Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

Hardcover | July 15, 2013

EditorDrude Dahlerup, Monique Leyenaar

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Has male dominance in political life been broken? Will gender balance in elected assemblies soon be reached? Around 100 years after women's suffrage was gained, and in spite of much effort, most countries are still at some distance from this goal. In 2012, the average representation of womenin the world's parliaments was around 20 per cent. This book analyses the longitudinal development of women's political representation in eight old democracies, where women were enfranchised before and around World War I: Denmark, Iceland, Germany, The Netherlands, New Jersey (USA), New South Wales(Australia), Sweden, and the United Kingdom. These countries/states have all followed an incremental track model of change in women's position in political life, but have followed different trajectories. This slow development stands in contrast to recent examples of fast track development in manycountries from the Global South, not least as a result of the adoption of gender quotas. Furthermore, the book discusses in four separate chapters the common historical development in old democracies, the different trajectories and sequences, the framing of women politicians, and the impact of partyand party system change. In this book an innovative model of male dominance is developed and defined in terms of both degree and scope. Four stages are identified: male monopoly, small minority, large minority, and gender balance. The book then reconceptualizes male dominance by looking at horizontal and vertical sexsegregation in politics, at male-coded norms in the political workplace and at discourses of women as politicians.According to the time-lag theory, gender balance in politics will gradually be achieved. However, this theory is challenged by recent stagnation and drops in women's representation in some of the old democracies. A new concept of conditional irreversibility is developed in the final discussion aboutwhether we are heading for gender balance in politics.

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Has male dominance in political life been broken? Will gender balance in elected assemblies soon be reached? Around 100 years after women's suffrage was gained, and in spite of much effort, most countries are still at some distance from this goal. In 2012, the average representation of womenin the world's parliaments was around 20 per ...

Drude Dahlerup is Professor of Political Science at Stockholm University, Sweden and was educated at University of Aarhus in Denmark. Her published works on gender and politics include The New Women's Movement. Feminism and Political Power in Europe and the U.S.A (ed., 1986); Rodstromperne. Den danske Rodstrompebevaegelses udviking, ny...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:352 pagesPublished:July 15, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199653895

ISBN - 13:9780199653898

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Table of Contents

Drude Dahlerup and Monique Leyenaar: IntroductionSusan Carroll and Kelly E. Dittmar: New Jersey: Preparedness Meets OpportunityMarian Sawer: New South Wales: Entering too late? Women in Parliamentary PoliticsJoni Lovenduski: United Kingdom: Male Dominance Broken?Lenita Freidenvall: Sweden: Step by step - Women's Inroads to Parliamentary PoliticsAudur Styrkarsdottir: Iceland: Breaking Male Dominance by Extraordinary MeansDrude Dahlerup: Denmark: High Representation of Women without Gender QuotasMonique Leyenaar: Netherlands: Gender Balance here to stay?Brigitte Geissel: Germany: Successful Quota Rules in a Gendered SocietyDrude Dahlerup and Monique Leyenaar: Breaking Male Dominance in PoliticsDrude Dahlerup: Trajectories and Processes of Change in Women's RepresentationLenita Freidenvall and Marian Sawer: Framing Women Politicians in Old DemocraciesMonique Leyenaar and Drude Dahlerup: Gender and Party ChangeDrude Dahlerup and Monique Leyenaar: Conclusion