Bioenergetics

Other | July 1, 2002

byNicholls, David G., David G. Nicholls, Stuart J. Ferguson...

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This new edition ofBioenergeticspresents a clear and up-to-date explanation of the chemiosmotic theory and covers mitochondria, bacteria, and chloroplasts. It takes account of the many newly determined structures, such as ATP synthase and the two photosystems of photosynthesis, that provide molecular insight into chemiosmotic energy transduction. This edition includes additional color figures of protein structures and many newly drawn illustrations designed to enable the reader to grasp the fundamental insights that are derived from knowing the structure. Every chapter has been extensively revised and updated and a new chapter on the study of the bioenergetics of mitochondria in the intact cell is included to satisfy the enormous interest in this topic. Written for students and researchers alike, this book is the most current text on the chemiosmotic theory and membrane bioenergetics available.

Key Features
* Chapter on the study of bioenergetics of mitochondria in the intact cell
* Appendix listing protein structure resources
* Additional colour plates of protein structures
* Many newly drawn illustrations
* Website

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From the Publisher

This new edition ofBioenergeticspresents a clear and up-to-date explanation of the chemiosmotic theory and covers mitochondria, bacteria, and chloroplasts. It takes account of the many newly determined structures, such as ATP synthase and the two photosystems of photosynthesis, that provide molecular insight into chemiosmotic energy tr...

Format:OtherDimensions:288 pages, 1 × 1 × 1 inPublished:July 1, 2002Publisher:Academic PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080527930

ISBN - 13:9780080527932

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Table of Contents

Preface
Note to the Reader
Glossary

CHEMIOSMOTIC ENERGY TRANSDUCTION
Introduction
The Chemiosmotic Theory: Fundamentals
The Basic Morphology of Energy-Transducing Membranes
Overview

ION TRANSPORT ACROSS ENERGY-CONSERVING MEMBRANES
Introduction
The Classification of Ion Transport
Bilayer-Mediated Transport
Protein-Catalyzed Transport
Swelling and the Co-ordinate Movement of Ions Across Membranes

QUANTITATIVE BIOENERGETICS: THE MEASUREMENT OF DRIVING FORCES
Introduction
Gibbs Energy and Displacement from Equilibrium
Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Potentials
Ion Electrochemical Potential Differences
Photons
Bioenergetic Interconversions and Thermodynamic Constraints on their Stoichiometries
The Equilibrium Distributions of Ions, Weak Acids and Weak Bases
Membrane Potentials, Diffusion Potentials, Donnan Potentials and Surface Potentials

THE CHEMIOSMOTIC PROTON CIRCUIT
Introduction
The Measurement of Protonmotive Force
The Stoicheiometry of Proton Extrusion by the Respiratory Chain
The Stoicheiometry of Proton Uptake by the ATP Synthase
Proton Current and Respiratory Control
Proton Conductance
Mitochondrial Respiration Rate and Metabolic Control Analysis
Overall Parameters of Energy-Transduction
Reversed Electron Transfer and the Proton Circuit Driven by ATP Hydrolysis
ATP Synthesis Driven by an Artificial Protonmotive Force
Kinetic Competence of Äpin the Proton Circuit
Light-dependent ATP Synthesis by Bovine Heart ATP Synthase

RESPIRATORY CHAINS
Introduction
Components of the Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain
The Sequence of Redox Carriers in the Respiratory Chain
The Mechanism of Electron Transfer
Proton Translocation by the Respiratory Chain; "loops" or "conformational pumps" or both?
Complex I (NADH-UQ Oxidoreductase)
Delivering Electrons to Ubiquinone without Proton Translocation
Ubiquinone and Complex III (bc1 or UQ-CytcOxidoreductase)
Cytochrome c and Complex IV (CytochromecOxidase; Ferrocytochromec; O2 Oxidoreductase)
Overall Proton and Charge Movements Catalysed by the Respiratory Chain: Correlation with the P/O Ratio
Superoxide Production by Complex I and III
Oxidative Stress
The Nicotinamide Nucleotide Transhydrogenase
Electron Transport in Mitochondria of Non-Mammalian Cells
Bacterial Respiratory Chains

PHOTOSYNTHETIC GENERATORS OF PROTONMOTIVE FORCE
Introduction
The Light Reaction of Photosynthesis in Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Related Organisms
The Generation by Illumination or Respiration of Äpin Photosynthetic Bacteria
The Electron-Transfer and Light-Capture Pathway in Green Plants and Algae
Bacteriorhodpsin and Halorhodopsin

THE ATP SYNTHASE
Introduction
F1 and F0
The Subunits of the F1F0-ATPase
The Structure of F0 F1
Enzymology of ATP Synthase
Relating the Structure to Function for ATP Synthase
Non-Thermodynamic Regulation of the ATP Synthase
Proton Translocation by Other ATPases and Pyrophosphatases

METABOLITE AND ION TRANSPORT
Introduction
Mitochondrial Cation Transporters
Mitochondrial Metabolite Transporters
The Transfer of Electrons from Cytoplasmic NADH to the Respiratory Chain
The Phosphate and Adenine Nucleotide Transporters
The Uncoupling Protein Family
Bacterial Transport
Transport (Movement) of Bacterial Cells
Transport of Macromolecules Across Membranes

MITOCHONDRIA IN THE CELL
Introduction
Monitoring ÄØm and ATP Synthesis in Intact Cells
Mitochondria and Cellular Ca2+Homeostasis
Mitochondria and Programmed Cell Death
Mitochondria and Necrotic Cell Death
The Mitochondrial Genome
Import and Assembly of Mitochondrial Proteins
Mitochondrial Genetic Diseases
Mitochondrial Involvement in Neurodegenerative Diseases

References
Appendix
Index