Breaking the Poverty Cycle: The Human Basis for Sustainable Development

Hardcover | September 9, 2010

bySusan Pick, Jenna T. Sirkin

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Pick and Sirkin show how IMIFAP, a Mexican NGO, has employed a development strategy to encourage the establishment of a participatory, healthy and educated citizenry. The program strategy is grounded in Amartya Sen's approach to sustainable development through expanding individual'scapabilities and freedoms.It presents the Framework for Enabling Empowerment (FrEE) and the step by step strategy "Programming for Choice," based on the practical experience and evaluation of IMIFAP's programs. The end goal is to achieve sustainable community and individual development that can be expanded across a varietyof life domains (social, economic, political, education, health and psychological). The book shows how community development can be enhanced if people are enabled to make accountable choices and expand their alternatives. International development efforts will not be sustainable if we continue to build schools without quality teachers; health clinics without enhancing logisticaland psychological access and improving quality of care; and laws that are not enforced. Institutions will only flourish if their leaders and bureaucrats enhance their personal capabilities. The central premise of the book is that enhancing skills, knowledge and reducing psychological and contextualbarriers to change are central (and often neglected) aspects of sustainable development.IMIFAP was founded in 1984. Through its health promotion and poverty reduction work it has reached over 19 million people in 14 countries through over 40 different programs and over 280 educational materials with support from over 300 funding agencies and government and private institutions. Itsmission is to enable society's poor and vulnerable to take charge of their lives through helping them develop their potential. We have found that through the IMIFAP "I want to, I can" programs people take the control of their lives in their own hands. Examples of these results are presentedincluding numerous testimonies.

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Pick and Sirkin show how IMIFAP, a Mexican NGO, has employed a development strategy to encourage the establishment of a participatory, healthy and educated citizenry. The program strategy is grounded in Amartya Sen's approach to sustainable development through expanding individual'scapabilities and freedoms.It presents the Framework f...

Dr. Susan Pick is a Professor of Social Psychology who has directed and carried out research, development and implementation of pioneering programs in health promotion, education and poverty reduction. Dr. Pick obtained her degrees in Social Psychology at London University, England. She is Professor at the Faculty of Psychology of the ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 6.1 × 9.76 × 0.98 inPublished:September 9, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195383168

ISBN - 13:9780195383164

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgements1. IntroductionThe Capability Approach and its Implications for DevelopmentPsychology as Related to DevelopmentThe Foundation of the Framework:Personal Agency and Intrinsic EmpowermentThe Framework for Enabling Empowerment (FrEE)Considerations for Development of ProgramsSummary of the ChaptersSection I: Setting the Scene2. Socio-cultural Norms as Impediments to Individual and Social Change: The Case of MexicoThe Pressure to Conform in MexicoExamples of Prevailing Mexican Socio-Cultural NormsPolitical CultureNorms as Psychological Barriers to ChangeConclusions: Overcoming Psychological Barriers3. TestimoniesSilvia and LorenaFelipe, Luisa and CarmenSusanaConclusions4. The Framework for Enabling EmpowermentFoundations of the Framework: Access to Choice and Behavior ChangePersonal AgencyExtrinsic and Intrinsic EmpowermentThe Framework for Enabling Empowerment ConclusionsSection II: Sustainable Human Development5. Development as Enhancing CapabilitiesThe Historical Context of Development EconomicsThe Capability ApproachConclusions6. The Elements of FrEE: Enhancing Opportunities and Reducing Barriers to Development by Addressing Situational DemandsAttitudes and Intentions as Concepts Focusing on BehaviorsBeliefs, Action and the Need for KnowledgeGoing Beyond Knowledge: Skills and CompetenciesLife Skills in IMIFAP ProgramsConclusions: From the antecedents of choice to actual expansion of freedoms7. Behaviors as ChoiceBehavior Change as an OutcomeConsequences of Behavior Change: Extension of Impact to the Person Frame of FrEEConsequences of Changes in the Person: Extension of Impact to the Context Frame of FrEEA Note on Behavior ChangeConclusions8. ContextEducational ContextEconomic ContextGovernment ContextHealth ContextConclusionsSection III: Development Strategies9. Strategy for Program Development and ImplementationStages of Program Development and ImplementationConclusions10. ConclusionA Psychological ApproachAppendix:Program: 'I want to, I can prevent pregnancies'Program: 'I want to, I can prevent violence'Program: 'I want to, I can integral human development'Program: 'I want to, I can learn to be dad and mom'Program: 'I want to, I can care for my health and exercise my rights'Program: 'I want to, I can start my own business'Program: 'Comprehensive Community Development'Further acknowledgementsGlossary