Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Hardcover | February 1, 1995

byChristopher E. Brennen

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This book provides a coherent and unified treatment of the fundamental physical processes involved in bubble dynamics and the phenomenon of cavitation. Of interest to a wide range of mechanical engineers, the study of cavitation and bubbly flows is applicable to topics ranging from valvedamage in hydroelectric equipment, ship propellers, and internal combustion engines to the performance of turbines and pumps of all sizes. Well-written and up-to-date, the book will prove indispensable to engineers and students needing a reference detailing the problems of cavitation and bubblyflow.

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This book provides a coherent and unified treatment of the fundamental physical processes involved in bubble dynamics and the phenomenon of cavitation. Of interest to a wide range of mechanical engineers, the study of cavitation and bubbly flows is applicable to topics ranging from valvedamage in hydroelectric equipment, ship propelle...

Christopher E. Brennen is at California Institute of Technology.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pages, 6.1 × 9.29 × 0.91 inPublished:February 1, 1995Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195094093

ISBN - 13:9780195094091

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Table of Contents

1. Phase Change, Nucleation and Cavitation1.1. Introduction1.2. The Liquid State1.3. Fluidity and Elasticity1.4. Illustration of Tensile Strength1.5. Cavitation and Boiling1.6. Types of Nucleation1.7. Homogeneous Nucleation Theory1.8. Comparison with Experiments1.9. Experiments of Tensile Strength1.10. Heterogeneous Nucleation1.11. Nucleation Site Populations1.12. Effect of Contaminant Gas1.13. Nucleation in Flowing Liquids1.14. Viscous Effects in Cavitation Inception1.15. Cavitation Inception Measurements1.16. Cavitation Inception Data1.17. Scaling of Cavitation Inception2. Spherical Bubble Dynamics2.1. Introduction2.2. Rayleigh-Plesset Equation2.3. Bubble Contents2.4. In the Absence of Thermal Effects2.5. Stability of Vapor/Gas Bubbles2.6. Growth by Mass Diffusion2.7. Thermal Effects on Growth2.8. Thermally Controlled Growth2.9. Non-Equilibrium Effects2.10. Convective Effects2.11. Surface Roughening Effects2.12. Non-Spherical Perturbations3. Cavitation Bubble Collapse3.1. Introduction3.2. Bubble Collapse3.3. Thermally Controlled Collapse3.4. Thermal Effects in Bubble Collapse3.5. Non-Spherical Shape During Collapse3.6. Cavitation Damage3.7. Damage Due to Cloud Collapse3.8. Cavitation Noise3.9. Cavitation Luminescence4. Dynamics of Oscillating Bubbles4.1. Introduction4.2. Bubble Natural Frequencies4.3. Effective Polytropic Constant4.4. Additional Damping Terms4.5. Non-Linear Effects4.6. Weakly Nonlinear Analysis4.7. Chaotic Oscillations4.8. Threshold for Transient Cavitation4.9. Rectified Mass Diffusion4.10. Bjerknes Forces5. Translation of Bubbles5.1. Introduction5.2. High Re Flows Around a Sphere5.3. Low Re Flows Around a Sphere5.4. Marangoni Effects5.5. Molecular Effects5.6. Unsteady Particle Motions5.7. Unsteady Potential Flow5.8. Unsteady Stokes Flow5.9. Growing or Collapsing Bubbles5.10. Equation of Motion5.11. Magnitude of Relative Motion5.12. Deformation Due to Translation6. Homogeneous Bubble Flows6.1. Introduction6.2. Sonic Speed6.3. Sonic Speed with Change of Phase6.4. Barotropic Relations6.5. Nozzle Flows6.6. Vapor/Liquid Nozzle Flow6.8. Acoustics of Bubbly Mixtures6.9. Shock Waves in Bubbly Flows6.10. Spherical Bubble Cloud7. Cavitating Flows7.1. Introduction7.2. Travelling Bubble Cavitation7.3. Bubble/Flow Interactions7.4. Experimental Observations7.5. Large-Scale Cavitation Structures7.6. Vortex Cavitation7.7. Cloud Cavitation7.8. Attached or Sheet Cavitation7.9. Cavitating Foils7.10. Cavity Closure8. Free Streamline Flows8.1. Introduction8.2. Cavity Closure Models8.3. Cavity Detachment Models8.4. Wall Effects and Choked Flows8.5. Steady Planar Flows8.6. Some Non-Linear Results8.7. Linearized Methods8.8. Flat Plate Hydrofoil8.9. Cavitating Cascades8.10. Three-Dimensional Flows8.11. Numerical Methods8.12. Unsteady Flows

Editorial Reviews

"Brennen's book provides the researcher and advanced engineering scholar with an exhaustive account of cavitation and a thorough review of bubble dynamics.... An excellent desk reference for the classical fluids researcher.... The organization, the index, the figures, and the illustrations allattest to a high quality publication.... It is a worthwhile document that will prove valuable to the fluids community." --Applied Mechanics Review