Cataclysms: A New Geology For The Twenty-first Century by Michael RampinoCataclysms: A New Geology For The Twenty-first Century by Michael Rampino

Cataclysms: A New Geology For The Twenty-first Century

byMichael Rampino

Hardcover | August 22, 2017

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In 1980, the science world was stunned when a maverick team of researchers proposed that a massive meteor strike had wiped the dinosaurs and other fauna from the Earth 66 million years ago. Scientists found evidence for this theory in a "crater of doom"on the Yucatan Peninsula that showed our planet has been the target in a galactic shooting gallery. Seeking to develop "neocatastrophism" even further, Michael R. Rampino adds to this exciting field in Cataclysms, building on the latest findings from leading geoscientists.

Rampino recounts his conversion to the impact hypothesis, describing his visits to meteor-strike sites and his review of the existing geological record. His story enables a richer understanding of the science behind major planetary upheavals and extinction events. The new geology he outlines explicitly rejects nineteenth-century "uniformitarianism," which casts planetary change as gradual and driven by processes we can see at work today. Rampino's new geology offers a cosmic context for Earth's geologic evolution, in which cataclysms from above in the form of comets and asteroid impacts and from below in the form of huge outpourings of lava in flood-basalt eruptions have led to severe changes in the Earth's surface. The new geology sees Earth's position in our solar system and galaxy as the keys to understanding our planet's geology and history of life. The author concludes with a fascinating take on dark matter's potential as a triggering mechanism, considering its role in heating Earth's core and spurring massive volcanism throughout geologic time.

Michael R. Rampino is a professor of biology and environmental studies at New York University. He has been a consultant for NASA and is the coauthor of Origins of Life in the Universe (2008) and editor of Climate: History, Periodicity, and Predictability (1988).
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Title:Cataclysms: A New Geology For The Twenty-first CenturyFormat:HardcoverDimensions:224 pagesPublished:August 22, 2017Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231177801

ISBN - 13:9780231177801

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsIntroduction1. Catastrophism Versus Gradualism2. Lyell's Laws3. The Alvarez Hypothesis4. Mass Extinctions5. Kill Curves and Strangelove Oceans6. Catastrophism and Natural Selection: Charles Darwin Versus Patrick Matthew7. Impacts and Extinctions: Do They Match Up?8. The Great Dying: The End-Permian Extinctions9. Catastrophic Volcanic Eruptions and Extinctions10. Ancient Glaciers or Impact-Related Deposits?11. The Shiva Hypothesis: Comet Showers and the Galactic Carousel12. Geological Upheavals and Dark MatterEpilogue: What Does It All Mean? A New GeologySources and Further ReadingIndex

Editorial Reviews

I like Rampino's book very much: it is a useful, well-written and not overly technical summary of Neocatastrophism since the Alvarez team published the initial work in the early 1980's. The book is well written and paints a lively picture of how work in the area of geoscience is actually done - aided and abetted to good purpose by copious illustrations