Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young Peoples Urban Crime

Paperback | July 6, 2013

byPer-Olof H. Wikstrom, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber

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Why do certain people commit acts of crime? Why does crime happen in certain places? Presenting an ambitious new study designed to test a pioneering new theory of the causes of crime, Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime demonstrates that thesequestions can only go so far in explaining why crime happens - and, therefore, in preventing it. Based on the work of the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+), Breaking Rules presents an analysis of the urban structure of Peterborough and its relation to young people's social life. Contemporary sciences state that behaviour is the outcome of an interaction betweenpeople and the environments to which they are exposed, and it is precisely that interaction and its relation to young people's crime involvement that PADS+ explores. Driven by a ground-breaking theory of crime, Situational Action Theory, which aims to explain why people break rules, it implementsinnovative methods of measuring social environments and people's exposure to them, involving a cohort of 700 young people growing up in the UK city of Peterborough. It focuses on the important adolescent time window, ages 12 to 17, during which young people's crime involvement is at its peak, usingunique space-time budget data to explore young people's time use, movement patterns, and the spatio-temporal characteristics of their crime involvement. Presenting the first study of this kind, both in breadth and detail, with significant implications for policy and prevention, Breaking Rules should not only be of great interest to academic readers, but also to policy-makers and practitioners, interested in issues of urban environments, crime withinurban environments, and the role of social environments in crime causation.

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Why do certain people commit acts of crime? Why does crime happen in certain places? Presenting an ambitious new study designed to test a pioneering new theory of the causes of crime, Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime demonstrates that thesequestions can only go so far in explaining why c...

Professor Per-Olof H. Wikstrom is Professor of Ecological and Developmental Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, and Professorial Fellow of Girton College. He is the director of the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+). Dr Dietrich Oberwittler has been working with Principa...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:512 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.68 inPublished:July 6, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199687099

ISBN - 13:9780199687091

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Table of Contents

PART 1 - Analysing crime as situational action: Theory, methods, key constructs, and basic findings1. Situational Action Theory (SAT)2. The Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+)3. Young people's crime, crime propensity, and criminogenic exposure: Key constructs and basic findingsPART 2 - The social dynamics of young people's urban crime4. Peterborough, its urban structure, and crime5. Young offenders and their crimes in the urban environment6. Young people, their activities, and criminogenic exposurePART 3 - The situational dynamics of young people's crime7. The crime convergence: Kinds of people in kinds of settings8. Choosing crime as an alternative: Crime propensity, the perception-choice process, and crimePART 4 - It's all about interactions9. Key findings and implicationsAppendicesTechnical appendixSpace-time budget coding appendix

Editorial Reviews

"one of the most important recent studies of crime and offending involving young people and a crucial book for police officers leading or designing crime reduction or preventive strategies." --Peter Neyroud, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice