Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Hardcover | October 2, 2013

EditorIlina Singh, Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong, Julian Savulecu

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Many decisions in the legal system and elsewhere depend on predictions of bad behaviors, including crimes and mental illnesses. Some scientists have suggested recently that these predictions can become more accurate and useful if they are based in part on biological information, such as brainstructure and function, genes, and hormones. The prospect of such bioprediction, however, raises serious concerns about errors and injustice. Can biological information significantly increase the accuracy of predictions of bad behavior? Will innocent or harmless people be mistakenly treated as if they were guilty or dangerous? Is it fair to keep people in prisons or mental institutions longer because of their biology? Will these newinstruments of bioprediction be abused in practice within current institutions? Is bioprediction worth the cost? Do we want our government to use biology in this way? All of these scientific, legal, and ethical questions are discussed in this volume. The contributors are prominent neuroscientists,psychologists, sociologists, philosophers, ethicists, and legal scholars. This volume will interest everyone with hopes that bioprediction will solve problems or fears that bioprediction will be applied unjustly.

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Many decisions in the legal system and elsewhere depend on predictions of bad behaviors, including crimes and mental illnesses. Some scientists have suggested recently that these predictions can become more accurate and useful if they are based in part on biological information, such as brainstructure and function, genes, and hormones....

Ilina Singh is with the Methodology Institute at the London School of Economics. Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong is Chancey Stillman Professor of Ethics and Professor of Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. Julian Savulecu is with the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Oxford University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:242 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:October 2, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199844186

ISBN - 13:9780199844180

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Table of Contents

Philip Campbell: ForewordContributors1. Ilina Singh and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong: Introduction: Deviance, classification and bio-prediction2. Matthew Baum and Julian Savulescu: Behavioural Biomarkers: What Are They Good For? Towards the Ethical Use of Biomarker3. Charlotte Walsh: Bioprediction in Youth Justice4. John Monahan: The Inclusion of Biological Risk Factors in Violence Risk Assessments5. Christopher Slobogin: Bioprediction in Criminal Cases6. Colin Campbell and Nigel Eastman: The Limits of Legal Use of Neuroscience7. Paul Root Wolpe: Rethinking the Implications of Discovering Biomarkers for Biologically-Based Criminality8. Joshua W. Buckholtz and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg: MAOA and the Bioprediction of Antisocial Behavior: Science Fact and Science Fiction9. Essi Viding and Ewan McCrory: Genetic biomarker research of callous-unemotional traits in children: Implications for the law and policy making10. John Dylan-Haynes: The neural code for intentions in the human brain11. Michael Rutter: Biomarkers: Potential and challenges12. Vince D. Calhoun and Mohammad R. Arbabshirania: Neuroimaging-based Automatic Classification of Schizophrenia