Canadian Local Government: An Urban Perspective

Paperback | October 2, 2014

byAndrew Sancton

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Written by one of Canada's foremost authorities on municipal government, this comprehensive introduction to urban local government explores how Canadian municipal governments are defined, why we have them, what they do, and how power is attained and distributed within them.

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Written by one of Canada's foremost authorities on municipal government, this comprehensive introduction to urban local government explores how Canadian municipal governments are defined, why we have them, what they do, and how power is attained and distributed within them.

Andrew Sancton is professor of political science at Western University. He is one of Canada's foremost authorities on municipal government, and has published widely on the subject. His specific research interests focus on amalgamations and electoral redistribution.

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Kobo ebook|Jul 16 2009

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:416 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.8 inPublished:October 2, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199008094

ISBN - 13:9780199008094

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Table of Contents

Preface and AcknowledgementsPART ONE: THE LEGAL AND POLITICAL FRAMEWORK1. What Is Local Government?Municipal Corporations in English CitiesDifferent Kinds of Canadian MunicipalitiesSpecial-Purpose BodiesFinancial Significance of Local GovernmentConclusionResourcesStudy Questions2. Why Local Government?Imagining Provinces without Local GovernmentFunctions of Canadian Local GovernmentsConclusionResourcesStudy Questions3. Central Governments and Local GovernmentsConstitutional Role of Federal and Provincial GovernmentsProvincial Statutes Relating to Local GovernmentProvincial Ministries and MinistersAdministrative TribunalsMoneyReasons for Central Involvement in Local IssuesMunicipal OrganizationsConclusionResourcesStudy Questions4. Special-Purpose BodiesSchool BoardsPolice BoardsThe Vancouver Board of Parks and RecreationLibrary BoardsLocal Transit Systems and UtilitiesInter-Municipal Special-Purpose BodiesIntergovernmental Special-Purpose BodiesLocal Special-Purpose Bodies with No Municipal InvolvementConclusionResourcesStudy QuestionsPART TWO: ADAPTING TO URBANIZATION5. Population Centres, Rural Areas, and Causes of Metropolitan GrowthApproaching Urban-Rural DifferencesPopulation CentresCensus Metropolitan Areas and Census AgglomerationsThe Greater Golden HorseshoeCMAs and ProvincesCauses of Growth in Canada's Largest CMAsConclusionResourcesStudy Questions6. AnnexationsThe Expansion of a Hypothetical Urban SettlementMontrealEdmontonLondon, OntarioCalgaryReginaConclusionResourcesStudy Questions7. Two-Tier Metropolitan and Regional GovernmentsConsolidationists versus Public ChoiceThe Municipality of Metropolitan TorontoThe Metropolitan Corporation of Greater WinnipegRegional Municipalities in OntarioUrban, Regional, and Metropolitan Communities in QuebecRegional Districts in British ColumbiaRegional Commissions in New BrunswickRegional Partnerships in Edmonton and CalgaryConclusionResourcesStudy Questions8. Amalgamations and De-amalgamationsThe Windsor PrecedentWinnipeg's UnicityThe Early 1990s: Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, and New BrunswickCape Breton and HalifaxOntarioQuebecConclusionResourcesStudy QuestionsPART THREE: POLITICS AND MANAGEMENT IN CANADIAN URBAN GOVERNMENT9. Municipal Politics, Councils, and ElectionsMunicipal Politics and Political PartiesThe Era of Municipal ReformLocal Political Parties in CanadaSize and Structure of Municipal CouncilsWho Decides and When?Openness of Meetings and of Votes in Municipal CouncilsIs Being a Municipal Councillor a Full-Time Job?Municipal Elections: Terms of Office, Turnout, and Minority RepresentationFinancing Municipal CampaignsConclusionResourcesStudy Questions10. Developers, Councillors, and CitizensHow Rural Land Has Become Urban in OntarioShopping Malls versus DowntownsOld Buildings versus New BuildingsNeighbourhoods versus "Cataclysmic Change""New Reformers" and the Development IndustryThe Development Industry Today in TorontoCitizen ParticipationConclusionResourcesStudy Questions11. Mayors and Local Political LeadershipLegal Status of MayorsExecutive CommitteesHow Mayors Become PowerfulUrban Pluralism and Urban RegimesDo Canadian Cities Have Urban Regimes?Models of Mayoral LeadershipConclusionResourcesStudy Questions12. Policy-making NEWResponding to Federal and Provincial GovernmentsResponding to Pressures for Economic GrowthResponding to Pressures from CitizensMunicipalities and PrecommitmentImplementing Municipal Policy DecisionsConclusionResourcesStudy Questions13. Senior Management and Labour UnionsDistinctive Features of Municipal ManagementThe Role of City Managers and CAOsWhen Things Go WrongContracting OutPublic-Private PartnershipsMunicipal UnionsConclusionResourcesStudy QuestionsPART FOUR: FINANCIAL ISSUES14. Budgets, Grants, and User FeesLocal Government FinancesMunicipal BudgetsUser FeesFinancing WaterConclusionResourcesStudy Questions15. The Property TaxHow Much Property Tax?Determining Tax Payable for Individual Property OwnersAlternative Assessment SystemsExempt Property and Payments-in-Lieu of TaxesWho Pays?Other Demands on the Property TaxAlternatives to the Property TaxConclusionResourcesStudy Questions16. Conclusion: Canadian Local Government in Comparative PerspectiveGovernmental FunctionsMulti-Purpose versus Single-Purpose AuthoritiesAutonomySizeWhy Canadian Local Government Is ImportantAssessing Canadian Local GovernmentResourcesStudy QuestionsNotesBibliographyIndex