Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English

Paperback | March 18, 2015

byPhilip Durkin

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The rich variety of the English vocabulary reflects the vast number of words it has taken from other languages. These range from Latin, Greek, Scandinavian, Celtic, French, Italian, Spanish, and Russian to, among others, Hebrew, Maori, Malay, Chinese, Hindi, Japanese, and Yiddish. He shows howto discover the origins of loanwords, when and why they were adopted, and what happens to them once they have been. The long documented history of English includes contact with languages in a variety of contexts, including: the dissemination of Christian culture in Latin in Anglo-Saxon England, andthe interactions of French, Latin, Scandinavian, Celtic, and English during the Middle Ages; exposure to languages throughout the world during the colonial era; and the effects of using English as an international language of science. Philip Durkin describes these and other historical inputs,introducing the approaches each requires, from the comparative method for the earliest period to documentary and corpus research in the modern. The discussion is illustrated at every point with examples taken from a variety of different sources. The framework Dr Durkin develops can be used to explore lexical borrowing in any language. This outstanding book is for everyone interested in English etymology and in loanwords moregenerally.

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The rich variety of the English vocabulary reflects the vast number of words it has taken from other languages. These range from Latin, Greek, Scandinavian, Celtic, French, Italian, Spanish, and Russian to, among others, Hebrew, Maori, Malay, Chinese, Hindi, Japanese, and Yiddish. He shows howto discover the origins of loanwords, when ...

Philip Durkin is Deputy Chief Editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, and has led the dictionary's team of specialists in etymology for the past fifteen years. His Oxford Guide to Etymology (2009; paperback 2011) has quickly become the standard work in the field.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:512 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 1.11 inPublished:March 18, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198736495

ISBN - 13:9780198736493

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Table of Contents

Part I: Introduction1. Introducing concepts2. Introducing the dataPart II: Early Contacts in Continental Europe and Britain3. Historical and cultural background to c. 11504. Very early borrowings into Germanic5. Old English in contact with CelticPart III: Old English and Proto-Old English in Contact with latinIntroduction to Part III6. An overview of Latin loanwords in Old English7. Interrogating the data from Chapter 68. Methodologies: sound change; word geography; loanwords versus semantic borrowingConclusions to Part IIIPart IV: Scandinavian InfluenceIntroduction to Part IV9. Introduction to Scandinavian loanwords in English10. Identifying Scandinavian borrowings, and assessing their ImpactConclusions to Part IVPart V: Borrowing from French and Latin in Middle EnglishIntroduction to Part V11. Exploring the contact situation and identifying loans12. Quantifying French and Latin contributions to Middle English13. Example passages from English and multilingual textsConclusions to Part VPart VI: Loanwords into English after 1500; how Borrowing has Affected the LexiconIntroduction to Part VI14. Borrowing from Latin and French after 150015. Loanwords from other languages: test cases16. Long-term effects of loanwords on the shape of the English lexicon17. General conclusions and pointers for further investigationReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"Philip Durkin introduces and investigates how successive phases of language contact have made their mark on the vocabulary of English. Underlying the whole enterprise is an impressive, sagacious control of basic (and more advanced) principles, which are gradually laid out before the readerand illustrated with much thought. This is an important and engaging book." --Richard Dance, University of Cambridge 20/03/2013