Brevity

Hardcover | October 5, 2013

EditorLaurence Goldstein

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Brevity in conversation is a window to the workings of the mind. This book brings it into prominence as both a multifaceted topic of deep philosophical importance and a phenomenon that serves as a testing ground for theories in linguistics, psycholinguistics, and computer modeling. Brevity isachieved in a variety of ways. Speakers use elliptical constructions and exploit salient features of the conversational environment in a process of pragmatic enrichment so as to pack as much as possible into a few words. They take account of what has already been said in the current and previousconversations, and tailor their words to what they know about the beliefs and personalities of the people they're talking to. Most of the time they do all this with no obvious mental effort. The book, which brings together distinguished linguists, philosophers, and cognitive scientists, is the product of an interactive multidisciplinary research project that extended over four years. The questions dealt with concern how speakers secure understanding of what they mean when what they meanfar outstrips the literal or compositional meanings of the sentences or sentence fragments that they use. Brevity sheds new light on economy in discourse. It will appeal to linguists, philosophers, and psychologists at advanced undergraduate level and above.

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Brevity in conversation is a window to the workings of the mind. This book brings it into prominence as both a multifaceted topic of deep philosophical importance and a phenomenon that serves as a testing ground for theories in linguistics, psycholinguistics, and computer modeling. Brevity isachieved in a variety of ways. Speakers use ...

Laurence Goldstein is Professor of Philosophy and Head of the School of European Culture and Languages at the University of Kent. His books include Logic (Continuum 2005), Clear and Queer Thinking: Wittgenstein's Philosophy and his Relevance to Modern Thought (Rowman and Littlefield and Duckworth 1999) and The Philosopher's Habitat (Ro...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.98 inPublished:October 5, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199664986

ISBN - 13:9780199664986

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Table of Contents

Part I: Brevity in Language and Thought1. Jason Merchant, Lyn Frazier, Thomas Weskott, and Charles Clifton, Jr.: Fragment Answers to Questions: a case of inaudible syntax2. Anne Bezuidenhout: Structuring Silence Versus the Structure of Silence3. Eleni Gregoromichelaki, Ronnie Cann, and Ruth Kempson: On Coordination in Conversational Dialogue: subsentential talk and its implications4. Christopher Gauker: Inexplicit Thoughts5. Reinaldo Elugardo: Sub-Sentential Speech Acts, Reflexive Content, and Pragmatic Enrichment6. Michael Glanzberg: A New Puzzle About Discourse-Initial Contexts7. Francois Recanati and Anouch Bourmayan: Transitive Meanings for Intransitive Verbs8. Matthew Stone: Economy in Embodied UtterancesPart II: The Philosophy of Brevity9. Laurence Goldstein: Some Consequences of "Speaking Loosely"10. Jeff Pelletier: COntext, Compositionality, and Brevity11. Andreas Stokke: And and And*12. Manuel Garcia-Carpintero: Insinuating Information and Accommodating PresuppositionPart III: Experimenting with Brevity13. Eve V. Clark and Chigusa Kurumada: "Be Brief": from necessity to choice14. Julie Sedivy: Sizing up the Speaker: using speaker-specific information to detect the nature of children's inferences about meaning15. Dan Grodner and Rachel Adler: The Influence of Perspective and Communicative Goals on How Speakers Choose to Refer16. Ira Noveck and Nicola Spotornp: NarrowingPart IV: Prolixity17. Friedrich Christoph Doerge: Relevance Theory and ProlixityReferencesIndex