Bits and Atoms explores the governance potential found in the explosive growth of digital information and communication technology in areas of limited statehood. Until recently, places without an effective state were also without the means to communicate internally or with the larger world.Entire communities - indeed entire nations - were cut off, and information was scarce and costly - but all of that has changed.Today, places with weak or altogether missing state institutions are tied internally and to the larger world by widely available digital technology. This book considers the political ramifications of the unparalleled growth of mobile phones around the world (6 billion subscriptions in 2013), variousopen source digital mapping platforms, high-resolution remote sensing satellites, and a variety of purpose-built software applications for the provision of collective goods. This revolution in access has created digitally enabled collective action in an era of relative information abundance as analternative governance modality in areas of limited statehood. The chapters in this book explore whether the growth in digital technology can fill the governance vacuum created by the absence of an effective state in North Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union.Yet, as potentially revolutionary as this technology can be to areas of limited statehood, it still faces limitations. This alternative governance modality can alert others in the polity that medicine, effective policing, clean water, food, and sanitation are needed in a particular place and time,and it can facilitate more cost effective ways of getting them into place. But, as this book demonstrates, bits can only do so much in the provision of atoms. Bits and Atoms is a thought-provoking look at the prospects for and limitations of digital technology to function in place of traditionalstate apparatuses.