Bioethics Around the Globe

Hardcover | June 22, 2011

EditorCatherine Myser

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Contemporary bioethics, now roughly 40 years old as a discipline, originated in the United States with a primarily Anglo-American cultural ethos. It continues to be professionalized and institutionalized as a maturing discipline at the intersections of philosophy, medicine, law, socialsciences, and humanities. Increasingly bioethics - along with its foundational values, concepts and principals - has been exported to other countries, not only in the developed West, but also in developing and/or Eastern countries. Bioethics thus continues to undergo intriguing transformations as itis globalized and adapted to local cultures. These processes have occurred rapidly in the last two decades, with relatively little reflection and examination.This volume brings together contributors from a wide variety of disciplines to take a critical, empirical look at bioethics around the globe, examining how it is being transformed - at both local and global levels - in this process of cross-cultural exporting and importing. One concern is toidentify sociocultural forces and consequences which may positively or negatively affect ethics and social justice goals. This book thereby offers the first comparative anthropology and sociology of globalizing bioethics in the field, exploring the global dissemination, local adaptations, culturalmeanings and social functions of bioethics theories, practices and institutions and comparing developed and developing countries. The volume considers a full range of countries on every inhabited continent, including: Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, Europe, the Middle East, and North America. Topics include government agendas such as nationalism and nation building; agendas of powerful, associatedprofessions (e.g., medicine, law); theological and political agendas such as 'culture wars'; agendas of entrepreneurial economies of profit; and other cultural and ideological agendas consciously or unconsciously advanced or contested by bioethics work in particular countries based on their uniquehistory, politics and culture. This cross-cultural exploration of globalizing bioethics will be of great interest to a field that is increasingly introspective about its underlying sociocultural assumptions and biases.

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Contemporary bioethics, now roughly 40 years old as a discipline, originated in the United States with a primarily Anglo-American cultural ethos. It continues to be professionalized and institutionalized as a maturing discipline at the intersections of philosophy, medicine, law, socialsciences, and humanities. Increasingly bioethics -...

Catherine Myser, Ph.D., is Director of Bioethics, Clinical Ethics, and Global Health Programs and Associate Professor of Clinical Biomedical Science in the Department of Integrated Medical Science at Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:June 22, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195386094

ISBN - 13:9780195386097

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Table of Contents

Catherine Myser: Introduction: "First Steps Toward a Comparative Anthropology and Sociology of Globalizing Bioethics: Reflecting on the Cultural Meanings and Social Functions of Bioethics"Section One - Globalizing Western Bioethics: Some Perils and Pitfalls of "Missionary Bioethics" and Ethics "Capacity Building" in the Developing World and "Eastern" World1. Raymond De Vries and Leslie Rott: "Bioethics as Missionary Work: The Export of Western Ethics to Developing Countries"2. Subrata Chattopadhyay: "Facing Up to the Hard Problems: Western Bioethics in the Eastern Land of India"3. Robert Simpson: "Capacity Building in Developing World Bioethics: Perspectives on Biomedicine and Biomedical Ethics in Contemporary Sri Lanka"Section Two - A Robust Range of Sociocultural Interests and Forces Shaping Bioethics Around the Globe1. Kristina Orfali: "French Bioethics: The Rhetoric of Universality and the Ethics of Medical Responsibility"2. Richard E. Ashcroft and Mary Dixon-Wo: "The Social Forms and Functions of Bioethics in the United Kingdom"3. Bruce Jennings: "Bioethics Between Two Worlds: The Politics of Ethics in Central Europe"4. Miguel Kottow and Moises Russo: "Bioethics in Chile and the Need for Latin American Bioethics"5. Fred Gifford and Ana Rodriguez: "Bioethics in Costa Rica: Origins and Challenges"6. Anton Van Niekerk and Solomon Benatar: "The Social Functions of Bioethics in South Africa"7. Joseph Mfutso-Bengo and Francis Masiye: "Toward an African Ubuntu/Umunthu Bioethics in Malawi in the Context of Globalization"8. Qiu Ren Zong: "Reflections on Bioethics in China: Interactions Between Bioethics and Society"Section Three - Bioethics as a Means for Negotiating Social, Regional, and/or National Identity and Bioethics as Nation-Building12. Andrea Frolic and Michael D. Coughlin and Bernard Keating: "The Dominion of Bioethics: Nationalism and Canadian Bioethics"13. Thomas Eich and Bjorn Bentlage: "Negotiating Islamic Identity in Egypt through Bioethics: Contesting 'the West' and Saudi Arabia"Section Four - Bioethics as a Battleground for Religious and Political "Culture Wars": The Politics of Bioethics14. Rob Irvine and Ian Kerridge and Paul Komesaroff: "Bioethics in Australia: On Politics, Power and the Rise of the Christian Right"15. Bruce Jennings and Jonathan Moreno: "Bioethics in the United States: Contested Terrain for Competing Visions of American Liberalism"