Brazil: Five Centuries of Change by Thomas E. SkidmoreBrazil: Five Centuries of Change by Thomas E. Skidmore

Brazil: Five Centuries of Change

byThomas E. Skidmore

Paperback | June 6, 2009

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Revised and updated in this second edition, Brazil: Five Centuries of Change vividly traces the development of Brazil over the last 500 years. Author Thomas E. Skidmore, a preeminent authority on Brazil, provides a lively political and economic narrative while also including relevant detailson society and culture. Skidmore's particularly major revision of the colonial chapters begins with the discovery of Brazil by Pedro Alvares Cabral and includes Portugal's remarkable command of the vast country in the face of Spanish, French, and Dutch colonial interests. The text goes on to coverthe move of the Portuguese monarchy to Brazil in 1808, the country's independence in 1822, establishment of the Empire within the context of expansion of the coffee trade, the importance of slavery in nineteenth-century Brazil, and the move towards abolition. This second edition offers anunparallelled look at Brazil in the twentieth century, including in-depth coverage of the 1930 revolution and Vargas's rise to power; the ensuing unstable democratic period and the military coups that followed; and the reemergence of democracy in 1985. It concludes with the recent presidency of LuizInacio "Lula" da Silva, covering such economic successes as record-setting exports, dramatic foreign debt reduction, and improved income distribution. The second edition features numerous new images and a new bibliographic guide to recent works on Brazilian history for use by both instructors andstudents.Informed by the most recent scholarship available, Brazil: Five Centuries of Change, Second Edition, explores the country's many blessings--ethnic diversity, racial democracy, a vibrant cultural life, and a wealth of natural resources. It also looks at Brazil's historically severeproblems--including political instability, military rule, chronic inflation, and international debt--and its deplorable environmental record. An ideal choice for undergraduate and graduate courses in Latin American history, this eloquent and detailed look at Brazil will be the standard history ofthe country for years to come.
Thonmas E. Skidmore is Carlos Manuel de Cepedes Professor of History Emeritus at Brown University.
Title:Brazil: Five Centuries of ChangeFormat:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9.2 × 6.1 × 0.7 inPublished:June 6, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019537455X

ISBN - 13:9780195374551

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Table of Contents

List of ExhibitsPrefaceIntroduction: A Brief Sketch of Brazil and Its Place in the World1. The Birth and Growth of Colonial BrazilPortuguese Arrival in the New WorldFactors Leading Up to Cabral's VoyageEarly Consolidation of the MonarchyA Social Structure with a Merchant ClassLong-standing Involvement in Trade RoutesToo Small to Send Nationals to Send AbroadSecuring the FrontiersFrom Trading to ColonizingBrazil's Colonial Economy and Its Nexus with PortugalThe Influence of Enlightenment IdeasConspiracies against the Portuguese2. Peoples and Drams in the Making of the ColonyHunting Indigenous People for Enslavement and the Jesuit RoleThe Portuguese Explorers and Their ExpeditionsThe Role of the MamelucoThe Concept of Race as Applied to Indians in the ColonyThe Place of African Slaves and Free ColoredsThe Persistence of the African in Brazilian CultureFrom Colony to Independence to MonarchyThe Portuguese Court Comes to BrazilCreating a New Portuguese AmericaBrazilian HierarchiesThe Tribulations of Brazil's First EmperorUprisings under the RegencyRecentralizationThe Role of Pedro IIThe Rise of CoffeeThe Emerging Problems with Slavery as an InstitutionThe Question of AbolitionThe Paraguayan WarThe Making of "Modern" BrazilA New Generation and the Military QuestionAbolition and Its Aftermath: The Brazilian WayThe End of the EmpireSelling Brazil"Whitening" BrazilThe Reality behind the FacadeCoffee Fluctuations, Emerging Industry, and Urban LaborThe Roots of IndustrializationWorker Organization and Employers' StrategyEvaporation of the Oligarchical ConsensusA Message from BelowEconomic StrainsBuilding to a Dictatorship and World War IIThe Shock of World War IThe Economy after the WarBrazil's Uneven DevelopmentNew Currents in the 1920sModernism, Brazilian StyleRise of Anti-Liberal ThoughtThe Disintegration of the Old PoliticsThe Revolution of 1930Swing toward CentralizationIdeological PolarizationGetulio Vargas as DictatorThe Vargas StyleCorporatist InroadsA New Search for National IdentityJuggling the International OptionsWorld War II and the Rise of U.S. InfluenceCollapse of the Dictatorship at Home6. Returning to Democracy, for a WhileThe 1945 Election and the Dutra PeriodVargas ReturnsFrom Oligarch to PopulistVargas's Legislative Program Runs into TroubleSuicidePopulation Growth, Regional Disequilibria, and MigrationA New President, Juscelino Kubitschek, ElectedPolitical StrategyThe Economic Development ProgramDealing with the World EconomyThe Brief Presidency of Janio QuadrosThe Succession of Joao GoulartPopulists versus the MilitaryThe Economic Crisis Escalates7. Rule of the MilitaryThe Generals Search for a Political BaseGrowing Opposition, Growing Repression: 1964-67Triumph of the Hard LineThe Arrival of the GuerrillasBrazilian Culture and the GeneralsThe Effects of RepressionMilitary Rule and Questions about Brazilian Political CultureThe Economic "Miracle" Wrought by the AuthoritariansThe Benefits and Costs of Foreign LoansThe Winners and LosersThe Road to RedemocratizationBattles within the Officer CorpsManipulating the Electoral System8. Redemocratization--New Hope, Old ProblemsAn Unintended SuccessionSarney and the New DemocracyThe Cruzado PlanThe Debt Crisis and the EconomyLost InvestmentThe Brain DrainWidening Gaps between Rich and PoorEducation and Health CareHousing and CommunicationsPublic Health: A Success StoryChanges Affecting WomenRace RelationsContemporary CultureThe Political Spectrum in the New DemocracyThe Collor DebacleThe ElectionThe PoliciesThe EndAnother Vice President in CommandBack to Stabilization: The Plano RealThe Presidential Election of 1994The Cardoso Government's first TermGoing for a Second TermSocial Justice DelayedSelling Off the StateBrazil in the Shadow of an Argentine Default9. Brazilian Democracy Takes a New Turn: Or Does It?Lula Finally Becomes LegitimateThe 2002 Presidential CampaignLula's First StepsThe PT in PowerExports Take Center Stage as Lula Continues to GovernGovernment Fortunes Further Reverse as the PT Tastes ScandalThe Last Year of Lula's First TermThe Economy in 2006Some Hard Lessons for Lula's SocialismThe Landless MovementRiots among the Criminal PopulationConflicts with Bolivia over Natural GasThe 2006 Presidential CampaignLula's Second Term and the Outlook AheadLula's LuckWhat's Next?Suggestions for Further ReadingIndex