Cerebral Reorganization of Function After Brain Damage

Hardcover | July 15, 2000

EditorHarvey S. Levin, Jordan Grafman

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Cerebral Reorganization of Function After Brain Damage integrates basic research on neuroplasticity and clinical research on reorganization of function after brain injury, with a view toward translating the findings to rehabilitation. Historical foundations of research on neuroplasticity arepresented to provide a perspective on recent findings. Leading investigators synthesize their work with results from other laboratories to provide a current update on neuroanatomic features that enhance neuroplasticity and provide a substrate for reorganization of function. The capacity for recoveryfrom brain injury associated with focal lesions as compared to diffuse cerebral insult is discussed. Interventions such as environmental enrichment and drugs to enhance reorganization of function after brain injury have been studied in animal models and in human studies. Methodologies to studyneuroplasticity are discussed including functional magnetic resonance imaging, neurophysiological measures, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and computational modeling. Implications of neuroplasticity research for innovations in rehabilitation of persons with brain injury are critically reviewed.This text will be particularly appealing to neuropsychologists, neurologists, psychologists, neuroscientists, psychiatrists, speech scientists, and other health professionals engaged in rehabilitation-related research.

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Cerebral Reorganization of Function After Brain Damage integrates basic research on neuroplasticity and clinical research on reorganization of function after brain injury, with a view toward translating the findings to rehabilitation. Historical foundations of research on neuroplasticity arepresented to provide a perspective on recent...

Harvey S. Levin is at Baylor College of Medicine. Jordan Grafman is at National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke.
Format:HardcoverPublished:July 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195120264

ISBN - 13:9780195120264

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Table of Contents

Foreword byMary Ellen Cheung: 1. Arthur Benton and Daniel Tranel: Historical Notes on the Reorganization of Function and NeuroplasticityPART I: NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH ON NEUROPLASTICITY AND REORGANIZATION OF FUNCTION2. Jocelyne Bachevalier and Ludise Malkova: Neuropsychological Indices of Early Medical Temporal Lobe Dysfunction in Primates3. Robert J. Hamm, Meredith D. Temple, Deanna L. Buck, S. Michelle DeFord, and Candace L. Floyd: Cognitive Recovery from Traumatic Brain injury: Results of Post-Traumatic Experimental Interventions4. E.R. Ergenzinger and T.P. Pons: Growth of New Connections and Adult Reorganizational Plasticity in the Somatosensory System5. Helen Barbas: Neuroanatomic Basis for Reorganization of Function After Prefrontal Damage in Primates6. Bryan Kolb and Ian Q. Whishaw: Reorganization of Function After Cortical Lesions in Rodents7. J. Xu and J.T. Wall: Rapid Reorganization of Subcortical and Cortical Maps in Adult Primates8. Timothy Schallert, Sondra Bland, J. Leigh Humm, Jennifer Tillerson, Reuben Gonzales, Lawrence Williams, Jaroslaw Aronowski, and James Grotta: Motor Rehabilitation, Use-related Neural Events, and Reorganization of the Brain After Injury9. Randolph J. Nudo, Scott Barbay, and Jeffrey A. Kleim: Role of Neuroplasticity in Functional Recovery After StrokePART II DEVELOPMENTAL STUDIES OF NEUROPLASTICITY10. Joan Stiles: Spatial Cognitive Development Following Pre- or Perinatal Focal Brain Injury11. Harvey S. Levin, James Song, Sandra B. Chapman, and Harriet Harward: Neuroplasticity Following Traumatic Diffuse vs. Focal Brain Injury in Children: Studies of Verbal Fluency12. Goran Carlsson and Kenneth Hugdahl: Cerebral Reorganization in Children With Congenital Hemiplegia: Evidence From Dichotic Listening Test13. L.J. Carr: Reorganization of Function After Brain InjuryPART III TECHNIQUES FOR STUDYING NEUROPLASTICITY IN HUMANS14. Pauline A. Filipek: The Developmental Disorders: Does Plasticity Play a Role?15. Eric M. Wasserman, Leonardo G. Cohen, and Mark Hallett: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Tool for Detecting Change in the Organization of the Human Motor System After Central and Peripheral Lesions16. Timothy C. Rickard: Methodological Issues in fMRI Studies of Plasticity Following Brain Injury17. Randy L. Buckner and Steven E. Petersen: Neuroimaging of Functional Recovery18. James A. Reggia, Sharon Goodall, Ken Revett, and Eytan Ruppin: Computational Modeling of the Cortical Response to Focal DamagePART IV: SYNTHESIS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION19. Paul Bach-y-Rita: Conceputal Issues in Neuroplasticity and Reorganization of Function After Brain Injury

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Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease