Central Control and Local Discretion in China: Leadership and Implementation during Post-Mao…

Hardcover | August 24, 2000

byJae Ho Chung

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This book analyses the decollectivization reform in China during the early 1980s in order to gauge the impact of post-Mao decentralization on central control and provincial discretion. The volume challenges the notion that the decision to decentralize administrative authority ipso factoproduces local discretion properly keyed to local conditions. In fact, outcomes often differ from the intended goals.While, generally, local interests and central-local clientilistic networks determine the policy responses of the provinces, bureaucratic careerism also plays a crucial role. In the case of post-Mao decollectivization, national-level analyses suggest that a majority of provinces adopted householdfarming neither too quickly nor too slowly, since both 'pioneering' and 'resisting' entailed potentially enormous political risks. Once Beijing's preference appeared firmly fixed, however, they all quickly bandwagoned by popularizing the policy as swiftly as possible. Three detailed case studies ofAnhui as a pioneer, Shandong as a bandwagoner, and Heilongjiang as a resister further highlight the evolutionary process in which provincial variations came to be replaced by uniform compliance imposed by Beijing.Theoretically, this study contends that the overall scope of local discretion is circumscribed by the dominant norms and incentive relations embedded in the implementation dynamics. Methodologically, the book employs a combination of aggregate analyses and comparative case studies. Empirically, onthe basis of newly available materials (including classified documents) and interviews, it challenges the 'peasant-power' school which has somehow allowed local governments to evaporate in its descriptions of post-Mao decollectivization.

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This book analyses the decollectivization reform in China during the early 1980s in order to gauge the impact of post-Mao decentralization on central control and provincial discretion. The volume challenges the notion that the decision to decentralize administrative authority ipso factoproduces local discretion properly keyed to local ...

Professor Chung is Associate Professor in the Department of International Relations, Seoul National University.

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Format:HardcoverPublished:August 24, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198297777

ISBN - 13:9780198297772

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Central-Provincial Relations in China3. Central Control and Provincial Discretion during Decollectivization4. The Politics of 'Pioneering' in Anhui5. The Politics of 'Bandwagoning' in Shandong6. The Politics of Resistance in Heilongjiang7. Conclusion