engelhardt, Louise Jackson, Emily Bernhardt: Restoring Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: Will an integrated approach improve results?13. Louise Jackson, Todd Rosenstock, Matthew Thomas, Justin Wright, Amy Symstad: Managed Ecosystems: Biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use14. Alexandra-Maria Klein, Christine Muller, Patrick Hoehn, Claire Kremen: Understanding the Role of Species Richness for Crop Pollination Services15. Richard S. Ostfeld, Matthew Thomas, Felicia Keesing: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: Perspectives on disease16. Katharina Engelhardt, Amy Symstad, Anne-Helene Prieur-Richard, Matthew Thomas, Daniel E. Bunker: Opening Communities to Colonization: The impacts of invaders on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning17. C. Perrings, S. Baumgartner, W.A. Brock, K. Chopra, M. Conte, C. Costello, A. Duraiappah, A.P. Kinzig, U. Pascual, S. Polasky, J. Tschirhart, A. Xepapadeas: The Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services18. E.B. Barbier, S. Baumgartner, K. Chopra, C. Costello, A. Duraiappah, R. Hassan, A. Kinzig, M. Lehman, U. Pascual, S. Polasky, C. Perrings: The Valuation of Ecosystem Services19. W.A. Brock, D. Finnoff, A.P. Kinzig, U. Pascual, C. Perrings, J. Tschirhart, A. Xepapadeas: Modeling Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services in Coupled Ecological-Economic SystemsSummary and Synthesis20. Shahid Naeem and Daniel E. Bunker: TraitNet: Furthering biodiversity research through the curation, discovery, and sharing of species trait data21. Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, Charles Perrings: Can We Predict the Effects of Global Change on Biodiversity Loss and Ecosystem Functioning?ReferencesIndex