Bioenergetics 2 aims to clarify topics such as the thermodynamics of bioenergetic processes and the stoichiometries of energy coupling reactions. The book discusses chemiosmotic energy transduction; ion transport across energy-conserving membranes; and quantitative bioenergenetics as the measurement of driving forces. The text also describes the chemiosmotic proton circuit; the respiratory chain; the photosynthetic generators of protonmotive force; and the ATP synthase. The secondary transport of products across the membrane, as well as the structures of the bacterial photosynthetic reaction center and bacteriorhodopsin are also considered. Biochemists will find the book invaluable.