Breaking Through: The Birth of Chinas Opening-up Policy

Hardcover | February 1, 2010

byLanqing Li

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As this remarkable story begins, the Chinese people were just recovering from the devastating effects of the Cultural Revolution and the loss of the country's revered leader Chairman Mao. Deep pockets of ultra-leftist thinking remained, and reformers determined to help bring the Chineseeconomy and industry out of its backward state faced the challenge of a lifetime. Against tremendous odds and resistance, a determined team of reformers, led by Deng Xiaoping, guided China out of its decades-long international isolation and economic stagnation. Westerners witnessing this astonishing national transformation over the past three decades are familiar with the general outlines of the story of China's economic miracle. But few people - even within China - know the story behind the story. Who were the people who actually made this happen? Whatwere the inside machinations that to China's shift from a planned to a market-oriented economy? By what political and policy processes were the special economic zones, which paved the way to international trade and economic growth, approved and allowed to flourish? Li Lanqing, a senior Chineseofficial at the forefront of the economic reforms revealed this story for the first time to Chinese readers in 2008, in his acclaimed book Breaking Through. This English edition now offers English readers a rare window onto one of the greatest economic stories of the twentieth century. Li Lanqing, former Minister for Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, among his numerous other official titles, makes a perfect guide to the players and key events of the early days of reform. He was present at the drafting table for many of China's chief decision about the open door policy -including China's first joint venture law - and was present at the negotiating table for the earliest foreign joint ventures, as well as China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). This book is informed, not only by Li's personal experience as a trailblazer and a decision-maker, butalso by some 330 declassified files, documents and hand-written scripts hitherto unavailable to the public. Breaking Through is not only an historically important book - comprehensive and meticulously detailed - it is also filled with bittersweet and often-amusing personal anecdotes about China'schallenges before and during the reform years (from 1977 onwards). This book is a fitting commemoration and tribute to all the stalwart figures who played a role in China's debut onto the world economic scene, upon the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary of China's Opening and ReformPolicy.

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As this remarkable story begins, the Chinese people were just recovering from the devastating effects of the Cultural Revolution and the loss of the country's revered leader Chairman Mao. Deep pockets of ultra-leftist thinking remained, and reformers determined to help bring the Chineseeconomy and industry out of its backward state fac...

Li Lanqing is a senior Chinese official who presided over some of the key economic policy decisions and reforms of China's reform era. He has held many important official positions within the Chinese government, including Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China,...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:480 pages, 9.21 × 5.98 × 0.07 inPublished:February 1, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198016921

ISBN - 13:9780198016922

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Table of Contents

Note About TerminologyIntroduction by the TranslatorsAuthor's Preface to the English EditionA Dialogue with the Author1. The Open Door Becomes a Key State PolicyEmbargo and Isolation in the Early Years of New ChinaSelf-Imposed Seclusion under Ultra-Leftist Ideology'Closed-Doorism' Sets the Economy at an ImpassePeople's Choice: Deng's Third Comeback to PowerThe Debate over 'Emancipating the Mind' and the 'the Criterion for Truth'Restoring Order and Setting Things RightSounding Out the Outside WorldAn Historic Turning Point for China2. The Birth of Special Economic ZonesShekou, the Opening SalvoGuangdong and Fujian Get the Green Light to Set the PaceSetting Up a 'Frontline General Staff'From Special Export Zones to Special Economic ZonesWhat Is Special about Special Economic Zones?Fording the River by Groping for StonesThe Policy for Special Economic Zones Is SoundDesigning a Framework for Opening up Coastal Regions3. A New Priority: Bringing in Advanced Technology and EquipmentUninterrupted Learning is the Key to ProgressBraving Interference; Making Foreign Things Serve ChinaBoosting Technology Importation Becomes a Major State PolicyOpening up More Avenues for Bringing in Foreign TechnologyStriving for Innovation and Transcendence4. Foreign Investment: Lessons for the Open Door PolicyJoint Ventures a Pragmatic ChoiceThe First Law on Foreign Investment is BornThe First Group of Joint VenturesThe First Group of Joint Ventures5. Borrowing a Hen to Lay Eggs; Making Use of Foreign LoansThe Debt-Free Era Comes to an EndBorrowing Loans from Japan, a New ExperimentRestoring China's Seat in the World BankDiversifying our Sources of Foreign Loans6. Foreign Trade Reform: A Rough BeginningBreaking the Monopoly over Foreign TradeReform Brings About New VitalityGATT: From Rejection to Application for Re-entry7. The Open Door Policy: Learning along the WayLearning to Swim by SwimmingAccelerating Training for the Opening-Up EffortRestoring the Practice of Sending Students Abroad to StudyBorrowing Foreign Brains and Bringing in ExpertiseLearning Modern Management Is a RevolutionHistorical Affirms Deng's Vision: Establish Market Economy by Opening UpAfterword