Broca's Region by Yosef GrodzinskyBroca's Region by Yosef Grodzinsky

Broca's Region

EditorYosef Grodzinsky, Katrin Amunts

Hardcover | April 20, 2006

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Broca's region has been in the news ever since scientists realized that particular cognitive functions could be localized to parts of the cerebral cortex. Its discoverer, Paul Broca, was one of the first researchers to argue for a direct connection between a concrete behavior--in this case,the use of language--and a specific cortical region. Today, Broca's region is perhaps the most famous part of the human brain, and for over a century, has persisted as the focus of intense research and numerous debates. The name has even penetrated mainstream culture through popular science and thetheater. Broca's region is famous for a good reason: As language is one of the most distinctive human traits, the cognitive mechanisms that support it and the tissues in which these mechanisms are housed are also quite complex, and so have the potential to reveal a lot not only about how words,phrases, sentences, and grammatical rules are instantiated in neural tissue, but also, and more broadly, about how brain function relates to behavior. Paul Broca's discoveries were an important, driving force behind the more general effort to relate complex behavior to particular parts of thecerebral cortex, which, significantly, produced the first brain maps. These early studies also, however, suffered from the use of crude techniques, definitions, and distinctions, as well as from ill founded and misdirected assumptions. Although much has been discovered since Broca's work, even today, these problems have not been completely solved. Nonetheless,particularly as a result of important advances made in neuroimaging during the past two decades, Broca's region and all language areas are currently being investigated from every angle. Indeed, as the volume of research into the relations between brain and language has created several communities,each with its own concepts, methods, and considerations, it seemed that it was time to stop, get together, and reflect on the state of the art. This book is the result of that collective reflection, which took place primarily at the Broca's Region Workshop, held in Julich and Aachen, Germany, in June 2004. In it, Yosef Grodzinsky and Katrin Amunts tried to accomplish a nearly impossible task: to mix intellectual traditions and cultures,and juxtapose rather disparate bodies of knowledge, styles of reasoning, and forms of argumentation. Participants were scientists with diverse backgrounds; each invited to contribute his/her particular take, with the hope that a coherent, perhaps even novel, picture would emerge. All of theparticipants have a special interest in Broca's Region, and represent the myriad angles from which we currently approach it: neuroanatomy, physiology, evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, clinical neurology, functional imaging, speech and language research, computational biology, and psycho-,neuro-, and theoretical linguistics. The book's main chapters are the contributions of the Workshop's participants and their research teams. Parts of the discussion during the Workshop are included to underscore the richness of viewpoints, and to give readers an idea of the level of interaction thattook place. As Broca's region is such a historically significant concept and rich area, this book contains a collection of classic and recent-yet-classic papers. Along with cutting-edge science, Grodzinsky and Amunts want to remind readers of the celebrated past from which much can be learned. The historicalchapters include the first two papers written by Paul Broca, as well some work by two of the most important neurologists of the nineteenth century, Ludwig Lichtheim and John Hughlings-Jackson. Also included are parts of twentieth century papers by Korbinian Brodmann, Roman Jakobson, NormanGeschwind, Harold Goodglass, and Jay Mohr. Because this book both reflects the state of the art in Broca's-region research and contains a tribute to its celebrated past, it will be a valuable resource for student and professional researchers. It will also stimulate further interdisciplinaryresearch, which is a significant contribution, as the project called "Broca's region," encompassing the study of brain/language relations, is far from finished.
Yosef Grodzinsky is Professor of Linguistics and Canada Research Chair in Neurolinguistics at McGill University, and Associate Member of the Department of Neurology/Neurosurgery. He is also Adjunct Professor of Neurology at Boston University School of Medicine. Grodzinsky is interested in the neurological instantiation of formal syntac...
Title:Broca's RegionFormat:HardcoverDimensions:440 pages, 7.2 × 10 × 1.1 inPublished:April 20, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195177649

ISBN - 13:9780195177640


Table of Contents

Introduction. Part 1: Matters Anatomical. 1. Francisco Aboitiz, Ricardo Garcia, Enzo Brunetti, and Conrado Bosman: The Origin of Broca's Area and Its Connections from an Ancestral Working-Memory Network2. Katrin Amunts and Karl Zilles: A Multimodal Analysis of Structure and Function in Broca's region3. Michael Petrides: Broca's Area in the Human and the Non-human Primate BrainPart 2: Matters Linguistic. 4. Sergey Avrutin: Weak Syntax5. Na'ama Friedmann: Speech Production in Broca's Agrammatic Aphasia: Syntactic Tree Pruning6. Yosef Grodzinsky: A Blueprint for a Brain Map of Syntax7. Dan Drai: Evaluating Deficit Patterns of Broca Aphasics in the Presence of High Inter Subject Variability8. Lewis P. Shapiro and Cynthia K. Thompson: Treating Language Deficits in Broca's AphasiaPart 3: Motor Aspects and Sign Language. 9. Luciano Fadiga, Laila Craighero, Alice Roy: Broca's Region: A Speech Area?10. Michael Arbib: Broca's Area in System Perspective: Language in the Context of Action-Oriented Perception11. Karen Emmorey: The Role of Broca's Area in Sign LanguagePart 4: Psycholinguistic Investigation. 12. Stefano F. Cappa and Daniela Perani: Broca's Area and Lexical-semantic Processing13. Angela D. Friederici: The Neural Basis of Sentence Processing: Inferior Frontal and Temporal Contributions14. Martin E. Meyer and Lutz Jancke: Involvement of the Left and Right Frontal Operculum in Speech and Nonspeech Perception and Production15. Peter Hagoort: On Broca, Brain and Binding16. Gereon R. Fink, Zina M. Manjaly, Klaas E. Stephan, Jennifer M. Gurd, Karl Zilles, Katrin Amunts, and John C. Marshall: A Role for Broca's Area Beyond Language Processing: Evidence from Neuropsychology and fMRI17. Karl Zilles, Luciano Fadiga, Sergey Avrutin, Francisco Aboitiz, Stefano Cappa, Kyle Johnson, Gereon Fink, Yosef Grodzinsky, Michael Arbib, Peter Hagoort, Lewis Shapiro, Na'ama Friedmann, Karen Emmorey, Norbert Herschkovitz, Michael Petrides, Katrin Amunts: DiscussionPart 5: Historical Articles, Introduction. Katrin Amunts and Yosef Grodzinsky: 18. Translated by Yosef Grodzinsky from "Remarques sur le Siege de la Faculte du Langage Articule, Suivies d'une Observation d'aphemie (Perte de la Parole)," in Bulletin de la Societe Anatomique de Paris (1861): Comments Regarding the Seat of the Faculty of Spoken Language, Followed by anObservation of Aphemia (Loss of Speech) Paul Broca (1824-1880)19. On Affections of Speech from Disease of the Brain John Hughlings-Jackson (1835-1911) From Brain, 1, 304-330 (1878)20. On Aphasia Ludwig Lichtheim (1845-1928) From Brain: A Journal of Neurology (January 1885)21. translated by Yosef Grodzinsky from Beitrage zur histologischen Lokalisation der Grosshirnrinde. VI: Die Cortexgliederung des Menschen, in Journal fur Psychologie und Neurologie X (6):231-246 (1908): The division of the human cortex Korbinian Brodmann (1868-1918) From Contributions to aHistological Localization of the Cerebral Cortex22. Translated by Yosef Grodzinsky from "Die agrammatischen Sprachstorungen," in Studien zur psychologischen Grundlegung der Aphasielehre (1913): The Agrammatical Language Disturbance Arnold Pick (1854-1924)23. Translated by Yosef Grodzinsky from "Die Cytoarchitektonik der Felder der Broca'schen Region," in Journal fur Psychologie und Neurologie, 42 (5), 496-514 (1931): The Cytoarchitectonics of the Fields Constituting Broca's area L[othar?] Riegele24. The Phonological Development of Child Language and Aphasia as a Linguistic Problem Roman Jakobson (1896-1982) From Fundamentals of Language [with Morris Halle] (Mouton Hague, 1956)25. Grammatical Complexity and Aphasic Speech Harold Goodglass (1920-2002) and J. Hunt From Word, 14, 197-207 (1958)26. The Organization of Language and the Brain Norman Geschwind (1926-1984)from Science (November 27, 1970)27. 27. Broca's Area and Broca's Aphasia Jay P. Mohr (1937- ) from Studies in Neurolinguistics [Haiganoosh and Harry A. Whitaker, eds.] (Academic, 1979)

Editorial Reviews

"Every chapter has something of interest and value, and some are notable."--PsycCRITIQUES