Carbon-Energy Taxation: Lessons from Europe

Hardcover | November 1, 2009

EditorMikael Skou Andersen, Paul Ekins

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When taxes are introduced on carbon and energy, and the revenue is used to reduce other taxes, will a positive effect be achieved both for the environment and for the economy? In 1990 Finland as the first country introduced a tax on CO2. Later, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Slovenia, Germanyand the UK followed suit with tax reforms that shifted taxation from labour to carbon and energy. Over the years, CO2 and energy taxes have gradually been raised, so that in Europe taxes of more than 25 billion Euros a year have been shifted. This book examines carbon-energy taxation in detail and looks at tax shifting programmes for lowering other taxes. It offers extensive analysis on the basis of historical data and seeks to answer important questions for policy-making, such as: What was the impact of tax shifting for economicperformance and competitiveness? By how much were emissions of CO2 reduced? Could energy-intensive industries cut further down on their fuel demand or did they loose market shares? To what extent was there 'leakage' from Europe, so that production and CO2 emissions were shifted to other countries orregions without CO2-abatement policy? The use of unique and original data, including sector-specific energy prices and taxes, as well as the use of advanced statistical techniques, such as co-integration analysis and panel-regression techniques along with the time-series estimated macro-economicmodel E3ME, make this a truly comprehensive volume. On basis of the lessons learned in Europe, this volume indicates how carbon-energy taxation could usefully be combined with emissions trading, and discusses implications for future international climate policy including how the recommendations from IPCC for a gradually escalating carbon price couldbe accomplished while preventing carbon leakage.

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When taxes are introduced on carbon and energy, and the revenue is used to reduce other taxes, will a positive effect be achieved both for the environment and for the economy? In 1990 Finland as the first country introduced a tax on CO2. Later, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Slovenia, Germanyand the UK followed suit with tax reforms tha...

Mikael Skou Andersen is Professor in Policy Analysis at Denmark's National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), Aarhus University. His PhD and Master's degrees were obtained from the Faculty of Social Sciences at Aarhus University, where he was previously also a tenured Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science an...

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Carbon-Energy Taxation: Lessons from Europe
Carbon-Energy Taxation: Lessons from Europe

Kobo ebook|Oct 29 2009

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:256 pagesPublished:November 1, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019957068X

ISBN - 13:9780199570683

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart I: Pricing of Carbon in Europe1. Mikael Skou Andersen: Carbon-energy taxation, revenue recycling and competitiveness2. Stefan Speck and Jirina Jilkova: Design of Environmental Tax Reforms in EuropePart II: Industry Sector Competitiveness3. John Fitz Gerald, Mary Keeney and Sue Scott: Assessing Vulnerability of Selected Sectors under Environmental Tax Reform: the issue of pricing power4. Roger Salmons and Alexandra Miltner: Trends in the competitiveness of selected industrial sectors in ETR countries5. Martin Enevoldsen, Anders Ryelund and Mikael Skou Andersen: The impact of energy taxes on competitiveness: a panel regression study of 56 European industry sectors6. Mikael Skou Andersen and Stefan Speck: Energy-intensive industries: Approaches to mitigation and compensationPart III: Country Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage7. Terry Barker, Sudhir Junankar, Hector Pollitt and Philip Summerton: The Effects of Environmental Tax Reform on International Competitiveness in the European Union: modelling with E3ME8. Terry Barker, Sudhir Junankar, Hector Pollitt and Philip Summerton: Carbon leakage from unilateral environmental tax reforms in Europe, 1995-2005Part IV: Implications for Future Climate Policy9. Paul Ekins: Carbon Taxes and Emissions Trading: Issues and Interactions10. Mikael Skou Andersen and Paul Ekins: Conclusions - Europe's lessons from carbon-energy taxationAnnex- tables A.1 to A.23