Cardiac Reconstructions with Allograft Tissues

Hardcover | December 7, 2004

byRichard A. HopkinsContribution byK.E. KarlsonIllustratorT. Xenakis

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Cryopreserved allograft tissues are now standard materials for the reconstructive cardiac surgeon. Since publication of the first edition ("Cardiac Reconstructions with Allograft Valves") in 1989, the field has progressed dramatically with increased clinical use of cardiovascular allograft tissues, with the development of new surgical techniques, and with advances in the understanding of the fundamentals of valve transplantation biology and cryopreservation. As a result, over two-thirds of the present volume represents new material. Fifty-six authors bring their expertise to thirteen comprehensive, lavishly illustrated sections which discuss the principles of the use of homograft valves, major clinical series of homograft valves for both left and right ventricular outflow tracts, cryopreserved allograft tissue for cardiac reconstruction, cell biology of heart valve leaflets, cryobiology of heart valve preservation, morphological, biochemical, and explant pathology studies of allograft heart valves, allograft valve banking, as well as detailed explanation of surgical techniques for valve and root methods for left and right ventricular outflow tract reconstructions, the Ross operation and variants, and complex reconstructions. A final section presents potential future directions for the field. Over 400 illustrations, created expressly for this book, depict the surgical techniques from the perspective of the surgeon standing at the operating table. All surgeons performing pediatric and/or adult valve replacements and reconstructive cardiac surgeries will benefit from the described methods. Cardiothoracic residents and cardiologists will also find the text useful. It will provide the surgeon with an enhanced understanding of the biological and material properties of allografts and increased familiarity with the range of surgical techniques applicable for the use of these valves, particularly in the successful management of challenging cardiac reconstructions.>

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Cryopreserved allograft tissues are now standard materials for the reconstructive cardiac surgeon. Since publication of the first edition ("Cardiac Reconstructions with Allograft Valves") in 1989, the field has progressed dramatically with increased clinical use of cardiovascular allograft tissues, with the development of new surgical ...

Format:HardcoverDimensions:680 pages, 10 × 7.01 × 0.03 inPublished:December 7, 2004Publisher:Springer New YorkLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0387949623

ISBN - 13:9780387949628

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Second EditionPreface to the First EditionAcknowledgmentsContributorsSection I Original Principles1 The Use of Homograft Valves: Historical PerspectiveRichard A. HopkinsSection II Major Clinical Series of Homograft Valve Transplants: Left Ventricular Outflow Tract 2  Mayo Clinic Series  Robert B. Wallace and Thomas A. Orszulak3  University of Alabama at Birmingham Series  David C. McGiffin and James K. Kirklin4  Modified Root Replacement Concept: Influence of Implant Technique on Allograft DurabilityWilliam W. Angell and Aubyn Marath Section III Major Clinical Series of Homograft Valve Transplants: Right Ventricular Outflow Tract5 Great Ormond Street SeriesJaroslav Stark and Mila Stajevic-Popovic6 Denver SeriesDavid R. Clarke and Deborah A. Bishop7 Toronto SeriesWilliam G. WilliamsSection IV Cryopreserved Allograft Tissue for Cardiac Reconstruction8 Cryopreserved Cardiac Valves: Initial Experiences and Theories  Richard A. Hopkins9 Surgery for InfectionsDavid C. McGiffin and James K. Kirklin10 Pulmonary Valve Autotransplant Procedure: Clinical Results Compared with Other Methods for Aortic Valve ReplacementErle H. Austin, III11 In Vivo Pulsatile Hemodynamics of Homografts Jeff Myers and Richard A. HopkinsSection V Cell Biology of Heart Valve Leaflets12 Leaflet EndotheliumFlavian M. Lupinetti13 Leaflet Interstitial CellsRobert H. Messier, Jr., Patrick W. Domkowski, and Richard A. Hopkins14 Leaflet Intersitial Cell Growth and RecoveryRobert H. Messier, Jr., Diane Hoffman-Kim, and Richard A. Hopkins15 Activation of the Immune System by Cardiac Valve AllograftsFranciska Hoekstra, Christiaan Knoop, Ad Bogers, and Willem WeimarSection VI Cryobiology of Heart Valve Preservation16 Application of Cryopreservation to Heart ValvesLloyd Wolfinbarger, Jr., Kelvin G.M. Brockbank, and Richard A. Hopkins17 Cell Viability and Problems with Its Quantification Diane Hoffman-Kim and Richard A. Hopkins  18 Factors Affecting Cellular Viability During Preimplantation ProcessingRichard A. Hopkins, Diane Hoffman-Kim, Robert H. Messier, Jr., and Patrick W. Domkowski19 Cell Origins and Fates Following Transplantation of Cryopreserved AllograftsM.G. Hazekamp, D.R. Koolbergen, J. Braun, J.A. Bruin, C.J. Cornelisse, Y.A. Goffin, and H.A. Huysmans20 Resolution of the Conflicting Theories of Prolonged Cell Viability Richard A. HopkinsSection VII Allograft Heart Valves: Morphologic, Biochemical, and Explant Pathology Studies21 OverviewStephen L. Hilbert, Fred Schöen, and Victor Ferrans22 MorphologyStephen L. Hilbert, Fred Schöen, and Victor Ferrans23 BiomechanicsStephen L. Hilbert, Fred Schöen, and Victor Ferrans24 Effects of Preimplantation Processing on Allograft ValvesStephen L. Hilbert, Fred Schöen, and Victor Ferrans25 Explant Pathology StudiesStephen L. Hilbert, Fred Schöen, and Victor Ferrans26 Implications of Explant Pathology StudiesStephen L. Hilbert, Fred Schöen, and Victor FerransSection VIII Allograft Valve Banking: Harvest and Cryopreservation Techniques   27 Cryopreservation and Tissue BankingPerry L. Lange and Richard A. Hopkins28 Donor Suitability and Heart ProcurementScott A. Brubaker29 Techniques and Technology: Dissection, Examination, Sterilization, and Cryopreservation Mark VanAllman and Kelvin G. M. Brockbank30 Techniques and Technology: Storage, Transportation and Distribution, Thawing and Dilution, and Quality SystemsPerry L. Lange and Kelvin G. M. BrockbankSection IX Surgical Techniques: Valve and Root Methods for Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Reconstructions31 Indication and ContraindicationsRichard A. Hopkins32 "Freehand" Aortic Valve Replacement with Aortic Allograft Valve TransplantsRichard A. Hopkins33 Small Aortic Root: Surgical Techniques for Annulus EnlargementRichard A. Hopkins34 Aortoplastic Techniques for Problematic Aortic Root GeometryRichard A. Hopkins35 Aortic Root Replacement with Aortic Allograft ConduitsRichard A. Hopkins36 Aortoventriculoplasty with Aortic AllograftRichard A. Hopkins37 "Miniroot" Replacement TechniquesNeal D. Kon and A. Robert Cordell38 Stentless Xenograft ValvesRichard A. HopkinsSection X  Surgical Techniques: Ross Operation and Variants39 Ross Operation: IndicationsRichard A. Hopkins40 Surgical AnatomyPatricia A. Penkoske, and Robert H. Anderson 41 Surgical TechniqueRichard A. Hopkins42 Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography during the Ross ProcedureArthur A. Bert and Scott MacKinnon43  Guidelines for Use of Aprotinin with Ross ProcedureArthur A. Bert44 Ross-Konno ProcedureV. Mohan Reddy, Doff B. McElhinney, and Frank L. Hanley 45 Methods for Avoiding Technical Errors in Performing the Autograft Pulmonary Valve TransplantErle H. Austin, IIISection XI Surgical Techniques: Complex Reconstructions46 Management of Transposition with Complex Systemic Ventricular Outflow Tract    Reconstruction: Rastelli's Operation and Aortic Root TranslocationPedro J. del Nido47 Homograft Variant of the Nikaidoh ProcedureRichard A. Hopkins48 Application of the Principle of Creation of Double Outlet Systemic Ventricle for Hypoplastic Aortic OutflowRichard A. Hopkins and Gary LoflandSection XII Surgical Techniques: Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Reconstructions49 IndicationsRichard A. Hopkins50 Right Ventricle to Pulmonary Artery Aortic Allograft Conduits  in Children and InfantsRichard A. Hopkins51 Pulmonary Valve Replacement in AdultsRichard A. Hopkins52 Corrected TranspositionRichard A. Hopkins53 Reconstruction of Right Ventricular Outflow with Abnormal Pulmonary ArteriesRichard A. Hopkins54 Management of Difficult Allograft Alignments: The "Divide and  Reapproximate" PrincipleErle H. Austin, III55 Pulmonary Valve Allografts in ChildrenDavid R. Clarke and Deborah A. Bishop56 Truncus Arteriosus RepairGary K. Lofland57 Pulmonary Atresia with MAPCAs: Staged Unifocalization TechniquesRichard A. Hopkins and Erle H. Austin, III58 Pulmonary Atresia with MAPCAs: Repairs in Neonates and Young InfantsDoff B. McElhinney, V. Mohan Reddy, and Frank L. Hanley59 Reoperative Right Ventricular Outflow Tract ReconstructionsRichard A. Hopkins60 Proximal and Distal ExtensionsKim F. Duncan 61 Reconstructions with Nonvalved Cryopreserved Cardiovascular TissueJohn L. Myers62 Extra Cardiac Fontan OperationEd Petrossian, V. Mohan Reddy, and Frank L. HanleySection XIII Future Directions63 FDA Regulatory PolicyScott Bottenfield and Margaret Deuel64 The Biological Valve Spectrum and a Rationale for Prosthetic Valve ChoiceRichard A. Hopkins, R. Eric Lilly, and James St. Louis65 Tissue Engineered Valves: The Next ChallengeStephen L. Hilbert and Richard A. HopkinsAppendix: Valve DiametersReferencesIndex