Blood Feuds: AIDS, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster

Paperback | April 1, 1999

EditorEric Feldman, Ronald Bayer

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In the mid-1980s public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as well as tens of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, had been infected with HIV-tainted blood. This book provides a comparativeperspective on the political, legal, and social struggles that emerged in response to the HIV contamination of the blood supply of the industrialized world. It describes how eight nations responded to the first signs that AIDS might be transmitted through blood, how early efforts to secure the bloodsupply faltered, and what measures were ultimately implemented to resolve the contamination. The authors detail the remarkable mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the state, the medical establishment, and their own caregivers to seek recompense and justice. In the end, the bloodestablishments in almost all the advanced industrial nations were shaken. In Canada, the Red Cross was forced to withdraw from blood collection and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical firms that manufactured clotting factor agreed to massive compensation -- $500,000 per hemophiliac infected. InFrance, blood officials went to prison. Even in Denmark, where the number of infected hemophiliacs was relatively small, the struggle and litigation surrounding blood has resulted in the most protracted legal and administrative conflict in modern Danish history. Blood Feuds brings together chapterson the experiences of the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with four comparative essays that shed light on the cultural, institutional, and economic dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.

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In the mid-1980s public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as well as tens of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, had been infected with HIV-tainted blood. This book provides a comparativeperspective on the political, legal, and social strugg...

Eric A. Feldman is at New York University. Ronald Bayer is at Columbia University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 5.98 × 9.09 × 1.1 inPublished:April 1, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195131606

ISBN - 13:9780195131604

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Table of Contents

Part I: National Encounters with Blood and AIDS1. Ronald Bayer and Eric Feldman: Introduction: Understanding the Blood Feuds2. Ronald Bayer: Blood and AIDS in America: Science, Politics, and the Making of an Iatrogenic Catastrophe3. Eric Feldman: HIV and Blood in Japan: Transforming Private Conflict into Public Scandal4. Monika Steffen: The Nations Blood: Medicine, Justice, and the State in France5. Norbert Gilmore and Margaret Somerville: From Trust to Tragedy: HIV / AIDS and the Canadian Blood System6. Erik Albaek: The Never-Ending Story? The Political and Legal Controversies over HIV and the Blood Supply in Denmark7. Stephan Dressler: Blood Scandal and AIDS in Germany8. Umberto Izzo: Blood, Bureaucracy and Law: Responding to the HIV-Tainted Blood in Italy9. John Ballard: HIV-Contaminated Blood and Australian Policy: The Limits of SuccessPart II: Comparative Perspectives on the Politics of Medical Disaster10. Dorothy Nelkin: Cultural Perspectives on Blood11. David Kirp: The Politics of Blood: Hemophilia Activism in the AIDS Crisis12. Sherry Glied: The Circulation of the Blood: AIDS, Blood and the Economics of Information13. Theodore Marmor, Patricia Dillon, and Stephen Scher: Conclusion: The Comparative Politics of Contaminated Blood: From Hesitancy to Scandal

Editorial Reviews

"A major contribution of Blood Feuds is that its comparative analysis of national experiences should puncture any complacency that may exist about the absolute safety of Canada's blood supply, or about the likelihood that our public health and political systems will respond more effectively tofuture health threats. This book will raise serious questions about the appropriateness of the resulting changes that have been made in many national blood systems." -- Jan Skirrow, Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Newsletter, Vol 5, No. 2/3, Spring/Summer 2000