Biomass processing over gold catalysts by Olga A. SimakovaBiomass processing over gold catalysts by Olga A. Simakova

Biomass processing over gold catalysts

byOlga A. Simakova, Robert J. Davis, Dmitry Yu. Murzin

Paperback | July 29, 2013

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The book describes the valorization of biomass-derived compounds over gold catalysts.

Since biomass is a rich renewable feedstock for diverse platform molecules, including those currently derived from petroleum, the interest in various transformation routes has become intense. Catalytic conversion of biomass is one of the main approaches to improving the economic viability of biorefineries. In addition, Gold catalysts were found to have outstanding activity and selectivity in many key reactions.

This book collects information about transformations of the most promising and important compounds derived from cellulose, hemicelluloses, and woody biomass extractives. Since gold catalysts possess high stability under oxidative conditions, selective oxidation reactions were discussed more thoroughly than other critical reactions such as partial hydrogenation, acetalization, and isomerization.
The influence of reaction conditions, the role of the catalyst, and the advantages and disadvantages of using gold are presented for all of the reactions mentioned above.

This book provides an overview of the recent research results focusing on application of gold catalysts for synthesis of valuable chemicals using renewable feedstocks.

Prof. Robert Davis obtained his Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering from Stanford University in 1989, and did postdoctoral research in the Chemistry Department at the University of Namur in Belgium. He joined the faculty in Chemical Engineering at the University of Virginia in 1990 as an assistant professor, was promoted to associate ...
Title:Biomass processing over gold catalystsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:54 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.17 inPublished:July 29, 2013Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319009052

ISBN - 13:9783319009056

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Table of Contents


1. Introduction. 3

1.1.Biomass Derived Compounds. 4

1.1.1. Sugar-derived Chemicals. 4

1.1.2. Extractives and their Derivatives. 6

1.2.Gold Catalysts. 10

2. Selective Oxidation/Dehydrogenation Reactions. 12

2.1.Primary Alcohol and Aldehyde Oxidation. 12

2.1.1. Ethanol Oxidation. 12

2.1.2. 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF) Oxidation. 15

2.1.3. Selective Oxidation of Sugars. 17 Selective Oxidation of Glucose. 17 Oxidation of Arabinose, Galactose and Other Sugars. 19

2.2.Secondary Alcohols Oxidation. 21

2.3.Polyalcohol Oxidation. 23

3. Acetalization. 31

4.N-alkylation. 32

5. Selective Hydrogenation Reactions. 35

6. Double Bond Oxidation Reactions. 36

7. Isomerization Reactions. 38

7.1.Isomerization of Linoleic Acid. 38

7.2.Isomerization of α-Pinene. 39

8. Gold Catalysts Stability. 40

9. Summary. 43

References. 44