Cardiac Fibrosis And Heart Failure: Cause Or Effect? by Ian M.C. DixonCardiac Fibrosis And Heart Failure: Cause Or Effect? by Ian M.C. Dixon

Cardiac Fibrosis And Heart Failure: Cause Or Effect?

byIan M.C. DixonEditorJeffrey T. Wigle

Hardcover | July 9, 2015

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The unique biology of cardiac fibroblasts and related cells, such as cardiac myofibroblasts and valvular interstitial cells, distinguish them from other fibroblastic cells, a concept that is only beginning to be widely appreciated. Further, the natural signals that stimulate and inhibit cardiac fibrosis within these cells are not well understood. This volume compiles articles that address the molecular mechanisms that control the synthesis and secretion of the cardiac ECM. The book showcases chapters that highlight discussion of role of Transforming Growth Factor β (TGFβ), an important fibrogenic cytokine and its downstream effectors SMAD in many cardiac diseases. Further, the contributions highlight information to discuss endogenous inhibitors of cardiac fibrosis, as well as advances in tissue engineering specific to matrix in the heart. Finally, discussions of unifying mechanisms of matrix remodeling in valves and myocardium are presented.

The mechanisms involved in the stimulation of cardiac fibrosis are not fully understood. In most cases the marginal attenuation of cardiac fibrosis as a result of a given therapy is a beneficial side-effect linked to other primary effects on other cells, especially cardiomyocytes. Very few drugs or agents are known to affect the function and dysfunction of cardiac fibroblasts and myofibroblasts alone. The book helps to translate the information gathered within to allow us to alter the course of fibrogenic events that are typical of cardiac fibrosis, and thereby reduce their burden on the patient and on society itself.

Dr. Jeffrey Wigle is an Associate Professor at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. His research focuses on the transcriptional pathways involved in regulating the growth and development of the cardiovascular system. He has characterized a number of transcription factors that are critical for the development of the lymphatic v...
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Title:Cardiac Fibrosis And Heart Failure: Cause Or Effect?Format:HardcoverDimensions:436 pagesPublished:July 9, 2015Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319174363

ISBN - 13:9783319174365

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Table of Contents

1. Fibrosis and Heart Failure - Cause or Effect?
Ian M.C. Dixon, Ryan H. Cunnington, S.G. Rattan and J.T. Wigle

2. Fibroblast Activation in the Infarcted Myocardium
Amit Saxena and Nicholas Frangogiannis

3. Mechanical and Matrix Regulation of Valvular Fibrosis
Mark C. Blaser and Craig A. Simmons

4. Bone Marrow-Derived Progenitor Cells, micro-RNA, and Fibrosis
Alison L. Muller and Darren H. Freed

5. The Stressful Life of Cardiac Myofibroblasts
Elena Zimina and Boris Hinz

6. Pathogenic Origins of Fibrosis in the Hypertensive Heart Disease that Accompanies Aldosteronism

R. Justin McCullough, Yao Sun, Kevin P. Newman, Kodangudi B. Ramanathan, Ramareddy V. Guntaka and Karl T. Weber

7. Embryological origin of valve progenitor cells
Michel Pucéat & Thomas Moore-Morris

8. Diverse cellular origins of cardiac fibroblasts
Fahmida Jahan and Jeffrey T. Wigle


9. Non-Canonical Regulation of TGF-β1 Signaling: A Role for Ski/Sno and YAP/TAZ
Mathew R. Zeglinski, Natalie Landry and Ian M.C. Dixon

10. Molecular mechanisms of smooth muscle and fibroblast phenotype conversions in the failing heart
Christina Pagiatakis and John C. McDermott,

11. Current and future strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac fibrosis.
Patricia Roche and Michael P. Czubryt


12. Remodelling of the cardiac extracellular matrix: Role of collagen degradation and accumulation in pathogenesis of heart failure
Abhijit Takawale, Mengcheng Shen, Dong Fan, Zamaneh Kassiri

13. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9): The Middle-Man of Post Myocardial Infarction Extracellular Matrix Remodelling
Fouad A. Zouein, Ashley Decoux1, Yuan Tian1, Jared White, Yu-Fang Jin and and Merry L. Lindsey

14. Collagen processing and its role in Fibrosis
Christopher A. McCulloch and Nuno M. Coelho

15. Mechanisms of Cardiac Fibrosis
Keith Dadson, Vera Kovacevic and Gary Sweeney

16. Mathematical Simulations of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Actions on Mammalian Ventricular Myofibroblasts and Myocytes
K. A. MacCannell, L. Chilton, G. L. Smith, and W. R. Giles

17. Extracellular Matrix and Cardiac Disease:Surgical and Scientific Perspectives
Holly Mewhort and Paul Fedak

18. The Role of Neurohumoral Activation in Cardiac Fibrosis and Heart Failure
Nirmal Parajuli, Tharmarajan Ramprasath, Pavel Zhabyeyev,
Vaibhav B. Patel and Gavin Y. Oudit

19. Natriuretic peptides: critical regulators of cardiac fibroblasts and the extracellular matrix in the heart
Hailey J. Jansen and Robert A. Rose

20. Cardiac Tissue Engineering for the Treatment of Heart Failure Post-Infarction
Jacqueline S. Wendel, Robert. T Tranquillo

21. Mechanisms of Cardiac Valve Failure and the Development of Tissue Engineered Heart Valves
Meghana R.K. Helder and Robert D. Simari