Careers of Couples in Contemporary Society: From Male Breadwinner to Dual-Earner Families

Hardcover | October 1, 2001

EditorHans-peter Blossfeld, Sonja Drobnic

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This is the first systematic international comparative study of the transformation of couples' careers in modern societies. The countries included are Germany, the Netherlands, the Flemish part of Belgium, Italy, Spain, Great Britain, the United States, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Hungary, andChina. Using longitudinal data, this book explores what has and what has not changed for couples in various countries due to women's greater involvement in paid employment. It provides evidence that despite substantial improvement in women's educational attainment and career opportunities in all thecountries studied, dimensions of role specialization in dual-earner couples have not undergone transformation to the same extent. Gender role change within the family has generally been asymmetric, so that housework and childcare primarily remain 'women's work'. There are, however, also significantinstitutional differences among modern societies which determine a country's timing, speed, and pattern of change from the traditional male breadwinner to the dual-earner family model. In particular, the impact of males' resources on their female partners' employment careers is dependent on thewelfare state regime. In conservative and Mediterranean welfare state regimes, women's paid employment is negatively correlated with the occupational position of their husbands. In liberal welfare state regimes, no impact of husbands' resources on their wives' labour force participation could bedetected. In the social democratic welfare state regime and generally in (former) socialist countries, husbands' resources have a positive effect on their wives' employment so that occupational resources cumulate in dual-earner families.

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This is the first systematic international comparative study of the transformation of couples' careers in modern societies. The countries included are Germany, the Netherlands, the Flemish part of Belgium, Italy, Spain, Great Britain, the United States, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Hungary, andChina. Using longitudinal data, this book expl...

Hans-Peter Blossfeld is a Professor of Sociology, Bielefeld University. Sonja Drobnic is an Assistant Professor, Institute for Empirical and Applied Sociology, University of Bremen.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.1 inPublished:October 1, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019924491X

ISBN - 13:9780199244911

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Table of Contents

PART ONE: Introduction1. Hans-Peter Blossfeld and Sonja Drobnic: A Cross-National Comparative Approach to Couples' Careers2. Hans-Peter Blossfeld and Sonja Drobnic: Theoretical Perspectives on Couples' CareersPART TWO: The 'Conservative' Welfare State Regime3. Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Sonja Drobnic and Gotz Rohwer: Spouses' Employment Careers in (West) Germany4. John Hendrickx, Wim Bernasco and Paul M. de Graaf: Couples' Labour Market Participation in the Netherlands5. Martine Corijn: Couples' Careers in FlandersPART THREE: The 'Mediterranean' Welfare State Regime6. Fabrizio Bernardi: The Employment Behaviour of Married Women in Italy7. Maria Jose Gonzalez-Lopez: Spouses' Careers in SpainPART FOUR: The 'Liberal' Welfare State Regime8. Andrew McCulloch and Shirley Dex: Married Women's Employment Patterns in Britain9. Shin-Kap Han and Phyllis Moen: Coupled Careers: Pathways Through Work and Marriage in the United StatesPART FIVE: The 'Social Democratic' Welfare State Regime10. Ursula Henz and Marianne Sundstrom: Earnings as a Force of Attraction and Specialisation in Sweden11. Soren Leth-Sorensen and Gotz Rohwer: Work Careers of Married Women in DenmarkPART SIX: The (former) 'State Socialist' Regime12. Sonja Drobnic and Ewa Fratczak: Employment Patterns of Married Women in Poland13. Peter Robert, Erzsebet Bukodi and Ruud Luijkx: Employment Patterns in Hungarian Couples14. Xueguang Zhou and Phyllis Moen: Job Shift Patterns of Husbands and Wives in Urban ChinaPART SEVEN Results of Cross-National Comparisons15. Sonja Drobnic and Hans-Peter Blossfeld: Careers of Couples and Trends in Inequality

Editorial Reviews

"This book represents a very impressive theoretical and empirical achievement...the sheer quality of the substative contributions to this topic that are gathered here will make this volume an invaulable source of reference for many years to come". Contemporary Sociology