Brain and Behavior: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hardcover | December 29, 2015

byDavid Eagleman, Jonathan Downar

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Brain and Behavior addresses the central aims of cognitive neuroscience, examining the brain not only by its components but also by its functions. Emphasizing the dynamically changing nature of the brain, the text highlights the principles, discoveries, and remaining mysteries of moderncognitive neuroscience to give students a firm grounding in this fascinating subject.

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Brain and Behavior addresses the central aims of cognitive neuroscience, examining the brain not only by its components but also by its functions. Emphasizing the dynamically changing nature of the brain, the text highlights the principles, discoveries, and remaining mysteries of moderncognitive neuroscience to give students a firm gro...

David Eagleman is a neuroscientist, New York Times best-selling author, and Guggenheim Fellow who holds joint appointments in the Departments of Neuroscience and Psychiatry at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. Dr. Eagleman's areas of research include time perception, vision, synesthesia, and the intersection of neuroscience...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:688 pages, 11.1 × 8.58 × 1.3 inPublished:December 29, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195377680

ISBN - 13:9780195377682

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Table of Contents

Part I: The Basics1. Introduction- Starting Out: A Spark of Awe in the DarknessWho Are We?In Pursuit of PrinciplesHow We Know What We KnowThinking Critically about the BrainThe Big Questions in Cognitive NeuroscienceThe Payoffs of Cognitive Neuroscience2. The Brain and Nervous System- Starting Out: The Brains of Creatures Great and SmallAn Overview of the Nervous SystemThe Peripheral Nervous SystemThe Spinal CordThe BrainstemThe CerebellumThe Diencephalon: Hypothalamus and Thalamus3. Neurons and Synapses- Starting Out: The Kabuki Actor and the PufferfishThe Cells of the BrainSynaptic Transmission: Chemical Signaling in the BrainSpikes: Electrical Signaling in the BrainIndividuals and Populations4. Neuroplasticity- Starting Out: The Child with Half a BrainThe Brain Dynamically Reorganizes to Match Its InputsThe Brain Distributes Resources Based on RelevanceA Sensitive Period for Plastic ChangesHardwiring versus World ExperienceThe Mechanics of ReorganizationChanging the Input ChannelsPart II: How the Brain Interacts with the World5. Vision- Starting Out: Vision Is More Than the EyesVisual PerceptionAnatomy of the Visual SystemHigher Visual AreasPerception is Active, Not PassiveVision Relies on Expectations6. Other Senses- Starting Out: The Man with the Bionic EarDirecting Data from the WorldThe Somatosensory SystemChemical SensesThe Brain is Multisensory7. The Motor System- Starting Out: "Locked-In Syndrome"MusclesThe Spinal CordThe CerebellumThe Motor CortexThe Prefrontal Cortex: Goals to Strategies to Tactics to ActionsBasal GangliaMedial and Lateral Motor Systems: Internally and Externally Guided Movement ControlPart III: Higher Levels of Interaction8. Attention and Consciousness- Starting Out: The Stream of ConsciousnessAwareness Requires AttentionApproaches to Studying Attention and AwarenessNeural Mechanisms of Attention and AwarenessSites of Attentional Modulation: Neurons and Neural PopulationsSynchronization, Attention, and Awareness Coma and Vegitative State: Anatomy of the Conscious StateAnesthesia and Sleep: Rhythms of ConsciousnessTheories of Consciousness9. Memory- Starting Out: "The Woman Who Cannot Forget"The Many Kinds of MemoryTravels in Space and Time: The Hippocampus and Temporal LobeRemembering the Future: Prospection and ImaginationThe Confabulation of RealityThe Mechanisms of MemoryBeyond Synaptic Plasticity: The Frontiers of Memory MechanismsThe Mysteries of Memory10. Sleep- Starting Out: Caught between Sleeping and WakingSleep and the BrainThe Circadian RhythmWhy Do Brains Sleep?DreamingSleep Deprivation and Disorders11. Language and Lateralization- Starting Out: The Stuttering KingSpeech, Language, and Communication Aphasia: The LossA Language NetworkLateralization: The Two Hemispheres Are Not IdenticalDevelopment of LanguagePart IV: Motivated Behaviors12. Decision Making- Starting Out: A Fatal Mistake, at the Highest Place on EarthHow Do We Decide What to Do?The Predictably Irrational Homo sapiensWhere Do Our Irrational Decisions Come From?How the Brain DecidesThe Common Currency of Subjective ValueA Hierarchy of Internally Guided Decision MakingModulators of Decision Making13. Emotions- Starting Out: Sadness, at the Flip of a SwitchEarly Theories of EmotionCore Limbic Structures: Amygdala and HypothalamusThe Limbic Cortex and EmotionsNeurochemical Influences on Emotion14. Motivation and Reward- Starting Out: "More Important Than Survival Itself"Motivation and SurvivalThe Circuitry of Motivation: Basic DrivesReward, Learning, and the BrainOpioids and the Sensation of PleasureDopamine, Learning, Motivation, and RewardAddiction: Pathological Learning and MotivationUnlearning Addiction15. Social Cognition- Starting Out: Why Risk Your Life for a Yellow T-shirt?Social PerceptionSocial Thinking: Theory of MindSocial Feelings: Empathy and Its Many ComponentsSocial Emotions, Motivations, and BehaviorNeurotransmitters and Social BehaviorThe Social SelfPart V: Disorders of Brain and Behavior16. Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders- Starting Out: Epilepsy: "The Sacred Disease"Alzheimer's Disease: Burning Out with Age?Frontotemporal Dementia: Like a Cancer of the SoulHuntington's Disease: A Genetic Rarity, in Two SensesTourette Syndrome: A Case of Involunatry Volition?Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Neurological or Psychiatric?Schizophrenia: A Dementia of the YoungBipolar DisorderDepression: A Global Burden

Editorial Reviews

"I like the authors' approach. They ask intriguing, meaningful questions and write clearly. They express wonder at new methods in neuroscience that are answering questions of how mind can emerge from the action of interconnected neurons. Their use of case studies and features keep the textmoving." --Lewis Barker, Auburn University