By Parallel Reasoning

Hardcover | March 17, 2010

byPaul F. A. Bartha

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By Parallel Reasoning is the first comprehensive philosophical examination of analogical reasoning in more than forty years designed to formulate and justify standards for the critical evaluation of analogical arguments. It proposes a normative theory with special focus on the use of analogiesin mathematics and science. In recent decades, research on analogy has been dominated by computational theories whose objective has been to model analogical reasoning as a psychological process. These theories have devoted little attention to normative questions. In this book Bartha proposes that a good analogical argumentmust articulate a clear relationship that is capable of generalization. This idea leads to a set of distinct models for the critical analysis of prominent forms of analogical argument. The same core principle makes it possible to relate analogical reasoning to norms and values of scientificpractice. Reasoning by analogy is justified because it strikes an optimal balance between conservative values, such as simplicity and coherence, and progressive values, such as fruitfulness and theoretical unification. Analogical arguments are also justified by appeal to symmetry - like cases are tobe treated alike. In elaborating the connection between analogy and these broad epistemic principles, By Parallel Reasoning offers a novel contribution to explaining how analogies can play an important role in the confirmation of scientific hypotheses

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By Parallel Reasoning is the first comprehensive philosophical examination of analogical reasoning in more than forty years designed to formulate and justify standards for the critical evaluation of analogical arguments. It proposes a normative theory with special focus on the use of analogiesin mathematics and science. In recent dec...

Paul F.A. Bartha is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of British Columbia

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.98 inPublished:March 17, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195325532

ISBN - 13:9780195325539

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Analogical arguments2. Philosophical theories3. Computational theories4. The articulation model5. Analogies in mathematics6. Similarity and patterns of generalization7. Analogy and epistemic values8. Analogy and symmetry9. ConclusionBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This ambitious book offers a novel and admirably substantive view about an exciting topic that can be frustratingly difficult to discuss in lucid precise terms. There is a clear need for a book along these lines." --Elisabeth Camp, Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania