Causes of the Irish Famine and Other Remarks upon Ireland by John Hughes

Causes of the Irish Famine and Other Remarks upon Ireland

byJohn Hughes, Paul Allen, Paul Allen

Kobo ebook | September 22, 2012

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The Most Reverend John Hughes, D. D., was born in the town of Clogher, County Tyrone, Ireland, towards the close of the year 1798. He was the son of a respectable farmer of small means, and emigrated to America in 1817 on account of the disabilities to which his religion was subjected in his native country. His father had preceded him to this country a short time, and had purchased a small farm, and taken up his abode near Chambersburg, Pa. On young Hughes’ arrival in this country, his father placed him with a florist to learn the art of gardening; but having little taste for such pursuits, and feeling within himself a call to till and cultivate the "Garden of the Lord," he devoted his spare time to study, and as soon as his engagement expired, entered the Theological Seminary at Mount St Mary's, Emmettsburg, Md., where he remained for seven years, being employed almost from the first as a teacher. He was ordained Priest in the year 1825, in Philadelphia, and was appointed to the pastoral charge of St. Joseph’s Church of that city. Here his sermons attracted general attention, and were attended by the elite of Philadelphia. In 1829 he preached a powerful sermon in St. Joseph’s Church, in commemoration of the great event just accomplished in Ireland through the untiring efforts of Daniel O’Connell - "Catholic Emancipation". This sermon was his first great effort at pulpit eloquence, and it was a grand success. It was published in pamphlet form, and was inscribed to Daniel O’Connell. Regarding the causes of the Irish Famine, Rev. Hughes adivises: "... I come, not to describe the inconceivable horrors of a calamity which, in the midst of the nineteenth century, eighteen hundred and forty-seven years after the coming of Christ, either by want or pestilence, or both combined, threatens almost the annihilation of a whole Christian people. ... Many essays will be published; many eloquent speeches pronounced; much precious time unprofitably employed, by the State economists of Great Britain, assigning the cause or causes of the scourge which now threatens to depopulate Ireland. I shall not enter into the immediately antecedent circumstances or influences, that have produced this result. Some will say that it is the cruelty of unfeeling and rapacious landlords; others will have it, that it is the improvident and indolent character of the people themselves; others, still, will say that it is owing to the poverty of the country, the want of capital, the general ignorance of the people, and especially, their ignorance in reference to the improved science of agriculture. I shall not question the truth or the fallacy of any of these theories; admitting them all, if you will, to contain each more or less of truth, they yet do not explain the famine which they are cited to account for. ... If the attempt, then, be not considered too bold, I shall endeavour to lay before you a brief outline of the primary, original causes, which, by the action and reaction of secondary and intermediate agencies, have produced the rapacity of landlords, the poverty of the country, the imputed want of industry among its people, and the other causes to which the present calamity will be ascribed by British statesmen."

Title:Causes of the Irish Famine and Other Remarks upon IrelandFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:September 22, 2012Publisher:Allen's Upper Canada SundriesLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1927596025

ISBN - 13:9781927596029

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